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Chapter 3--PSYCH-- Test
Terms in this set (40)
The brain consists of approximately 100 billion nerve cells called ____________.
The microscopic space between two neurons is called a(n) ____________.
The chemicals released at an axon terminal are called ____________.
Neurotransmitters are released at the ____________ ____________.
Acetylcholine, epinephrine, dopamine, and histamine are ____________.
Neurons make up ____________.
____________ make up nerves.
The fatty layer of tissue that gives many nerves w whitish color is called ____________.
The peripheral nervous system is composed of the ____________ and ____________.
somatic and autonomic
The function of sympathetic nervous system is to prepare the body for ____________ or ____________.
fight or flight
The role of the __________ nervous system is to relax the body and return it to a lower level of arousal.
The cerebral cortex is the ____________ ____________ ____ ______ ____________.
outer layer of the cerebrum
The cerebral cortex is composed of two sides or ____________.
The cerebral hemispheres are connected by a band of fibers called ____________ ____________.
John has some paralysis and loss of sensation in his right side after a motorcycle accident. It is likely that there is brain damage in the ____________ ____________.
Language and math are controlled by the ____________ ____________ of the brain.
In most people, the right hemisphere of the brain is in charged of ____________.
The brain center for hearing is in the ____________ lobe.
The visual area of the brain is located in the ____________ lobe.
Bodily sensations such as touch, temperature, and pressure register in which brain area?
The two main divisions of the central nervous system are the ____________ ____________ and ____________.
spinal cord and brain
The sense of smell depends on the ____________ lobe.
Which of the following is most closely associated with language comprehension?
The area of the frontal lobe which directs the body's muscles is called the ____________ ____________.
The pituitary gland is known as the "master gland" because it ____________________________________________________________________________________.
secrets many hormones that effect a wide range of behaviors especially in women.
Which of the following changes would you expect to occur in someone whose frontal lobes were damaged in an accident (ex: Phineas Gage)?
reduced emotionality/changes in personality
The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found in the ____________.
The pons act as a bridge between the medulla and other brain areas and influences ____________ and ____________.
sleep and arousal
Synapses are located between _____________________________________.
axons of one neuron and dendrites of another
The ____________ is a part of the brain that stores lasting memories.
The characteristic of children's brains which allows for flexibility in brain organization is called ____________.
What is the term for "covered up, can't see"?
What is the term for "on the outside, able to be seen"?
What is the term for "to look within"?
What is the term for "no medicinal value, sugar pill"?
What is the term for "factors that can vary"?
What is the term for "the factor that researchers manipulate"?
What is the term for "depends on the independent variable"?
What is the term for "measures how closely one thing is related to another"?
What is the term for "predisposition to a certain point of view despite what the facts suggest"?
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