35 terms

MGT 3320 Chpt 8

STUDY
PLAY
a
Diversity always involves A. employee's individual differences.
B. a quota system. C. mandatory affirmative action plans.
D. legal constraints. E. similarities in product offerings.
e
Which of the following is one of the factors that has contributed to increased workforce diversity in the United States?
A. Increased entry into the workforce of women and minorities B. Increased immigration into the United States
C. Organizations becoming aware of the competitive advantages of diversity D. Legislation and legal actions
E. All of these
d
Looking around the room at a recent committee meeting, Eileen noticed that most of the participants were white males, although they differed in their national origin, their age, their religion, and their lifestyle. Eileen's committee is A. completely diverse.
B. not at all diverse. C. exactly in the middle of the diversity continuum. D. somewhat diverse, but on the low end of the continuum.
E. somewhat diverse, but on the high end of the continuum.
d
Which of the following kinds of treatments play a role in diversity management? A. Preferential treatment B. Equal treatment C. Identical treatment D. Equitable treatment E. Differential treatment
c
John, a corporate accountant in a large computer manufacturing firm, celebrates Cinco de Mayo with his family every year because of his
A. age.
B. race.
C. ethnicity.
D. gender. E. religion.
b
Which of the following BEST describes the principle of equitable treatment?
A. All persons should be treated the same regardless of their differences.
B. All persons should be treated equally but differently because of their differences.
C. All persons should be treated the same because of their differences.
D. All persons should be treated differently even if they are the same.
E. Not all persons should be treated the same, even if they are the same.
b
Which law requires employers to treat people of different religions and national origins fairly in the workplace?
A. Richard Osborn Act B. The Civil Rights Act of 1964
C. The Americans with Disabilities Act
D. Sarbanes-Oxley Act E. Fair Credit Reporting Act
e
For which of the following characteristics must employers make reasonable accommodations?
A. Race
B. National origin
C. Gender
D. Age
E. Disability
d
Which of the following is a major dimension of diversity?
A. Sexual preference B. Personality
C. Political outlook D. Gender
E. Management style
d
The average age of the U.S. workforce is
A. decreasing because of earlier retirement ages. B. increasing because of immigration of older workers from other countries.
C. decreasing because the women entering the workforce are younger. D. increasing because baby boomers are still working. E. decreasing because of immigration of younger workers from other countries
b
Which of the following is NOT true about older workers?
A. Older workers tend to be more stable.
B. Older workers have lower accident rates. C. Older workers require higher levels of insurance coverage and medical benefits.
D. Older workers can make greater contributions to productivity.
E. Older workers tend to have more experience.
d
Pam has been a highly valued production manager for a national grocery store chain for the last ten years, but she has been unable to move into the top management jobs, positions that are all held by men. What is Pam likely facing?
A. Poor evaluations B. Career tracking C. Reverse discrimination D. Glass ceiling
E. Mother syndrome
e
Which of the following traits represent components of diversity? A. Sexual orientation B. Special dietary preferences
C. Political ideology D. Dual-career couples E. All of these
b
The creativity argument suggests that more diverse organizations will be more competitive because they will
A. be better able to understand different market segments.
B. be characterized by multiple perspectives and ways of thinking.
C. be better able to respond to changes in environment.
D. become known among women and minorities as good places to work. E. have higher levels of productivity and lower levels of turnover and absenteeism.
c
Andy, a director of human resource management with a restaurant firm says, "Diversity in our organization results in higher job performance and lower turnover." Andy is using which argument to justify how diversity contributes to competitiveness?
A. The resource acquisition argument
B. The problem-solving argument
C. The cost argument D. The creativity argument E. The systems flexibility argument
e
Siemens actively recruits U.S. military veterans. Siemens employees who are veterans, mentor newly hired veterans to help them adjust to the organization. Siemens is able to easily recruit talented employees. Which argument for diversity is demonstrated in Siemens' actions?
A. The systems flexibility argument
B. The problem-solving argument
C. The cost argument D. The marketing argument E. The resource acquisition argument
b
The problem-solving argument suggests that more diverse organizations will be more competitive because they will
A. be better able to understand different market segments.
B. have a larger pool of unique information.
C. be better able to respond to changes in its environment.
D. become known among women and minorities as good places to work. E. have higher levels of productivity and lower levels of turnover and absenteeism.
c
The systems flexibility argument suggests that more diverse organizations will be more competitive because they will
A. be better able to understand different market segments.
B. be characterized by multiple perspectives and ways of thinking.
C. be better able to respond to changes in environment.
D. become known among women and minorities as good places to work. E. have higher levels of productivity and lower levels of turnover and absenteeism.
d
Which of the following is the BEST definition of empathy?
A. Understanding that differences exist among people
B. Tolerating behavior of others even though you do not understand it
C. Openly discussing problems that you have with others D. Understanding the perspectives of others who are different
E. Treating people fairly and equitably
a
Sometimes managers must realize that individual differences cause employees to act in very different ways, which suggests that workers cannot all be treated similarly. Which of the following is the BEST individual strategy for dealing with this issue? A. Understanding B. Communication C. Development D. Tolerance E. Training
a
Sung says, "My employer assigns a mentor to each new hire. Employees can discuss racial or sexual harassment issues with the mentor in confidentiality. If there is any wrongdoing, my employer's rules require a thorough investigation." Sung's employer is using which organizational strategy for dealing with diversity?
