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CU2: US Constitution
Terms in this set (32)
3 branches of government
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
5 principles of the constitution
all men are created equal
endowed with unalienable rights
gov't was created to protect out rights
consent of the governed
gov't was created to protect out rights
alter or abolish the gov't if it gains too much power
A change to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Members of Congress are assigned to committees to investigate the merits and problems with suggested bills, sometimes holding public hearings to learn more before sending it to the full House or Senate for debate and a vote.
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution, for example, the authority to print money.
Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers of the Constitution.
Electoral College Compromise
The President would have a four-year term
Electoral College = elected body of people that represent each state to vote for the President
Equal protection under the law
a guarantee under the 14th Amendment that a state must treat a citizen or class of citizens the same as it treats other citizens or classes in like circumstances
Clause in the First Amendment that says the government may not establish an official religion.
Formal orders issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy.
powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution
a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue.
Free Exercise Clause
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
A formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Powers inferred (but not directly stated in the Constitution) from the express powers that allow Congress to carry out its functions.
The idea that the judiciary needs to be kept away from the other branches of government. That is, courts should not be subject to improper influence from the other branches of government, or from private or partisan interests.
Bill passed to a house of congress; bill gets majority of votes in both houses; president can then pass bill into law or veto it. If vetoed, bill must attain 2/3 majority in both houses to become law.
Necessary and Proper Clause
Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3) setting forth the implied powers of Congress. It states that Congress, in addition to its express powers, has the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out all powers the Constitution vests in the national government
The good of the community as a whole.
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people
Rule of law
principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
Separation of powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
A permanent committee established in a legislature, usually focusing on a policy area. These committees meet regularly.
the rights and powers held by individual US states rather than by the federal government.
the highest federal court in the United States
Chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature
The document written in 1787 and ratified in 1788 that sets forth the institutional structure of the U.S. government and the tasks these institutions perform. It replaced the Articles of Confederation.
E pluribus unum
out of many, one
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
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