Terms in this set (26)
An organization of workers that tries to improve working conditions, wages, and benefits for its members
Nonviolent refusal to continue to work until a problem is resolved.
a labor union that admits all workers in a given industry irrespective of their craft
a labor union whose membership is restricted to workers in a particular craft
Right to work law
legislation that gives workers the right, under an open shop, to join or not join a union if it is present
Blue collar worker
Someone who performs manual labor, often in a manufacturing job, and who earns an hourly wage.
White collar worker
salaried professional or an educated worker who performs semi-professional office, administrative, and sales coordination tasks
A working establishment where only people belonging to the union are hired. It was done by the unions to protect their workers from cheap labor.
A provision found in some collective bargaining agreements requiring all employees of a business to join the union within a short period, usually 30 days, and to remain members as a condition of employment
Clause that states that even if workers do not join the union, they must still pay the equivalent of dues to the union.
Process by which a union representing a group of workers negotiates with management for a contract
A method of settling disputes outside of court by using the services of a neutral third party, called a mediator. The mediator acts as a communicating agent between the parties and suggests ways in which the parties can resolve their dispute.
(law) the hearing and determination of a dispute by an impartial referee agreed to by both parties (often used to settle disputes between labor and management)
Norris Laguardia act
enacted to make it easier for employees to create, join, or operate a union
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
Fair labor standards act
1938 act which provided for a minimum wage and restricted shipments of goods produced with child labor
Taft Hartley act
(HT) 1947, , The Act was passed over the veto of Harry S. Truman on the 23rd June, 1947. When it was passed by Congress, Truman denounced it as a "slave-labor bill". The act declared the closed shop illegal and permitted the union shop only after a vote of a majority of the employees. It also forbade jurisdictional strikes and secondary boycotts. Other aspects of the legislation included the right of employers to be exempted from bargaining with unions unless they wished to. The act forbade unions from contributing to political campaigns and required union leaders to affirm they were not supporters of the Communist Party. This aspect of the act was upheld by the Supreme Court on 8th May, 1950.
New York state taylor law
teachers, police men, firefighters, ect. cant strike penalty-2 days pay for every day that they strike!
Knights of Labor
1st effort to create National union. Open to everyone but lawyers and bankers. Vague program, no clear goals, weak leadership and organization. Failed
American Federation of labor
1886; founded by Samuel Gompers; sought better wages, hrs, working conditions; skilled laborers, arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor, rejected socialist and communist ideas, non-violent.
International ladies garment worker's union
an organization of people that make ladies' garments. Their members went on strike in the years just before to the Triangle Factory Fire. Shorter hours better pay.Women workers worked to gain shorter hours and better pay in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
United Mine workers
A 1902 coal worker's strike called for an eight-hour work day and higher wages. Theodore Roosevelt stepped in and threatened the use of troops to settle the strike. It was the first time the government stepped in a labor dispute, but the result was improved conditions for the mine workers.
Congress of Industrial Organizatons
A federation of labor union for all unskilled workers. It provided a national labor union for unskilled workers, unlike the AFL, which limited itself to skilled workers.
1955 two larger labor unions united. American Federation Labor- Congress of Industerial Organization., American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations joined in 1955 - Largest labor organization in US.
United Farm Workers
Organization of migrant workers formed to win better wages and working conditions led by Cesar Chevez, Cesar Chavez organized agricultural workers and became a civil rights leader
United Auto Workers
Out of several competing auto unions, this one was gradually emerging preeminent in the early and mid-1930s. But although ot was gaining recruits, it was making little progress in winning recognitions from the corperations. Automobile workers eployed an effective new technique for challenging corperate oppositions: the sit-down strike.