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Terms in this set (79)
Identify and describe Francis Fergusson's three-step process for building dramatic action.
Purpose-The awareness of some desire or goal
Passion-The strength of the desire
Perception- The understanding that eventually comes from the struggle
Name all three, and then explain the meaning and implications of the three questions a critic needs to ask which are identified by your textbook. Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe came up with these three questions.
1. What was the aim of the production?
2. How well was it executed/accomplished?
3. How valuable was the experience?
A playgoer experiences the characters and plot of a script's production more immediately and directly than someone that reads the play.
Negative or mixed reviews can, but do not always, diminish a play or musical's popular success.
"Exposition" is that part of a play's action which follows the major crisis.
Arousal of empathy for characters who strive for personal integrity or dignity is required for effective tragedy.
For many plays, the major dramatic question springs directly from the "inciting incident."
Episodic and sequential are two of the most common plot structures.
Choose which statement best reflects ways for making the viewing of a theatrical performance more satisfying.
Find out about the production by reading the synopsis, history, script, and reviews of the production.
Which of the answers below are a factor that affects audience response to a performance?
The other audience members
The least useful production analysis would be
"Point of attack" refers to:
the incident where the action takes shape; the major problem of the story is introduced
Which statement best describes melodrama as a theatrical genre?
Stories based on a clear distinction between good and evil. Typically a clear hero and villain.
Which is not one of Aristotle's elements of drama?
Which statement most fully describes qualities that effective dramatic action should demonstrate?
It should be complete and self contained.
Tragedy is most often associated with
What are the three major questions posed by theatre critics?
What was attempted? How fully was it accomplished? How valuable was the experience?
Who did Shakespeare write his female roles for? Why?
Shakespeare wrote his female roles for male actors because, at the time, women were not allowed to perform on the stage. These female roles were played by apprentices, who were young hired boys.
Explain the premise of Shakespeare's Hamlet and why (in your opinion) it's so well known and has survived so long.
Hamlet by Shakespeare is one of the most popular and acclaimed tragedies. It involves Hamlet being forced charged with the duties of avenging the king. Hamlet is in the lead role and he is faced with avenging the king, who was killed by his own brother. Throughout the play, Hamlet is faced with betrayal and questions his own sanity as he seeks to avenge. He loses trust, even with those who he loves (Ophelia) and the play ends tragically, with Hamlet and many others dead. The play encompasses themes of betrayal, opposing demands, and the nature of kingship. I believe that this play has stayed around for so long because it encompasses all the deep parts of tragedy as well as issues that arise politically with kingship. It also remains an intriguing show because there are so many different interpretations of it. The role of Hamlet can be portrayed in many different ways, and actors, playwrights, and dramaturges are still trying to unravel the complexities of the character and put their own input in on it.
Queen Elizabeth I the English ruler in 1558 decreed a ban on plays dealing with religious and political content or subjects.
After Charles II was restored to the throne, women were finally able to perform publicly on the English stage.
The actor was the heart of commedia dell'arte.
What are three principles of neoclassical theatre?
Tragedy and comedy should not be mixed, plays should punish the wicked and reward the good, and all plays should have five acts.
What popular dramatic form literally meant "music drama"?
What Italian Renaissance art form was both professional and open to the public?
What theatrical genre did Molière set the standard for?
In commedia, what are the three categories of stock characters?
Lovers, master, and servants
Andre Antoine founded an independent theatre in Paris called Theatre Libre in 1887. Which playwrights' plays was he a great follower of and took over production of them in his theatre?
Henrik Ibsen and Emile Zola
Who developed a system for actors that he taught for years that included wanting actors to perform truthfully, and not on the basis of sensation or mechanically?
In what aspects of the Globe theater was Shakespeare involved in? In other words, what were some of the job responsibilities he might have fulfilled?
Shakespeare was a playwright (wrote and produced plays), actor (performed on stage for plays), and shareholder in his company(oversaw plays performed in the company and managed internal workings). He was also a part-owner of the Globe Theatre, meaning that he shared profit in many ways and became wealthier than most playwrights.
Shakespeare was the greatest playwright of all time. Please agree or disagree, but defend your stance with reasoning and examples.
How is The Count of Monte Cristo an example of melodrama?
