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Science Fiction Literature
The Citizen, Society, and the Future
Terms in this set (92)
beyond the laws of nature
beyond what is natural or observable; not explainable by the laws of nature
based on or told of in traditional stories
a genre concerning events that have not happened, that have not happened yet, or that might happen
This includes great masterpieces of the Greek, Roman, and other ancient civilizations as well as any writing that is widely considered a model of its form.
characters that appear repeatedly across time and place
a story that warns of societal ills, but usually gives some form of remedy
A generalized belief about a group of people
Author of Frankenstein
creator of the monster
medieval chemistry; pseudo-science; hermetics
An early modern term for the study of the nature of the universe, its purpose, and how it functioned; it encompassed what we would call "science" today.
Ursula K. Le Guin
The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
an ideal society
a society characterized by human misery, as squalor, oppression, disease, and overcrowding.
a commentary on the failings of British and European society and a proposal for a more rational, humanistic way of living
Sir Thomas More
wrote Utopia (1516); a book about a perfect society
John Stewart Mill
philosopher and economist who coined the term dystopia in 1868
The New Atlantis.
written by Bacon in 1627. Portrays a scientific utopia in which people enjoyed a perfect society through their knowledge and command of nature. Included predictive technologies
Appearance of dystopian writing
1914 to 1920
factors contributing to dystopian writing
fears of mechanization, conformity, and the growing influence of businesses and corporations in daily life.
a world in which individualism is suppressed and what she called collectivism is the rule of law.
wrote A Clockwork Orange
A Clockwork Orange
envisioned a society in which violent youth gangs terrorized everyone.
archetypal, epochal, symbolic
French writer who is considered the father of science fiction (1828-1905)
Magazines printed on rough pulp paper, cheaply produced, with lucrid illustrations and gaudy covers. Features tales of love, crime, and adventure.
French critic and literary theorist
evolution of the spaceship
vehicle, habitat, and a self- contained, internally sustainable society.
Robert A. Heinlein
1940s science fiction writer
an unproven principle or belief held to be true
(n.) an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred; blasphemy; heterodoxy
the most thoughtful, well-researched, and skeptical generation-starship novel of recent years
the understanding of the nature of the universe
In Frankenstein, Shelley invented one of the central concerns of science fiction
a scientific education divorced from moral education and the abandonment of responsibility for one's own achievements could lead to disaster.
the generation starship
interstellar spaceships developed to sustain whole generations of crew members
How has the spaceship been a useful tool for science fiction?
Serves as a means of preserving comfortable middle- class values in a hostile and alien environment, as a microcosm of society and a laboratory for exploring how societies devolve and forget their origins without new ideas and stimuli, as a reflection of the styles and preoccupations of the society that imagines them, even as a kind of horror-story haunted house.
Three Laws of Robotics
1. A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
2. A robot must obey orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
3. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
A machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically
a subdiscipline of computer science that attempts to simulate human thinking
a person with knowledge of many subjects
having an appearance or character resembling that of a human.
anything of mixed origin
to serve and obey and guard men from harm
an area of land that cannot be used or that is no longer used for building or growing things on
a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country
(adj.) predicting or presaging universal destruction; ominous; prophetic
an object in the natural world collectively defined as sacred
a sudden, violent, or devastating upheaval; a surging flood, deluge
sacrificed for a cause
The process of becoming a saint
a recurring narrative element with symbolic significance
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
a difficult problem
relating or devoted to the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence
port of call
Port where a ship discharges or receives traffic.
depart from an established course
departure from what is normal
Belief that nothing can be known about whether God exists
supernatural; going beyond normal experience
increasing gradually by regular degrees or additions
Use of fear to influence the opinions and actions of others
a large-scale and violent event in the natural world
believing the worst of human nature and motives
a philosophical and political movement that combines ecological concerns with feminist ones, regarding both as resulting from male domination of society.
a long, mournful complaint or lamentation; a list of woes.
One country taking over another area to be used for their benefit
a situation in which you have many choices and aren't sure which one is right.
A contrast between expectation and reality
plots or schemes
making something happen or exist
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific.
set in the country
tower of Bable
People try to reach tower to Heaven, God says no, gives them different "languages", they are babbling
a large city
government by the wealthy
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