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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (31)
Graphics that take up the entire viewing screen
Banner graphic at bottom of the screen that includes
name, location (locator), phone number, web address, etc.
Lower Third CG
(Sometimes referred to as "CG" or "L3")
Graphic directly right or left of the anchor
Small graphic at the top of the screen. Live shots, recorded earlier, surveillance video, courtesy use, etc.
Moving text at the bottom of the screen; Headlines, weather forecast, stocks, sports scores, web info, etc.
Branding, temperatures, time; Usually in the bottom right corner of the screen
Voice over (combination of video & graphics) with an anchor read. Does NOT include a reporter or soundbite.
Name some sources of video
1. New video shot by reporter or photographer
2. Video accompanying a news/press release
3. Wire services
4. Associated Press, CNN, Reuters, networks, BBC International, etc.
6. Other news stations (Usually via agreement with Courtesy included in copy)
7. File video
1. Usually 30-40 seconds
2. Can start on on-cam
3. Can end on-cam
4. Can have multiple VO's back-to-back:
Usually stories with a similar theme
Usually with a wipe transition
Straight cuts may lead to confusion
5. Incorporate sound when possible
Breaks up monotony of anchor reading
Adds detail to story
How are VOs constructed?
1. Mix of long, medium, and close-up shots
2. Establish scene (long/wide shots)
Usually only needed at beginning of video - first shot
Used with locator super
4. Show people/things involved (medium shots)
5. Specific action (close-ups)
Illustrates what the anchor is saying
6. Shots last roughly 3-5 seconds
7. Use limited camera movements
News vs. sports
8. Location, time (chronology), action
What is an anchor lead?
It introduces the story!!
--Sets the context of the story/provides background
--Focuses viewer attention on the story
--First sentence is usually a broad statement
--Following sentences focuses on story specifics/angle
--Information needed before viewing the package
--Update of a story
--Recent development in an on-going investigation
--Controversy that led to a reaction - which is the focus of the package
--Introduces the reporter!!!
Explain what a reporter track is
The recorded voice-over of the reporter in a package
(it might set a scene or focus in on something; sets the mood for a piece)
Establishes detailed setting and context for the story
Conflict, people involved, location, why the viewer should care
Bridges between soundbites
Emphasizes content of soundbites and incorporates them into the story
Should be a mix of setting up bites and contextualizing them
Final thoughts - often looking ahead
Avoid clichés - "only time will tell..." "who knows what will happen?"
Explain the reporter stand-up
Appearance of reporter on camera during the package
Establishes face with the voice
Stations like reporters to be recognizable
Choose a location that adds to the story
No "stand-up for the sake of having one"
Be creative, not distracting
Don't play "spot the reporter"
Be relaxed/natural during stand-up
Donuts (live remotes) do not include reporter stand-up during the package... just looks silly.
Signature out. For example; "This is Maria Kolar reporting for WBCT"
When an anchor comes back in and wraps up the package. Can offer some additional piece of information in order to wrap it up. Can push their website like "For more information on this, visit our website at WBCT.com." Can look ahead.
Establishes that the story is now ending...
Style model that tells a story out of chronological order.
Anchor lead-in - >present -> past -> controversy -> future
Don't always have to follow this model, but it is usually very effective
Makes story active and in present tense at the beginning, before looking back at past events.
Stories of hardship, disaster recovery, business/economic stories.
ex: hurricane Katrina 10 years later story
Style model that uses a specific person or group of people to illustrate a story.
Reporter package opens very narrow
Individual, family, small group of people
Package broadens to focus on general trend
Package closes focusing back on individuals
Often while restating current situation or looking ahead
Economy, healthcare, politics, community policies, etc...
Particular to general
aka Personalization Model, Diamond Model
Style model that adds details to the story gradually, creating a sense of curiosity in the viewer
Creates a sense of anticipation in the viewer
Idea is to draw the viewer in by adding details slowly
Does not work with breaking news or "hard" news
Good with feature stories, human interest pieces, or kickers
ex: the girl going to Mars NPR story
Can border on sensationalism if used improperly
Wouldn't want to use it on hard news
Type of audio that includes natural sound with B-roll under the reporter track.
Helps create setting of the story
Type of audio including natural sound brought "up full"
Reporter track for a few seconds
General length 1-3 seconds
Type of audio that only includes natural sound and soundbites
No reporter track
When is the use of music appropriate?
It's okay in sports but needs to be used wisely in news. Sometimes it can help set an emotional tone like a video clip of a soldier reunited with his child. A lot of times, music is used in animations.
Specialty live shot with a person live from phone
Ex: "I'm seeing chaos here..."
This is very effective for breaking news
Specialty live shot where multiple reporters are in the field. The reporters can toss back to each other or back to the anchor.
Specialty live shot where there is a heavy use of a meteorologist. Usually includes a mix of weather forecast, anchor information, and reporter in the field
When coordinating live shots this person is in the control room. He/she communicates between the control room and communicates with a reporter live in the field.
Interruptible feedback; talk to anchor in their ear
Helps to check story elements
Video, sound, roll cues
Is video "in house?"
What types of things can go wrong before or during a live shot?
Wrong or no video
Wrong or no roll-cue
Video runs out
Loud extraneous noises or distractions
Conflict or problems with the public
What do you do when a live shots goes bad?
1. Acknowledge technical mistakes
Have anchor apologize
Talk to reporter in field (IFB issues)
2. Have a back-up plan
Can you rearrange the order of the stories?
Preview live shot if not ready
3. Make sure video/package is available
Have anchor read if vo/sot
Have anchor red lead-in if package
A brief spinet of an on-camera interview that a journalist selects to follow a certain amount of voice-over video
Electronic News Gathering
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