medical terminology chapter 6

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Terms in this set (...)

algesia
sense of pain
angi/o
vessel
arteri/o
artery
cardiac arrest
stopped heart
dactyl/o
Fingers
defibrillation
heart shocked to a regular heartbeat
embolism
obstruction of a blood vessel
embolus
foreign particle in the bloodstream
esthesia
feeling, sensation
fibrillation
very fast, irregular heartbeat
thrombus
blood clot
thrombosis
bloodclot occluding a vessel
plas/o
formation
phleb/o
vein
phas/o
speech
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
poly
many
sym, syn
together
orrhexis
rupture, bursting apart
tripsy
rubbing, crushing
micro
small, very small
macro
large
emia
blood
dys
bad, difficult, painful
a, an
absent, without
osis
A blood clot floating through the blood stream is known
as a thrombus. When a blood clot occludes a vessel, the condition is called thrombosis. The part of the word meaning abnormal or diseased condition is
embolus
An embolus is any foreign or abnormal particle circulating in the blood, such as an air bubble, a cholesterol deposit, or even a blood clot. Embolism is the condition caused by an
thrombus
A circulating blood clot is a
embolus
But any foreign particle (including a blood clot) circulating through the bloodstream is an
embolism
When a vessel is suddenly occluded by an embolus, the resulting condition is known as an
thrombosis
When a sudden vessel occlusion is caused by a thrombus, the resulting condition is a
thrombosis
A blood clot occluding a coronary (heart) vessel is a condition called coronary
embolus
Embolism is caused by a/an
thrombus
Thrombosis is caused by a/an
coronary thrombosis
A sudden blocking or occlusion of the coronary vessel of the heart by a blood clot is a/an
cardiac arrest
A very fast, irregular heartbeat, left unchecked, may lead to a complete cessation of heart functioning known as
defibrillation
A very fast, irregular heartbeat is called fibrillation. Using an electrical spark to shock the heart and bring about a regular heartbeat is called
thrombus
a blood clot floating through the bloodstream
defibrillation
using an electrical spark to shock the heart and restore a regular
heartbeat
cardiac arrest
complete cessation of heart functioning
fibrillation
a very fast, irregular heartbeat
embolism
sudden blocking or occlusion of a vessel by something that floated
in the bloodstream
coronary thrombosis
sudden blocking of the coronary vessel by a blood clot
heart
Arteries are vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Veins are vessels that carry blood back to the
a radiographic picture of the heart vessels
What is a cardioangiogram?