that 1 test 4 that 1 class :-/
Terms in this set (65)
The first step toward guaranteeing the rights of English nobles and freemen was the
When English nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta, he agreed that he was
Not above the law
English colonists shared all of the political values except
Right to change the government
There were similarities and differences between colonial governments and England's Parliament. For example, colonial assemblies were elected like the
House of Common
In the colonies the _______ were appointed by the governor and acted as the highest court in the land.
Which entity was appointed by the British crown?
Why did the relationship between colonial government and Parliament cause tension?
Colonial governments wanted no interference from Parliament
William and Mary became the new monarchs of England as a result of
the Glorious Revolution
The principle that the monarch could not cancel or impose laws without the approval of Parliament was established by
the English Bill of Rights
How did the political changes in England affect colonial rights?
After the Glorious Revolution, colonists regained some rights
John Peter Zenger, publisher of the New York Weekly Journal, stood trial for printing the criticism of
New York's governor
The right of freedom of the press in the colonies was established by the trial of
John Peter Zenger
What was a cause of the French and Indian War?
Conflict between European fur traders in the Ohio Valley
The __________ was the first formal proposal to unite the colonies.
Albany Plan of Union
English governor appointed by the King to rule the reorganized northern colonies.
Name for the events of 1688-1689, during which the English Parliament invited William and Mary to replace James II as monarchs.
Why did Parliament pass new laws governing the colonies?
Britain needed money to pay off debt and cover the cost of protecting and ruling the colonies
How did Parliament's new laws reflect a change in British treatment of the colonies?
Before the French and Indian War, the colonists mainly governed themselves
The purpose of the Quartering Act was to require the colonies to
Provide housing for British soldiers
Who was Patrick Henry?
Virginia leader who called for resistance to the Stamp Act
Why did the Proclamation of 1763 anger colonists?
It prevented westward expansion
The British law that taxed all legal and commercial documents was the
How did the colonists get the stamp act repealed?
The used formal protests, such as letters to the King, boycotts of British goods, and violent protests
What was the goal of secret societies such as the Sons of Liberty?
To oppose British policies and organize protests
In what ways did the Townshend Acts attack colonists' rights and freedoms?
The acts placed duties on certain imported goods without colonial consent. They also gave British officials authority to search homes using writs of assistance
Colonists destroyed the cargoes of British ships in the Boston Harbor to protest which law passed by the Parliament in 1773?
the Tea Act
How did the other colonies respond to the Intolerable Acts?
Offered support to Massachusetts and the First Continental Congress was organized
Why did British General Gage send troops to Lexington and Concord?
He learned that the Massachusetts militia was storing arms in Concord and that john Hancock and Samuel Adams were in Lexington
What was the purpose and outcome of the Olive Branch Petition?
Moderate colonial leaders asked the king to restore harmony; the king considered colonies in a state of rebellion and vowed to harshly punish
What was the purpose of the Second Continental Congress?
To serve as America's government during the war
What did the Second Continental Congress agree to create in 1775?
the Continental Army
Which delegate of the Second Continental Congress was chosen as the commanding general of the Continental Army?
What events lead to the Revolution (in chronological order)?
Lexington and Concord; Battle of Bunker/Breed's hill; Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson was chosen by colonial leaders to write the Declaration of Independence because
He was from Virginia and he was a good writer
What does the Declaration of Independence say about the government and the rights of people?
If a government doesn't protect the rights of the people. the people may abolish it and form a new one
What are the main points of Thomas Paine's book Common Sense?
All monarchies are corrupt and there are economic benefits to being free of Britain
Determine the chronological order for the following events: Townshend Acts, Sugar Act, Proclamation of 1763, Stamp Act, Boston Massacre
Proclamation of 1763, Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townshend Acts, Boston Massacre
American colonists who supported the British
Leader of a Patriot group of fights known as the Green Mountain Boys
Ethan Allen (get it bc mr allen looks like a boyscout)
Boston silversmith who rode into the countryside to spread news of British troop movement
American colonists who sided with the rebels
True or False: As a part of the Tea Act the British government closed the port of Boston until colonists paid for the destroyed tea from the Boston Tea Party
True or False: The Declaration of Independence was drafted and voted on during the First Continental Congress Meeting
True or False: Paul Revere was the only rider to carry the message of British troops moving to Concord
An important voice of reason during this colonial period. He believed in the rule of law and was called upon to defend British soldiers after the Boston Massacre
A sailor of African-American ancestry. He was a casualty of the Boston Massacre
The British monarch who wanted to enforce the Proclamation in order to keep peace with the Native American allies
Member of the Sons of Liberty who started a drive to form committees of correspondence in various New England Towns
True or False: The British were unprepared for the uprising of civillians
True or False: The British suffered from slow communications during the Revolutionary War
Battle of Yorktown
Washingtons Winter at Valley Forge
British capture Charleston, SC
British capture Savannah, GA
E B D C A
Why did Britain decide to move the war to the South?
a) Britain didn't have enough troops to control the North
b) Britain believed most Southerners were loyalists
c) Britain expected enslaved Southerners to escape and join their side
d) all of the above
The french fleet helped the Americans at the Battle of Yorktown by:
Stopping Cornwallis' troops from escaping by sea
The battle of Charleston was a disaster for the Americans because:
They lost almost their entire Southern Army
One disadvantage the British had during the Revolutionary War was that:
They were forced to fight on many fronts
Instead of back pay, many American soldiers were given:
Certificates of land in the West
According to the terms of the Treaty of Paris, the United States
Had southern boundary of Spanish Florida
As a result of the war, thousands of veterans were:
Left with disabilities, such as amputations
After the Treaty of Paris, Native Americans felt betrayed because:
The British handed over their lands to the US
After the war, new laws were passed that:
Ended the practice of using tax money to support churches
The Americans lost almost their entire Southern Army at the Battle of
The Britishh Army general whose surrender signaled Great Britain's defeat in the war was
What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War?
the Battle of Yorktown
Why did many African Americans join British forces in the war?
The British promised enslaved persons their freedom if they joined the war
Which of the following was a major reason the Americans won the war?
a)The American force was better trained and more experienced
b)The Americans had better supplies and weapon
c)The American army had more troops.
d) The American cause was aided by civilians and rebel fighters