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PSYC 260 - Week 1

Terms in this set (38)

process loss: aspects of group interaction inhibit good problem solving
- failure to share unique info, group polarization, groupthink

failure to share unique info: groups tend to repeat info over and over again, no new individual info

- ex celebrities sharing info about how to avoid paparazzi pics

ex 3 person team of physicians in hypothetical medical scenario (shared info discussed more than unshared info) (Larson, 1998)
- the doctors won't share their individual knowledge of the patient, they'll end up discussing the common symptoms they all know about the patient

group polarization:
- tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than initial inclinations of group members
- can be cautious or risky

ex. asking friends/family for estimates of Canucks winning stanley cup this year, as a group collectively they make a more extreme decision of 80% chances compared to their initial individual estimates

groupthink:
- kind of thinking in which maintaining group cohesiveness and solidarity is more important than considering facts in a realistic manner

most likely to occur:
- highly cohesive group
- isolated from other opinions
- directive leader who makes opinions known

can make group feel invulnerable, won't risk defiance > make inferior decisions

ex. Simpsons w Mr Burns as leader, his followers are yes men to all of his decisions, leading to him losing all of his money

preconditions lead to list of symptoms
eg illusion of unanimity, belief in moral correctness, direct pressure on dissenters to conform

applied to real world events
- eg challenger space ship
- jan 28 1986, 76 sec into flight,
nasa ignored warning after engineers cautioned shuttle wasn't ready, killing all on board