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107 terms

English III (Boham) Final Exam Vocab

2010-2011
STUDY
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raze
(v) to level to the ground; to blot out or demolish
recalcitrant
1. (adj) stubbornly resistant to reason or authority 2. (n) a perverse or wayward person
recant
(v) to withdraw formally or publicly
reciprocate
(v) to give in return for, or in response to, something already given
recrimination
(n) the act of answering one accusation with another; a bitter reply
redundant
(adj) unnecessarily repetitive or superfluous; more than what is normally considered adequate or necessary
relent
(v) to become less harsh or severe; to let up or slacken
reminiscence
(n) the act of recalling the past; a memory
remorse
(n) anguish, self-reproach or bitter regret for wrongdoing
renegade
1. (n) a person who deserts one cause or group for another 2. (adj) disloyal or traitorous
repercussion
(n) an indirect effect or result produced by an event or action
replenish
(v) to refill or provide a new supply of
reprisal
(n) retaliation in kind for injuries received
rescind
(v) to cancel or withdraw
resilient
1. (adj) springy or flexible; able to resume its original shape 2. (adj) able to recover quickly from sickness, change, or misfortune
reticent
(adj) disinclined to speak out; reserved or restrained
retribution
(n) just payment for something else, especially a punishment
retroactive
(adj) applying or referring to a period prior to enactment
reverberate
(v) to echo over and over again; to resound
revere
(v) to hold in great awe, esteem, or respect
ritual
(n) a prescribed form or order for some kind of ceremony; something that is regularly and faithfully practiced
rudiment
(n) a basic principle, element, or skill
ruminate
1. (v) to chew cud (as it applies to cows, etc) 2. (v) to ponder at length; to turn over in one's mind
ruse
(n) an action or device designed to confuse or mislead
sabotage
1. (v) to hamper, injure, or destroy maliciously or stealthily 2. (n) malicious damage, destruction, or hindrance of something
sacrilegious
(adj) wickedly disrespectful of sacred or revered things
salient
1. (n) an outward projection in a military position; anything that protrudes beyond its surroundings 2. (adj) prominent or conspicuous
sanctimonious
(adj) making a great but insincere show of being holy or righteous, usually for the purpose of impressing others
sanguine
1. (adj) reddish or ruddy 2. (adj) cheerfully confident or optimistic
satellite
1. (n) a natural or artificial body revolving around a celestial body of larger size 2. (n) a country that is under the domination or influence of a larger or more powerful country 3. (adj) dependent
prolix
(adj) unduly prolonged or drawn out
reprobate
(v) to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil
wan
(adj) suggestive of poor health; lacking vitality
hegemony
(n) preponderant influence or authority over others
jingoism
(n) extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a belligerent foreign policy
glass ceiling
(n) an intangible barrier within a hierarchy that prevents women or minorities from obtaining upper-level positions
vociferate
(v) to utter loudly
sonorous
(adj) producing sound, as when struck
dulcet
(adj) sweet to the taste
euphonious
(adj) pleasing to the ear
succor
(n) relief; aid, help
superannuate
(v) to make, declare, or prove obsolete or out-of-date
scapegoat
(n) someone or something that is innocently made to bear the blame or punishment for the sins or misdeeds of others
schism
(n) a split or division within the ranks of an organization
scrutinize
(v) to examine closely or critically
secular
(adj) not religious; pertaining to worldly matters; pertaining to the state
senile
(adj) showing the signs of old age, especially advanced mental or physical deterioration
solace
1. (n) comfort or consolation in sorrow, distress, or misfortune 2. (v) to comfort or console
sordid
1. (adj) filthy and mean 2. (adj) morally degrading or reprehensible
stamina
(n) endurance; the moral or physical strength required to withstand hardships or overcome obstacles
stereotype
1. (n) a conventional, usually oversimplified, conception or representation of something 2. (v) to force into a uniform, and usually oversimplified, mole; to develop a fixed and unvarying idea about
stigmatize
(v) to brand or characterize as blemished or disgraceful
stipulate
(v) to specify or demand as a condition for agreement; to guarantee or affirm
strategy
1. (n) an overall plan of action designed to achieve a specific goal 2. (n) the science of planning and directing such an operation
strident
(adj) loud and harsh in sound
