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apush 35 and 36
Terms in this set (25)
-military strategy used by the US navy in the war against japan during ww2.
-captured islands near japanese defense locations to make it easier to attack.
marshal erwin rommel
-german general that moved east to North Africa toward Egypt.
-was caught plotting to assassinate hitler
-died by forced suicide
dwight d eisenhower
-American general who led his troops to victory in North Africa during WW2.
-was put in command for d-day.
-became the 34th president because of his earlier successes
(code name for Battle of Normandy)
-the D-Day attack of Allied troops
-an allied operation that launched invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during WW2
-June 6, 1944
-Led by Eisenhower
-over a million troops stormed beaches at Normandy & began the process of re-taking France.
-The turning point of World War II.
harry s truman
-33rd U.S. prez
-succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945.
-Truman is known for making the decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in '45.
-plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy.
-called for elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled. millions were killed in concentration camps forced by Hitler
the manhattan project-to dropping of the bombs
-code for secret project set up in '42 for development of atomic bombs
-August 6 and August 9, bombs kept from a bloody battle.
-"little boy" and "fat man"
(labor management relations act)
-act created to help control labor unions
-Truman vetoed but congress overturned veto and the act was put into place
servicemen's readjustment act of 1944
-Signed into law by FDR on June 22, 1944
-provided veterans of WWII college funds, education, unemployment insurance, and housing.
booms of the 1950s-1970
-15 years following ww2
-everyone decided the world needed more kids in it.
-led to draw of social security
-policy providing economic & military aid to any country threatened
-mainly helped Greece and Turkey
-plan proposed by the Secretary of State for aiding the European nations in economic recovery after WWII
-stabilized and rebuilt their countries and prevented the spread of communism.
-founded in '48
-was part of the postwar issue
-set up a sovereign state inside of Palestine
national security act
-Passed in '47 in response to threats from the Soviet Union after WWII.
-established a reorganization of foreign policy.
- Gave office to each military branch
-(North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
-alliance made to defend if they were attacked by any other country
-also promised to respond with armed forces if necessary
communism in china
-'30s Chinese Civil War caused the rise of Communism. -war was between Nationalists (Jieshi) and Communists (Zedong).
-Ordered by Truman in '49, the first U.S. H-bomb exploded in '52.
-was 1,000 times more powerful than atomic bombs
-was opposed by scientists like Einstein.
-'38 (House Un-American Activities Committee)
-congressional committee that investigated communist influence inside and outside us gov
mccarran internal security
50 - Required Communists to register and prohibited them from working for the government. Truman described it as a long step toward totalitarianism. Was a response to the onset of the Korean war.
-Husband & wife executed for treason under for communist influence and trading atomic bomb secrets with the Soviet Union
-were accused of being Russian spies
election of 1948
-liberals; Truman and conservatives; dewey
-liberals continued a winning streak and also gained back the house
-economic extension of the New Deal proposed by Truman
-called for higher minimum wage, housing & full employment.
-led only to Housing Act of '49 and the Social Security Act of '50 due to opposition in congress.
June 25, 1950
-North Korea invaded South Korea.
-The United Nations came to aid South Korea. -China came to the aid of North Korea, and the Soviet Union gave some assistance.
-U.S. general ww2
-attacked North Korea & wanted to push them back to china
-relieved of command due to insubordination; he returned to NYC and was very praised
-HE WAS LOVED BY MANY
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