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Housing Strategies (week 1)
Terms in this set (56)
How many acres per horse that is getting their nutritional requirements from that area?
What are the three main housing strategies?
stalls, pasture, dry-lot
(T/F) A lot of facilities have just one of the main housing strategies
false; a combination of at least 2 of the main housing strategies
What do dry lots help with? How?
- literally a dirt pen with all weather paddock footing
What are the six basic needs of a horse?
water, grain, forage, shelter, social interactions, exercise
What category of horses need grain?
How much forage do horses need? How can they get this?
generally, a large quantity
- grass in the pasture or hay in a dry lot
What are four common options for shelter?
shed, barn, tree, terrace (drops down then flat then drops down again)
Why are social interactions important with horses?
because they are naturally herd animals that are very social
When we say exercise in horses what do we mean?
the ability to move as much as they want
(T/F) Stalls are not a great solution for exercise
How many horses in a 23 acres field/pasture?
The layout of your horse farm should consider what five categories?
gates, water sources, barn, trailers, trees
What are the two main considerations with gates?
size and location
What is the goal size of gates? Why?
14 feet (bigger is better)
- equipment has to fit through to maintain the pastures
Why does the location of gates matter?
more convenient to have gates in-between fields to move the horses
What is the main concerns with water sources?
- prioritize the automatic waters in the furthest fields so you do not have to drag a hose that far
When thinking of layout strategies, what is the main concern with trailers?
want to have a large circle drive or a big parking lot to move trailers around
- do NOT want narrow roads
What are the two main benefits from trees?
- they help stabilize the ground in some areas
- provide shade/shelter
What is a tree pen? What is the benefit?
a fence around the trees
- root structure on tree is very large & horses standing around it can kill the trees
- prevents horses from chewing on bark
What is the most important in selecting a fence?
safety then durability
- incredibly durable because all metal
- fairly safe unless a horse runs full speed
- most expensive
Pipe & cable fencing
- not as durable as pipe
- cable gets loose during the winter & horse can get through
- 2nd expensive
- less durable & shows age fast so more maintenance
- relatively safe just splinters
- moderate (fourth)
Board & wire fencing
- moderate; more if metal post
- very safe
- third cheapest
- poor: clicks together so not strong & requires maintenance do to horse standing up against it
- safe but will not keep horse in
- third most expensive
Whats a disadvantage to vinyl fencing? Advantage?
cannot tie a horse to it & good if no animals on the other side
Plastic coated wire fencing
- the most durable
- the most safe & visible
- moderate (#5)
Electric tape fencing
- tons of maintenance & not durable
- safe but will not keep the horse in
- 2nd cheapest
field fence fencing
- durable: barbed wire so will not lean on it
- unsafe due to barbed wire, horse can stick leg through, and cannot see
What can you add to field fencing to make it more safe?
electric tape to prevent leaning and injuries
- sight board to prevent injuries
- t post cover
high tensile fencing
- unsafe because hard to see
When is it best to use high tensile fencing?
horse you aren't changing often
Why do we house horses in barns? (5)
- training horses
- show preparation (under lights so they do not grow thick winter hair)
- vet care
In barns, what does the feed room usually store?
- hay is stored outside
(T/F) There aren't many facility purposes for barns
What are the three barn MUST haves?
- 12 ft. aisle (width)
- non-slip floors
- lined walls (at least 5')
What is the propose of 12 feet aisles?
wheelbarrows, maneuvering horses, tractors or trucks
Why should walls be lined 5 feet?
so horses do not stick their feet through or kick metal on outside of the barn
What are the three main "layout" concerns when designing a barn?
lighting, ventilation, & doors
- floors, aisle width, & walls are must haves
In "general" areas, lighting candles should be ____ feet
If a lighting candle is set up, it should light up how much?
1 foot by foot area
(T/F) There are different lighting requirements for different circumstances
- general vs. vet stock vs. work areas
In "work" areas, lighting candles should be ____ feet. Why?
- detail work needs more light
In "vet" areas, lighting candles should be ____ feet. Why?
- surgeries, etc.
general - 10 feet
work - 30 feet
vet - 70 feet
How many air exchanges do horses need per hour?
4-8 / hour
How many air exchanges does the average person's home get?
0.5 / hour
We have to provide a lot of _______ in exercise
What is the main type of stall doors?
What are dutch doors? What is important to have in these doors?
can have top open and bottom closed (on their own hinges)
- important to buy high quality hinges because these doors are heavy
What it the most common type of door handle?
door hardware (pin)
What is door hardware? Advantage?
pin that slides in to keep the dutch door closed
- they are safe and you can easily operate with one hand
What are the advantages of windows in dutch doors?
- mental stimulation because they can look out and see friends
- social animals so seeing other horses is important
What are the disadvantages of windows in dutch doors?
- if another horse leaves they may want to jump and leave out
- aggressive horse being able to see another horse
What is flashing? What is the point?
piece of metal that bends over the top of the wooden door or fences
- makes it less desirable for horses to chew on
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