surveillance
(n) close observation of a person or group considered suspicious; a continuous watch for the purpose of direction or control
syndrome
(n) a group of traits, symptoms, or signs that collectively characterize a disease or social condition
tacit
(adj) unspoken; implied or inferred
taciturn
(adj) habitually untalkative
tangible
(adj) capable of being touched; real or concrete
tenable
(adj) capable of being defended or maintained
tentative
(adj) in the nature of an experiment or trial; uncertain
thwart
(v) to block or frustrate
tranquil
(adj) peaceful and quiet; free of mental agitation
traumatic
(adj) so shocking as to produce a lasting psychological effect
trenchant
(adj) perceptive and forceful; cutting
turbulent
(adj) violently agitated or disturbed; restless or unruly
ubiquitous
(adj) being or seeming to be everywhere
urbane
(adj) refined, elegant, and sophisticated in manner or style
usurp
(v) to seize a power, office, function, or the like without any legal right to do so
vagary
(n) a bizarre or eccentric idea, action, or condition
venal
(adj) open to, or marked by, bribery or corruption
veneer
1. (n) a deceptively attractive outward appearance 2. (v) to cover something with a veneer of fine material
venerable
(adj) worthy of reverence or respect because of character, position, age, or religious or historical associations
veracity
(n) habitual adherence to the truth; accuracy
versatile
(adj) capable of doing many things or serving many functions
veto
1. (n) the right or power of the chief executive to reject measures approved by the legislative body 2. (v) to prevent a bill from becoming law by exercising the right of veto; to prohibit or reject
vie
(v) to struggle for superiority with; to contend with
vindictive
(adj) inclined to seek revenge; intended to inflict pain or harm
vitiate
(v) to impair the quality, force, or value of; to debase
volatile
1. (adj) evaporating readily at normal temperatures or pressure levels 2. (adj) changeable and potentially explosive
wane
1. (v) to decrease gradually in size, extent, power, or intensity 2. (n) a gradual decline or decrease
wrath
(n) intense anger
yoke
1. (n) any form or symbol of bondage or subjection 2. (v) to join or bond together
zany
1. (n) a comical person given to outlandish behavior; a buffoon 2. (adj) ludicrously comic, bizarre, or absurd
zeal
(n) enthusiastic devotion to something; fervor
zenith
1. (n) the point of a celestial sphere that is directly above the observer and vertically opposite the extreme point below 2. (n) the highest point or state of something
Byronic
(adj) arrogant, cunning, sensual, dangerous
Keynesian
(adj) economic policies based on the premise that the public sector should balance or regulate the excesses of the private sector
Chaucerian
(adj) bawdy, lively, featuring characters from a variety of socio-economic backgrounds
Joycean
(adj) high degree of verbal wordplay, stream of consciousness, experimental techniques
Marxist
(adj) economic and social policies that reflect the values of communism by prioritizing the rights of the proletariat
Aristotelian
(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes direct observation and the use of logic/reason
Edwardian
(adj) period of British culture defined by loosened moral standards and artistic experimentation the beginning of the modern age in England
Kafkaesque
(adj) marked by a senseless, disorienting, often menacing complexity/ surreal distortion/ a sense of impending danger
Jeffersonian
(adj) political policies that emphasize personal liberty and the pursuit of happiness/prosperity
Elizabethan
(adj) referring to the political, cultural, and artistic events of Elizabeth's reign, a Golden Age of British culture and influence
Platonic
(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes idealism
Thomistic
(adj) a scientific/logical approach to matters of divinity and theology
Dickensian
(adj) involving diverse characters from all socio-economic classes, while focusing on the plight of the lower classes / big, sprawling narrative
Napoleonic
(adj) conquest, imperialism, power, vast ambition
Socratic
(adj) philosophical method that prioritizes self-examination, dialogue, and inquiry
Freudian
(adj) psychological insight related to infantile development, the subconscious, dreams, family relationships, etc.
Machiavellian
(adj) political strategy that emphasizes the ends over the means / ruthless expedient
Shavian
(adj) biting sense of humor / leftist political beliefs / social criticism and satire
Darwinian
(adj) having to do with evolution, the survival of the fittest, natural selection, etc.
Rabelaisian
(adj) bawdy humor, esp. sexual, scatological