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A+P quiz #3
Terms in this set (53)
The umbilical vein carries blood that is rich in __________ from the placenta to the fetus.
With respect to their role in fetal circulation, the ductus venosus, foramen ovale, and ductus arteriosus are examples of a(n) _________________.
In correct sequence from superior to inferior, the three single arteries that arise from the abdominal aorta are ________.
celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric
What is not true about the cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis)?
It surrounds the brain stem.
The ________ vein runs between the cephalic and basilica veins on the anterior aspect of the elbow.
These thin-walled vessels are the only ones through which exchanges are made between body cells and blood.
Arteries always carry oxygenated blood away from the heart.
This artery of the foot is often palpated to assess the circulatory efficiency of the limb as a whole.
dorsalis pedis artery
The external iliac vein ________.
receives venous blood from the lower extremity
The largest branch of the abdominal aorta, the __________ artery, supplies most of the small intestine and the first half of the large intestine.
The tunica media consists of ________.
smooth muscle and elastic fibers
Bronchial arteries that supply oxygenated blood to the lungs and bronchi arise from the ________.
Arteries that supply the intestines arise from the aorta. Veins that drain the intestines ________.
ultimately drain into the hepatic portal vein
Which of the following form successively larger vessels that carry blood toward the heart?
These veins drain the thigh.
Which layer of the typical blood vessel is constructed from simple squamous epithelium?
The ________ is a small vessel connecting the pulmonary trunk to the aorta in fetal circulation.
The superior mesenteric artery supplies ________.
most of the small intestine and half of the large intestine
In the developing fetus, the umbilical __________ carries blood rich in nutrients and oxygen to the fetus.
Veins draining the head and upper extremities empty into the __________ vena cava.
In a microscopic field showing an artery and its corresponding vein, you can easily distinguish the two because ________.
veins have thinner walls and are irregular in shape
Which vessel leaves the right ventricle of the heart to take oxygen-poor, dark red blood into pulmonary circulation?
Which of the following vessels does not belong to the hepatic portal circulation?
Located in the lower limb, the __________ is the longest vein in the body.
The prefix vaso- means blood vessels.
The prefix arterio- means artery.
The prefix capill- means pertaining to hair.
The prefix tunic- means layer of tissue.
The prefix osmo- means osmosis or osmotic.
In the fetus, which blood vessel(s) carries carbon dioxide and metabolic wastes from the fetus to the placenta?
Blood vessels that absorb strong pressure pulses contain more of this type of tissue.
smooth muscle and elastic
These veins drain the brain.
internal jugular veins
The __________ veins drain the liver.
Two pairs of arteries supply the brain. They are ________.
vertebrals and internal carotids
Having venous blood from the intestines flow through the liver before entering the systemic circulation has the following advantages: ________.
the liver can process products of digestion before blood circulates to the whole body
The ________ carry (carries) oxygen-rich blood between the lungs and heart.
The subclavian artery that arises directly from the aorta supplies the ________.
left upper extremity and neck
This tunic is much thicker in a muscular artery than in its corresponding vein.
Which layer of the typical vessel can be regulated to constrict or dilate the lumen?
From what artery does the right common carotid artery arise?
The longest vein in the body, this superficial vein is located on the medial side of the lower limb.
The right gastric artery branches off of the ________.
common hepatic artery
The ________ artery carries blood from the subclavian to the brachial artery.
The anterior tibial artery terminates with the __________ artery, which is often palpated in patients with circulatory problems to determine the circulatory efficiency of the lower limb.
Arteries and veins are constructed of ________ tunics.
There are two brachiocephalic veins and ________ brachiocephalic artery (or arteries).
Gas exchange takes place between tissue cells and blood through capillary walls.
The aorta terminates when it divides into the ________.
common iliac arteries
The function of the __________ is to drain the digestive viscera and carry dissolved nutrients to the liver for processing.
hepatic portal circulation
The __________ is the largest artery of the body.
The function of tunica externa is to ________.
support and protect the vessel
__________ drain tissues and return blood to the heart.
This vein of the upper limb is often the site from which blood is drawn.
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