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History 113B First Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (21)
What motivated western European nations to expand overseas in the 15th and 16th centuries?
Competition between burgeoning European empires, such as Spain and England, fueled the evolution and advancement of overseas exploration. Motivated by religion, profit, and power, the size and influence of European empires during this period expanded greatly.
What enabled Europeans to expand overseas during the 15th and 16th century?
Voyages were paid by wealthy men of the european nations because of the future wealth they could hold in the new land. Others came across as indentured servants.
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
Why was England ready to expand in the 1580s?
Acts passed in 1660 passed by British parliament to increase colonial dependence on Great Britain for trade; limited goods that were exported to colonies; caused great resentment in American colonies.
Life in the Chesapeake
Men came to seek wealth, many indentured servants,
bad male to female ratio (4/5:1), slow population growth (low life expectancy)
King Philip's War
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
What kind of people were likely candidate's to be accused and convicted of witchcraft?
Most of the people convicted were women and were poor. It happened to those who had suspicious things happen when they were near.
A rebellion lead by Nathaniel Bacon with backcountry farmers to attack Native Americans in an attempt to gain more land
Consequences of Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon died of fever a month later and the rebellion fell apart, Virginia's wealthy planters were shaken by the fact that a rebel militia that united white and black servants and slaves had destroyed the colonial capital
Transition from Indentured servitude to slavery
Land owners saw newly freed indentured servants as a threat to their land, so they turned to slaves because it is more profitable and ever-renewable source of labor
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War
African-American landowner in Virginia. Was at first an indentured servant. (1620) Tobacco farmer. Died in 1670.
South Carolina 1600s
A 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws
New Netherland/New York
Originally a Dutch colony that was eventually taken over by the British and renamed. Extremely diverse colony of Dutch, English, Scandinavians, Germans, French, and Africans.
Slavery in Low-country
Task system, plantations are close together, most households have slaves (averaged 43), Charleston (Big city), sizable free black population, more slaves directly imported from Africa
Slavery in Chesapeake
Gang system, plantations are spread apart, most households have few slaves (average 4), no urban center, very few slaves, overtime fewer slaves directly imported from Africa (Lost tribal and culture roots)
Covenant Chain of Friendship
It was between English colonies and the Iroquois confederacy, these treaties and councils covered such contentious matters as trade, settlement, and the resolution of episodes of violence between colonial-settlers and the Iroquois.
Pennsylvania "The best poor mans country"
Their motto was "Equal rights, equal opportunity," the land was very good for soil and farming, wheat was the most prominent crop. Their ethnic diversity was german, dutch, and Irish settlers. Religion was a choice and many quakers resided there.
What was William Penn's relationship with Natives?
He demanded some sort of purchase of land from Natives because it was their land, after he passed away the tradition did not go on, but was praised by the natives
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