A. Organizational policies B. Diversity training C. Organizational practices D. Individual differences E. Organization culture
c
Olive Garden restaurants actively work to recruit diverse applicants, accommodate diverse employees through flexible schedules and other means, and include diverse employees in decisions at every level of the organization. Which organizational strategy for dealing with diversity is shown in these actions by Olive Garden? A. Organizational policies B. Diversity training C. Organizational practices D. Individual differences E. Organization culture
e
Which of the following BEST represents a multicultural organization?
A. A corporation that does business in many different countries
B. A company that hires people of all races
C. An organization where the top managers are all female
D. A business that does not discriminate in providing services to its customers E. A firm that capitalizes on diversity and has few diversity problems
e
Knowledge workers include
A. computer scientists.
B. engineers.
C. physical scientists.
D. experts in some abstract knowledge base.
E. all of these.
a
______ refers to the collective, institutional record of past events. A. Organizational memory B. Organizational learning C. Organizational knowledge D. Organizational knowledge workers E. Organizational experience
e
______ is a key social issue affecting HRM.
A. Prison labor B. Immigration
C. Social responsibility D. Living wage
E. Each of these
a
______ is a dedication to build organizations that are accountable, responsible, transparent, and ecologically sustainable. A. Corporate social responsibility
B. Social entrepreneurship C. Conscious capitalism D. Compassionate conservatism
E. Diversity management
b
Applying business skills and tools to deal with social problems is called A. corporate social responsibility.
B. social entrepreneurship. C. conscious capitalism. D. equal employment opportunity.
E. diversity management.
e
The process by which a company adapts to its environment is called A. organizational pluralism. B. organizational conflict. C. organizational integration. D. organizational synergy. E. organizational learning.
a
Employees who add value to the firm because of their expertise, background, or training are called ____ workers.
A. knowledge
B. conflict
C. integration
D. network
E. structural
c
Ray Caldwell is the human resource manager of a management consulting firm. The consultants are mostly white males and are a cohesive group. Very few conflicts exist between them and decisions are made quickly and without much disagreement. A number of the qualified applicants for new positions are multicultural and Ray wonders if he should consider hiring them. He is currently assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the firm's becoming more multicultural. Refer to Scenario 8.1. Ray is concerned that if he hires female managers, they may not be given opportunities to advance to top management positions in the firm. Ray is concerned about
A. accommodating knowledge workers.
B. accommodations that might be legally required.
C. the glass ceiling.
D. diversity training.
E. communication barriers.
a
Ray Caldwell is the human resource manager of a management consulting firm. The consultants are mostly white males and are a cohesive group. Very few conflicts exist between them and decisions are made quickly and without much disagreement. A number of the qualified applicants for new positions are multicultural and Ray wonders if he should consider hiring them. He is currently assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the firm's becoming more multicultural. Refer to Scenario 8.1. If Ray wants to hire the ethnic group that is expected to increase by the greatest percentage of the U.S. workforce over the next decade, he would hire more
A. Hispanics.
B. African Americans. C. whites.
D. Asians.
E. Native Americans.
e
Ray Caldwell is the human resource manager of a management consulting firm. The consultants are mostly white males and are a cohesive group. Very few conflicts exist between them and decisions are made quickly and without much disagreement. A number of the qualified applicants for new positions are multicultural and Ray wonders if he should consider hiring them. He is currently assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the firm's becoming more multicultural. Refer to Scenario 8.1. Which of the following arguments can Ray NOT use for justifying the contribution of diversity to competitiveness? A. Diversity leads to higher levels of productivity and lower levels of absenteeism.
B. Diversity creates a better understanding of different market segments and how to market products to them.
C. Diversity is likely to generate new ideas and better ways of doing things.
D. Diversity creates a larger pool of unique information that can be brought to bear on problems.
E. Diversity narrows the perspective of organizations, permitting them to make decisions more quickly.
b
Ray Caldwell is the human resource manager of a management consulting firm. The consultants are mostly white males and are a cohesive group. Very few conflicts exist between them and decisions are made quickly and without much disagreement. A number of the qualified applicants for new positions are multicultural and Ray wonders if he should consider hiring them. He is currently assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the firm's becoming more multicultural. Refer to Scenario 8.1. Ray understands that an increase in diversity will require certain individual strategies for dealing with multiculturalism. Which of the following is NOT such a strategy?
A. Understanding B. Separation
C. Empathy
D. Tolerance E. Communication
d
Ray Caldwell is the human resource manager of a management consulting firm. The consultants are mostly white males and are a cohesive group. Very few conflicts exist between them and decisions are made quickly and without much disagreement. A number of the qualified applicants for new positions are multicultural and Ray wonders if he should consider hiring them. He is currently assessing the advantages and disadvantages of the firm's becoming more multicultural. Refer to Scenario 8.1. Ray wants to find a good example of an organization that is truly multicultural. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of such an organization?
A. Pluralism
B. Low levels of internal conflict
C. No barriers to entry and participation in any organizational activity D. Organizational roles identified with particular cultural groups
E. The diversity of the organization accurately reflecting its market
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