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totalitarian rule

Strong state rule where the subjects show an absolute obedience to authority. single party/leader who controls all aspects of the people's lives

Czar Nicholas

abdicated his throne because russia was suffering and then he and his family were shot and killed

March Revolution

as a result of this revolution the Romanov dynasty was removed from power after 300 years of autocratic rule and replaced with the provisional government led by Alexander Kerenski

November Revolution

They took military control in the capital and on November 6th, took over the government buildings. Lenin was named the head of the government by a congress of soviets after this.

Russian Civil War

1918-1920: conflict in which the Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. Red vs. White Army.

Vladimir Lenin

Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)


Radical Marxist political party founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1903. Under Lenin's leadership, the Bolsheviks seized power in November 1917 during the Russian Revolution.

Red Guard

Militia units formed by young Chinese people in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong's call for a social and cultural revolutions

White Army

forces led by Russian military leaders and funded by the Allied Powers

Leon Trotsky

Supporter of Lenin who helped in the takeover of Petrograd and the Bolshevik revolution

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

treaty in which Russia lost substantial territory to the Germans. This ended Russian participation in the war.

Communist Party

a political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin; originally the Russian Bolshevik Party.


Was an international communist organization founded in March of 1919 by Lenin, this thing wanted to overthrow the international Bourgeoisie and create a socialist state.


United Soviet Socialist Republic

Joseph Stalin

Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)

Five Year Plans

Plans that Joseph Stalin introduced to industrialize the Soviet Union rapidly, beginning in 1928. They set goals for the output of steel, electricity, machinery, and most other products and were enforced by the police powers of the state.

Great Purge

The widespread arrests and executions of over a million people by Josef Stalin between 1936 and 1938. Stalin was attempting to eliminate all opposition to his rule of the Soviet Union.


Forced labor camps set up by Stalin for political dissidents.


system in which private farms were eliminated, instead, the government owned all the land while the peasants worked on it.

communist propaganda

Using new technology, the communist party flooded the public with propaganda. Radios and loudspeakers blared into factories and villages. In movies, theatres, and schools, citizens heard about the communist successes and the evils of capitalism. Atheism also became the official policy of the state.

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