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Biology Semester 2 Review

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sexual reproduction
process in which genetic material from two parents combines and produces offspring that differ genetically from either parent
asexual reproduction
reproduction that does not involve the union of gametes and in which a single parent produces offspring that are genetically identical to the parent
meiosis
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms
fertilization
process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
zygote
the cell resulting from the union of an ovum and a spermatozoon (including the organism that develops from that cell)
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
haploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes