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Arts and Humanities
Makeup: Chapter 20 Advanced
Terms in this set (74)
What should makeup do for your clients?
maximize good features and minimize less attractive features
Makeup artists must know how to ______ facial features.
When choosing a makeup line, which of the following factors is most important?
protect the skin from the outside elements
In regard to skin tone, olive skin is considered ____________.
A(n) _____________ is created by foundation.
Water, steric acid, cetyl alcohol, mineral oil, propylene glycol, lanolin derivatives, and insoluble pigments are commonly included in which type of makeup?
Paraben is an example of a _________ used in some foundations.
Why is titanium dioxide added to many mineral makeup products?
It acts as sunscreen
What is the purpose of using powder?
it sets the foundation and finishes the makeup blending
Translucent powder ___________.
is colorless and sheer
The primary purpose of eye shadow is to ____________.
contour and accentuate the eyes
When you match eye shadow color to eye color what does it do?
creates a flat field of color
The natural color of the iris appears ___________ when you use a darker color.
In regard to eye shadow colors, a color that is deeper and darker than the clients skin tone is considered a _____________.
Eyeliner pencils consist of a wax or ________ base, with a variety of additives to create color.
Where is the most common placement of eyeliner?
Close to the lash line
What is the most commonly used type of eyeliner?
The eyebrows _________ the eyes.
When selecting an eyebrow color a client silver hair, you should avoid which of these colors?
At what point in the application should you use an eyelash curler?
before you apply mascara
Natural colorant(s) used in lipsticks include:
iron oxides, mica, & annatto.
When is lip liner generally applied?
Before lip color
Primary colors ___________.
Cannot be made by mixing other colors (red, yellow and blue)
Red and blue are examples of__________.
What do you mix to form tertiary colors?
equal amounts of a secondary color and its neighboring primary color
Which of these sets of colors are complementary colors?
purple and green
When preparing your station for a semipermanent eyelash extension service, you should make sure that you have ______________ close by in case you need to irrigate the eye for any reason.
Saline or a water source
When doing a semipermanent lash extension, you should select lashes ____________ longer than the existing lashes if the client wants a natural look
1/4 in length
How long should you wait for the adhesive to dry when applying semipermanent lash extensions before moving on to the next lash
If you want to create a larger, more open eye look, you should place.
The longest extensions in the center of the eye
After a semipermanent lash extension service, the client should be instructed to:
Avoid contact with water for a period of 24 hours after application
If a client wants both eyelash perming and semipermanent lash extensions you should:
Perm the eyelash first, and then apply the lash extensions at least two days later.
If the client is seeking a right curl from an eyelash perming, you should select which size rollers?
A good mineral makeup will always have an SPF of at least:
Iron oxides are commonly used for ____________ in mineral makeup.
When applied to clean, moisturized skin, mineral makeup:
can only be removed with a cleanser
When applying mineral makeup to type VI skin, you should choose powder that is:
Slightly lighter than the skin tone
Which type of brush is preferred when working with pressed mineral powders?
A flat-ended brush with natural hair
To prevent a mineral makeup application from producing too much shine you should:
apply it in thin layers in downward strokes with a brush
When using mineral makeup to cover redness caused by rosacea, which base color should you generally use?
When circles under the eyes are caused by allergies, they usually appear;
What is preferred for airbrush makeup formulation?
Both alcohol & water based
When applying airbrush makeup using the wide stay pattern, you should hold the airbrush how far from the skin?
Approved by the FDA as a physical sunscreen
Commonly used as a coating to increase the light scattering properties of (TiO2)
Mica does what?
Gives slip and glide to the finished product
Is a synthetically prepared, iridescent white or nearly white powder
Mineral makeup ingredient along with titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, bismuth oxychloride, boron nitride, and iron oxides
Something that cannot support bacterial life
Boron Nitride (BN)
White silky powder that gives smoothness, coverage, slip, and sheen to the finished product.
What affect do minerals have on the skin?
They allow the skin to breathe and function normally
Mineral makeup does what to chemical sunscreen
Enhances its protection or eliminates the need for it
For most skin types should match so it doesn't exaggerate fine lines and pores from being too dark
Where do you test foundation?
On the neck/jawline
What is the best tool for loose mineral powder?
A Kabuki or chisel powder brush
How can you set the mineral powder on the skin if it looks to powdery or speed up the process?
What are some application problems with mineral powder?
Too much shine: layering too thickly and pressing into skin with sponge, enhancing pores or fine lines: with loose powder which is more luminous creating an accidental glow, uneven or blotchy: minerals applied before moisture is absorbed
How can you neutralize or cover redness?
By using a yellow base
What are types of under eye circles & discoloration?
Genetics(gray above & below), allergies (blue/gray), tired(gray), smoking(purple/gray), hyperpigmentation (brown/gray), thinning( blue/purple), shadows from water/fat pad
How should you conceal under eye circles?
Apply with brush or pinky fingers in light patting upward crisscross strokes
What are two types of mineral concealer?
Liquid mineral, & loose mineral
Cream under eye concealers typically come in what tones?
Yellow, or peach
What else is yellow good for covering?
Blue/purple bruises and tattoos
How can you conceal yellow bruising?
Lilac concealer or pink based mineral powder
How long do semipermanent eye lash extensions last for?
4-6 weeks with proper application & products
What are contraindications to lash extensions?
Pregnancy, eye irritation, eye allergy, blepharitis, glaucoma, excessive tearing, and thyroid problems
If you get lash adhesive in eye what steps should you follow?
Immediately flush the eye with plenty of water and contact physician
What are the three stages in a life cycle of a hair?
anagen, catagen, telogen
For a natural feminine lash look what length should the lashes be?
1/3 longer than the clients natural lashes
For a dramatic eyelash look what length should you use?
1/2 the length of clients natural eyelashes
For a more open eye look you can do what?
Use medium length at outer portion, longest lashes in the middle, shortest at inner corner (ex:8mm, 10mm, 12mm)
How can you create a think glamour look for lash extensions?
Apply long lashes evenly across eye, use longer lash extensions, alternate 12 & 14mm
What is the post application procedure for eyelash extensions?
After 24 hours of no water/ moisture exposure use a cleansing routine with lash cleanser, avoid steam and swimming for 48 hrs, avoid product use on bonded area of lashes, avoid oil based products around lashes, don't rub or pick at lashes, avoid mascara(if used only water based) no mechanical eyelash curlers.
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