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Smartbook Chapter 7
Terms in this set (32)
Osseous tissue is a connective tissue with a hardened matrix that makes up organs called
What bone shape are vertebrae classified as?
Which of the following best describes a medullary cavity?
A hollow cavity within the diaphysis of a long bone
By weight, the skeleton is mostly ______ bone.
Bones such as the carpals that have the same length and width are classified as _________ bones.
Which osseous tissue is found at the surface of all bones?
An epiphyseal line is slightly denser ______.
Which describes a nutrient foramen?
An opening into the surface of a bone which allows the passage of blood vessels into bone tissue
True or false: Once "closed" or ossified, growth in length no longer occurs at an epiphyseal plate.
Which bone cells produce the organic bone matrix?
The outer layer of periosteum is a(n) ______.
Hydroxyapatite makes up part of which component of the bony matrix?
In longitudinal views, osteons are ______.
Which is part of the inorganic matter that makes up the matrix of bone?
Calcium phosphate salt
Lacunae are located between concentric rings of compact bone tissue called what?
What are the thin plates forming spongy bone called?
The basic structural unit of compact bone is the ______.
Which zone of the epiphyseal plate is located the closest to the marrow cavity?
Zone of bone deposition
Where does the calcium and phosphate used to mineralize bone come from?
Which condition is characterized by excessive excitability of the nervous and muscular systems due to low blood calcium levels?
An increase in the length of a long bone occurs by the process of _______________ growth.
Which type of bone growth involves the deposition of new tissue at the surface?
Calcitriol acts on which organs to raise blood calcium levels?
Bones, kidneys, small intestines
Which type of bone growth occurs within cartilage and results in bone elongation?
What does the hormone calcitonin do?
Inhibits osteoclasts and stimulates osteoblasts
Mineral deposition into bones begin when?
In fetal ossification
Which two ions are deposited by osteoblasts into the bone matrix?
Phosphate and calcium
Which hormones affect bone growth and development?
The branch of medicine dealing with bone disorders is
Which tend to attain their full height earlier in life?
The most deadly form of bone cancer is
MOST CHALLENGING CONCEPTS
Describe epiphyseal line and epiphyseal plate.
Define interstitial growth.
Describe mineral deposition of bones.
Recommended textbook explanations
Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology
David N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Michelle Provost-Craig, Susan J. Hall, William C. Rose
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Elaine N. Marieb, Suzanne M. Keller
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