ocular lens; provides a 10x magnification of the primary image
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Terms in this set (171)
condenser (iris) diaphragm control; adjusts the diameter of the aperture through which light passes before entering the condenser lens. it regulates the amount of light captured by the condenser lensKpower switch; used to power the microscope on and off. the microscope should be turned off when not in use to preserve the life of the lampLlight source (lamp); provides illumination of the specimen being viewedMbrightness control; potentiometer that regulates the voltage applied to the lamp. the greater the voltage, the brighter the lampNbase; supports the microscope and houses the lamp & electronic components. it is also used when transporting the microscopeOthe circle of light visible through the microscope; as magnification increases, the FOV decreasesfield of view (FOV)semifluid gel material inside the cellcytosoldestroys cellular toxic wasteperoxisomemicrotubular structures involved in cell divisioncentriolesstructural framework of the cellcytoskeletonprimary site of macromolecule synthesis other than proteinssmooth endoplasmic reticulumprimary site of protein synthesis by ribosomesrough ERrefines, packages, and ships macromolecular productsgolgi apparatusmembrane-bound shipping containersecretory vesiclesite of protein synthesisribosomescontrols movement of materials into and out of cellplasma membraneinformation center for the cell; contains DNAnucleusproduces energy for the cellmitochondriondigests damaged organelles and cellular debrislysosomeInterphase; chromatin is diffuse, nucleolus visible, nuclear envelope intactwhat cycle is this?Prophase; chromatin as condensed, nucleolus has disappeared, nuclear envelope has disintegrated, asters producedwhat cycle is this?Metaphase; sister chromatids align in center of cellwhat cycle is this?Anaphase; sister chromatids separate into daughter chromosomeswhat cycle is this?Telophase; spindle fibers disappear, chromatin diffuseswhat cycle is this?Cytokinesis; division of cytoplasm, cleavage furrow forms, actin filaments form a contractile ringwhat cycle is this?simple squamous epithelium; simple diffusion in the kidneyswhat tissue is this?simple cuboidal epithelium; absorption/secretion in the kidney/thyroidwhat tissue is this?simple columnar epithelium; absorption/secretion in the digestive tract/gallbladderwhat tissue is this?pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium; secretes/propels mucus & sweeps away material in the nasal cavitywhat tissue is this?stratified squamous keratinized epithelium; protection in the epidermiswhat tissue is this?stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium; protection in the mouth/esophaguswhat tissue is this?stratified cuboidal epithelium; absorption/secretion in the ducts of salivary glandswhat tissue is this?transitional epithelium; distention in the urinary bladderwhat tissue is this?loose (areolar) CT; supports/protection in the walls of hollow organswhat tissue is this?dense regular CT; resist unidirectional stress (parallel fibers) in the tendons/ligamentswhat tissue is this?dense irregular CT; resist stress from all directions (haphazard fibers) around jointswhat tissue is this?reticular CT; internal structure/support in lymph nodes/spleenwhat tissue is this?adipose CT; insulation/shock absorption, surrounds heart & abdominal organs; cell type: adipocyteswhat tissue is this?hyaline; support/protection in costal (ribs) cartilage/nosewhat cartilage is this?elastic; maintain shape in earswhat cartilage is this?fibrocartilage; support/protection in intervertebral discswhat cartilage is this?bone; supports & protects, calcium storage, RBC formation; osteocytes (in lacunae); hard calcified matrix with many collagen fibersblood; transport of respiratory gases, nutrients, waste, & other substances; red and white blood cells in fluid matrix (plasma)nervous; neurons (impulse conducting) and neuroglia cells (supporting)what tissue is this?skeletal; voluntary, striated, unbranchedwhat muscle tissue is this?cardiac; involuntary, striated, branchedwhat muscle tissue is