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Arts and Humanities
Terms in this set (12)
Name the two most prominent 30s era tenor saxophonists.
Lester Young, Coleman Hawkins
When was the swing era?
1930s-40s (maybe into the 50s)
Which big band did Lester Young join in 1933?
Count Basie (in Kansas City, MO)
How did Lester's sound contrast with that of Coleman Hawkins?
Lester Young: Light, airy, floating sound. (cool jazz). Higher sonority, almost like an alto sax. Horizontal approach. Hawkins: "hot" trumpet-like sound, similar to Armstrong. Vertical approach, improvising in arpeggiated ways.
What titles were attributed to Young and Hawkins each? "___ of the tenor saxophone"
Young: president. Hawkins: father
Which Big Band did Coleman Hawkins join and when?
Fletcher Henderson from 1923 to 1934
What was Fletcher Henderson's big band format?
15 piece. 5 sax, 3 trumpet, 3 trombone, piano, bass, guitar, drums.
Which trumpet player played with Coleman Hawkins for about a year and influenced his style?
Louis Armstrong (in Fletcher Henderson's band from 1924-25)
Very high register notes (described how Coleman Hawkins's sometimes played the tenor sax)
What instrument was played by Benny Goodman, and what was his nickname?
clarinet, king of swing
What was Benny Goodman's most popular piece of music? What was significant about it in terms of instrumentation?
"Sing, Sing, Sing" (or at least that was the only piece we talked about in class). It was one of the first jazz pieces to focus so much on the drums as a solo instrument.
Contrast the styles of jazz vocalists Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald.
Holiday: melancholy and introverted, with use of bends to sound like crying. has a piercing and cutting voice. Fitzgerald: energetic, happy, extroverted. Wide vocal range. Revolutionized scatting.
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