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A&P Exam 2
Terms in this set (45)
Choose the answer that shows the correct order for the standard preparation of a histological specimen.
(1) fixation, (2) sectioning, (3) staining
Which of the following epithelial tissue types is NOT correctly matched to its function?
stratified squamous epithelium; absorption
All epithelia have two surfaces, an apical surface and a basal surface, that differ in both structure and function. This property is called polarity.
Which of the following is a property of epithelial tissue?
Epithelial tissue is innervated.
How do endocrine and exocrine glands differ?
Endocrine glands do not use ducts.
__________ are water-soluble, complex glycoproteins that are secreted by goblet cells.
Which tissue type consists of a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a body cavity?
What tissue type has polarity and is avascular?
Which tissue is correctly paired with its primary immature cell type?
All muscle cells contain striations.
Smooth muscle __________.
is under involuntary control
After a heart attack, fibrosis occurs at the site of cardiac muscle cell death. This reduces the efficiency of the heart's pumping activity because __________.
fibrous connective tissue is incapable of contracting
Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
Tactile cells anchor the skin to the underlying structures of the body.
Which dermal layer is responsible for the dermal properties of skin that are evident as cleavage lines?
the reticular layer
Which of the following represents a difference between eccrine sweat glands and apocrine sweat glands?
The secretions of apocrine sweat glands contain more fat and protein than do the secretions of eccrine sweat glands.
Which glands secrete an oily product that softens the skin and hair?
The skin is not a __________ barrier.
The most dangerous type of skin cancer is __________.
Susan sat out in the sun watching a baseball game. She developed small blisters on her unprotected shoulders and neck. What type of burn is represented by the formation of the blisters?
When chondrocytes in lacunae divide and form new matrix, it leads to an expansion of the cartilage tissue from within. This process is called __________.
Bones do NOT have a role in __________.
Which of the following pairs of terms is mismatched?
sternum: long bone
Which of the following cells are NOT matched with their appropriate function?
osteocytes; produce new bone cells.
What is the structural unit of compact bone?
Which of the following statements is true?
During endochondral ossification, hyaline cartilage is broken down and replaced with bone.
What is intramembranous ossification?
the formation of bone from within fibrous membranes
What would be the physical sign that a bone cannot continue longitudinal growth?
an epiphyseal line
Which of the following is UNLIKELY to affect bone remodeling?
Hypercalcemia can be caused by_________.
hypersecretion of parathyroid hormone
What controls bone remodeling?
mechanical stress and hormones
Which of the following are correctly matched?
compound fracture; the fractured bone ends penetrate the skin
The correct order (from start to finish) of fracture repair is __________.
hematoma formation, soft callus formation, bony callus formation, and bone remodeling
Which of the following refers to a bone disorder found most often in the aged and resulting in the bones becoming porous and light?
Which of the following represents a structural classification for joints that are separated by a joint cavity?
Which of the following refers to a joint that is slightly movable?
Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to joint stability?
the amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity
Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature of a synovial joint?
hyaline cartilage connecting the two bones of the joint
Which of the following are correctly paired?
multiaxial movement; movement in all three planes and around all three axes
When you bring any of your fingers in contact with your thumb, this movement is called __________.
Which of the following is true about the shoulder joint?
The glenohumeral joint is more mobile, making it less stable.
Which movement decreases the angle between articulating bones?
Which joint allows a side-to-side movement called lateral excursion?
the temporomandibular joint
Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on __________.
shape of articular surfaces
Which factor is likely to most likely to protect against shoulder dislocation?
rotator cuff muscles
Which joint has most notably sacrificed stability to provide great freedom of movement?
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