this?smooth; involuntary, unstriated, unbranchedwhat muscle tissue is this?chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismlevels of structural organization in the bodycranial cavity and vertebral cavitydorsal cavitythoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavityventral cavityright hypochondriac region1epigastric region2left hypchondriac region3right lumbar region4umbilical region5left lumbar region6right iliac region7hypogastric region8left iliac region9organ sidevisceralbody wall sideparietalblood acidity increases past buffering capacity (pH drops)acidosisblood alkalinity increases past buffering capacity (pH rises)alkalosisgreen lightthe human eye is most sensitive toone layer of cells attached to the basement membranesimpletwo or more layers of cells attached to the basement membranestratifiedflat and scale-likesquamouscube shaped; all dimensions approximately the samecuboidaltaller than it is widecolumnarlines blood vessels & air sacs of lungs; permits exchange of nutrients, wastes, and gasessimple squamouslines kidney tubules & glands; secretes and reabsorbs water and small moleculessimple cuboidallines most digestive organs; absorbs nutrients, produces mucussimple columnarouter layer of skin, mouth, vagina; protects against abrasion, drying out, infectionstratified squamouslines ducts of sweat glands; secretes water and ionsstratified cuboidalprovides tensile strengthcollagen fibersgives tissues distensible properties (stretch/compression)elastic fibersnetwork for supportreticular fiberstop layer, epithelial tissueepidermisconnective tissue and other components; middle layerdermisdeep to dermis; dense with adipose tissuehypodermisproduce keratin (waterproof)keratinocytesprodce the pigment melaninmelanocytesspecialized white blood cells (phagocytes)dendritic cellslight touch receptionmerkel cellsstratum lucidumwhat is only found in thick skin?hair follicleswhat is only found in thin skin?corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basaletop to bottom layers of epidermisdermal papillae, meissener's corpuscles, epidermal ridges (fingerprints)papillary layerhouses sweat glands, sebaceous glands, blood vessels, pacinian corpusclesreticular layerexpanded region below skin surfacebulbsensory nerve endingsfollicle receptor/ root hair plexuscontains capillariespapillaactively dividing area of the hair bulbhair matrixchemical signals start cell migration from here (begin hair production)hair bulgesmooth muscle associated with hair folliclearrector pilinail rootAeponychiumBlunulaCnail bodyDnail matrix; thickened portion responsible for growthEfree edgeFhyponymchium; thickened area of attachment under free edgeGproduce sebum; oily substance, protects and lubricates skin/hair, bactericidalsebaceous glandscranialskullfrontalforeheadoculareyeoticearnasalnosebuccalcheekoralmouthmentalchinpectoral/thoracicchestmammarybreastumbilicalbelly buttontarsalanklepedalfootmetatarsaltop of foothalluxbig toeacromialshoulderaxillaryarmpitbrachialupper armantecubitalinside elbowantebrachialforearmcarpalwristmanualhandpollexthumbpalmarpalmcoxalhipfemoralthighpatellarkneecruralshinfibular or peroneallateral (side) legcephalicheadoccipitalback of headcervicalneckscapularshoulder bladedorsalbackvertebralspinelumbarlower backsacralbetween hipscubitalelbowgluetalbuttocksperinealbetween anus & external genitaliapoplitealbehind kneesuralcalfplantarsole of footcalcanealheelmetacarpalback of handliver and gallbladderorgans in RUQdiaphragm, spleen, stomach, transverse colon of large intestineorgans in LUQsmall intestine, cecum, appendixorgans in RLQdescending colon of large intestine, sigmoid colon, urinary bladderorgans in LLQliver & gallbladderorgans in right hypochondriac regionstomachorgans in epigastric regiondiaphragm and spleenorgans in left hypochondriac regionascending colon of large intestineorgans in right lumbar regionsmall intestine and transverse colon of large intestineorgans in umbilical regiondescending colon of large intestineorgans in left lumbar regioncecum and appendixorgans in right iliac regionurinary bladderorgans in hypogastric regionsigmoid colon (large intestine)organs in left iliac region