A town, city or village with the surrounding country side functioning as a distinct political unit.
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
The conflict between Athenian And Spartan Alliances. The war was largely a consequence of Athenian imperialism after the Persian Wars.
A Greek philosopher who created the socratic method of questioning; sentenced to death for corrupting Athenian youth and committing heresy.
Persia attacked Athens for aiding Ionia; and the Greek city states formed the Delian league to combat Persia.
A form of government where the leader is not a monarch, and certain citizens have the right to vote.
Less wealthy landowners, merchants and craftsmen. They had a council of their own and received the right to pass laws for all in 287 BC.
the head male (eldest) representative of a Roman family (anyone under his hand--this includes extended family and slaves), only one with legal capacity; all family property in his hands.
Honorific name of Octavian, founder of the Roman Principate, the military dictatorship that replaced the failing rule of the Roman Senate.
One of the original triumvirates, when one dies and the other was picked by popular vote to be the dictator, ____ went rogue and crossed the Rubicon.