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SPORT PSY CH 7
Terms in this set (34)
the use of rewards to increase the likelihood of similar responses occurring in the future.
rewarding close approximations of the desired performances until the skill is learned
information, knowledge, encouragement, and criticism about performance that can help participants understand and improve
feedback that attempts to facilitate performance by enhancing confidence, effort, energy expenditure, and mood, serving as a reinforcement, and establishing goal setting programs
feedback that provides information about specific behaviours that should be performed, levels of proficiency, and the performers current level in the desired skills and activities
Knowledge of performance (KP)
feedback that address the movement pattern that was used to accomplish the task goal
Knowledge of results (KR)
feedback that refers to information about the outcome of the action
Systematic application of the principles of positive and negative reinforcement to help produce desirable behaviors and eliminate undesirable behaviors
rewards that are external to the individual such as medals, trophies, ribbons
motivation that comes from within; drives the desire to be competent and self-determining in their quest to master the task at hand
a form of extrinsic motivation where the activity is personally important because of a valued outcome rather than interest in the activity solely for itself
a form of extrinsic motivation where the behavior is highly valued, accepted, and judged by the individual and thus performed willingly, even if the activity is not pleasant in itself
a form of extrinsic motivation where the individual is motivated by internal prods and pressures
a form of extrinsic motivation where the behavior is completely controlled by external sources such as rewards and constraints
the absence of motivation; "going through the motions"
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
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Which of the following represents naturalistic observation? a. Researchers watch and record how elementary school children interact on the playground. b. Researchers bring participants into a laboratory to see how they respond to a puzzle with no solution. c. A principal looks at the relationship between the number of student absences and their grades. d. A social worker visits a family home and gives feedback on family interactions. e. Two grandparents sit in the front row to watch their grandson’s first piano recital.
Which of the following best describes negative reinforcement? a. John stops shooting bad free-throws be cause his coach benches him when he does. b. Brian studies hard because it earns him "A" grades in math. c. Lillian used to walk to school but does not do so anymore because she was attacked by a dog fast month. d. Charles smokes be cause his anxiety is reduced when he does so. e. Osel wears his seat belt because his driving teacher cited accident statistics in class.
In a perfectly normal distribution of scores, which of the following statements is true? a. The mean, median, and mode are all the same number. b. The mode is equal to the standard deviation. c. The scores are positively correlated. d. The mean minus the mode equals the median. e. There is a positive skew to the distribution of data.
Ms. Ledbetter wants to determine if the new review activity she developed will improve student performance on unit exams. She randomly separates 160 students into two groups. Group A reviews for the unit exam in the traditional manner they have always used. Group B participates in the new review activity. After reviewing, both groups are given the same unit exam and their scores are compared. Identify the independent and dependent variables for this experiment.
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