The Count of Monte Crisco is a melodrama because it shows goodness victimized and it has suspense where evil is triumphant for a period of time, but ultimately falls in the end and the good conquers the evil. Furthermore, it generalizes characters into "good" or "evil" with not a whole lot of intermittent qualities, oversimplifying human nature. The characters have minimal individualizing traits. It is also a melodrama because the characters are always completely aware of their motives and feelings, and even portray them to the audience, usually in asides.
In A Doll's House, Nora is worried her husband will find out about the affair she had with Krogstad.
The role of the director is primarily a product of the late nineteenth century.
What is a more extreme version of realism?
What is the pattern of melodrama?
Good threatened by evil, with the eventual triumph of good
The Romantics rejected supernatural elements as aspects of existence beyond the confines of rationality.
Who were the two non-theatrical men whose ideas were the most influential on Realism Theater?
Charles Darwin and Sigmund Freud
We can get to the truth through intuition by utilizing symbolism
Why was Henrik Ibsen's play A Doll's House so controversial?
The play was considered an attack on the family itself and the play was widely thought to challenge moral values and social norm
The views of naturalists and realists were grounded in the scientific outlook of life.
What did Georg II the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Richard Wagner help to create in the world of theater? And what countries did they reside in?
Richard Wagner and Duke of Saxe-Meiningen basically created the modern director that we have today. Wagner had a theory that spoken drama is at the mercy of actors and that musicians had strict sets of guidelines to follow. He wanted to create a theatrical experience through music dramas and enchant the audience with it. In order to do this, he created a new theatre building in Bayreuth Germany. This had a democratic figuration and the audience was always darkened during the performance. This led the way to the modern stage design commonly used today.
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen is what we would call the first director. His company toured through Europe between 1874 and 1890 and became very famous because of its directorial practices. Saxe-Meiningen exerted complete control over every aspect of the production and the crowd scenes were staged with great precision, variety, and emotional power. In his productions, the whole stage picture was worked out super carefully, moment by moment, and the amazing scenes convinced others to have strong theatre directors. Saxe-Meiningen also resided in Germany.
What did Nora Helmer do in A Doll's House that had her worried her husband would lose his reputation? Why did she do it? Why was this a problem in the society they lived in?
Nora Helmer forged her father's name in order to borrow money. She did this because she needed the money to restore her husband's health and she was not allowed to borrow money without her husband's health. This was a problem because she was not allowed to establish independence and so she had to commit a crime to do, what she believed was the right thing.
What is the most widely known Chinese theatrical form and what are two of its qualities?
Beijing Opera and a theatrical performance with a distinct troupe. All of the plays ended happily
When in Africa, viewing theatre from their culture, would it be appropriate to participate?
Asian theater represented their culture with plain costumes and lots of musical instruments.
In the play Oedipus the King, Oedipus stabs his eyes out so he doesn't have to see the face of his parents in the afterlife.
A main theme of Greek drama is fate and how we cannot escape our own fate. How is Oedipus the King an example of this?
All of the above.
Noh dramas are classified into five types according to the principle character, namely: God, Warrior, Women, Shepherds, or Animals plays.
Kabuki incorporates color, multiple characters, and elaborate spectacle
What is African theatre primarily about?
All of the above.
Kabuki is a musical extravaganza.
Which Asian country has created more than one major entertainment?
Explain how Kabuki was developed.
Kabuki first came to be in the 17th century. This form of theatre was the most open to change out of the other Japanese forms and therefore adapted. It borrowed from Noh and Bunraku but it changed to adapt to its own needs and style. Kabuki uses a great deal of scenery, but they are not meant to be fully illusionary, and set changes and differences in props were done in full view of the audience. Like Noh, actors are trained for years and years and they have a primarily hereditary profession. Kabuki is the form that most appeals to westerners.
You are seeing a play. In the program it says that the playwright for the show was Chikamatsu Monzaemon. As the play begins, you notice that the actors on stage are large puppets. What kind of show is this, and, based on this form of theatre, where in the world was this genre created?
The kind of show is a Bunraku show, and this type of genre was created in Japan in the 17th century. It utilized puppets instead of actors, and these puppets are very complex and are around 3 or four feet tall. Chikamatsu is one of the most well-known playwrights for Bunraku (and Kabuki) shows
How would you explain the difference between production dramaturgy and literary management?
Although the duties of the production dramaturgy and literary management often get confused or seem intermingled, there is a distinct difference between the two. Whereas the production dramaturgy is concerned with specific productions and aspects, the literary manager often works with a company to help find and secure plays for their season. Production Dramaturgies helps bring certain questions to light and supply crucial information for a play, and they sometimes help inform and educate the audience about the specific play. Meanwhile, literary managers will work with the company to find the plays that best fit and find the right translation of plays that are in different languages.
