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process by which molecules tend to move from an area where they are more concentrated to an area where they are less concentrated
The concentration of dissolved substances outside the cell is higher than the concentration inside the cell
a solution in which the concentration of solutes is essentially equal to that of the cell which resides in the solution
carry molecules that cannot pass through the cell membrane because they are too large or insoluble
a carrier protein that uses ATP to actively transport sodium ions out of a cell and potassium ions into the cell
The cell would shrivel up because the water would move out of the cell
What will happen to a red blood cell when it is placed in a hypertonic solution?
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
second stage of cellular respiration, in which pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
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