In contemporary theatre practice, the playwright is usually the artist most removed from the process of play production.
Most theatre-goers (audience) are middle-aged and older. Based on the information from Chapter Two, how can theaters work to promote their shows to younger viewers? How has Broadway tried to bring in younger audience members?
Theatres can promote to bring their shows to a younger audience through outreach programs that introduce school-aged children to theatre, or touring theatre companies. There is also the Theatre Communications group which produces a "free night of theatre". These programs are an effort to reach out to younger audiences. Many producers and directors also try to cater their theatre productions to appeal to a younger audience, such as "theatre for a New Audience which introduces students to Shakespeare and other playwrights.
One way that Broadway has tried to attract younger audiences is through specific plays catered toward a younger age group. An example is the play Young Frankenstein, which didn't last very long on broadway.
Please explain the difference between Mystery Plays and Morality Plays.
The difference between Mystery Plays and Morality Plays was that morality plays dealt with the spiritual traits of ordinary people, with temptations and personifications of good and evil, whereas mystery plays dealt with biblical or saintly characters.
Based on the speech "The Arts and the Spirit of the Lord," given by President Boyd K. Packer, is the following quote true or false? "If you use your gift properly, opportunities for service are opened that will be beneficial eternally for you and for others."
Greek Tragedy and Old Comedy were only performed at the City Dionysia Festival.
In ancient Greece, wealthy citizens were assigned to pay for the training and costuming of a play's chorus and musicians for competitions at festivals.
A production dramaturge works most closely with a play's designers and technicians.A production dramaturge works most closely with a play's designers and technicians.
Due to the three-actor rule in ancient Greek Theatre contests, the actor that played Oedipus could also play other characters.
Elder Boyd K. Packer said the best work in the arts will not be produced by the most talented but by the most inspired among us.
In the Middle Ages, trade guilds were responsible to provide .
the performers for a specific presentation and the pageant wagon for a specific presentation
Morality plays, like religious plays, focus upon the experiences of biblical or saintly characters.
Playwrights Plautus and Seneca wrote the 26 Roman comedies which have survived.
False (Plautus and Terence)
Directors have the financial and managerial tasks of making productions available to the public. Producers are concerned with the artistic aspects of production.
Rehearsal space is seldom in the same location as the production. The directors and performers rely on their own imagination for the set and props.
The casting directors sifts through resumes, confer with agents, conduct initial auditions, and call on their own memories or DVDs of the performers' previous work.
Which type of casting ignores race and ethnicity and casts performers solely on the basis of their talent and suitability to a role?
The producer's position involves the financial and managerial responsibility to make the productions available to the public.
Flow, change, and development are the important dominant impressions of a performance.
The rehearsal rooms are used for the actors to rest between productions.
The control booth is where the light and sound board operators work.
What are the main functions of the director? Be specific and consider the whole production process from script selection to closing night.
The main functions of the director are to:
interpret the script and build a production concept that will shape the staging of the play.
Cast the play and then hold and work on rehearsals with the performers
work with the designers to ensure that the play will come together and that the designers understand the interpreter's vision
holds production meetings throughout and schedules times for everything to be completed
Combines all of the elements into a finished production
Movement can be divided into three parts: from place to place, gesture, and business. Each type may be dictated mainly by what three things? Describe them and explain why they are important.
Each type of movement can be indicated by the script, director, or performer
Place to Place This type of movement is the actor moving from one place to another on the stage. It can create emphasis as well as create or show what the character is pursuing.
Gesture- Gesture is a type of body language used on stage that involves hands and arms, but also torso, head feet, and legs. Gestures can shift attention or they can indicate specific psychological traits, such as the personality of the character.
Business- Stage business is physical activities onstage that give the actor something to do. They make the play seem more realistic and natural and can clarify action and/or enrich characterization.
What are the three basic approaches to directing? How do they differ?
The three basic approaches to directing:
Literal- takes the script and tries to perform it exactly as it is written, without adjusting or changing everything
Translation- Captures the main goal and spirit of the production, but alters it from playwright specifications. Sometimes this approach uses metaphors and analogies and applies them to the production
Auteur- This method basically eliminates the playwright. The director uses a play only as a rough baseline and creates the production according to his own desires and specifications.
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