Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 7 StudyMate flashcards
Terms in this set (21)
assumes that labeling someone as a deviant increases the chances that the labeled person will continue to commit deviance, growing a self-image the leads them towards further destructive behaviors.
weakened social bonds and social institutions; make it difficult for children in the area to be properly socialized and monitor suspicious behaviors.
Social Ecology Approach
a school of thought that stresses certain social and physical characteristics of urban neighborhoods raise the odds of people from that area will commit deviance and crime.
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)
came about in the early 1970s, was formed of tens of thousands of randomly selected US households were asked whether they or their residence has been the victim of several different types of crimes within the past half year.
a crime committed as part of one's occupation; and typically ranges from fraudulent repairs by auto repair shops to corruption in the high-finance industry to unsafe products and workplaces in some of our largest corporations.
deviance has several functions: (a) it clarifies norms and increases conformity, (b) it strengthens social bonds among the people reacting to the deviant, and (c) it can help lead to positive social change.
Social control theory
also known as social bonding theory, states that people's bonds to conventional social institutions such as the family and the school keep them from violating social norms.
Part one offenses
the eight felonies that the FBI considers to be the most heinous and serious.
Strain Theory (Merton)
deviance among the poor results from a gap between the cultural emphasis on economic success and the inability to achieve such success through the legitimate means of working.
subjects, usually adolescents, are given an anonymous questionnaire and are asked to indicate whether and how often they committed various offenses in a specific time period, typically within the past year. Questions also inquired about family relationships, school performance, and various other aspects of their background.
Subculture of violence
in some inner-city areas, a subculture of violence promotes a violent response to insults and other problems, which people in middle-class areas would likely ignore. Mostly males living in the lower-class area feel the need to "prove" themselves in view of their economic failure.
a behavior that violates social norms and arouses negative social reactions; some behavior is considered so harmful that governments enact written laws than ban the behavior(s).
the violent and property offenses that worry average citizens more than any other type of crime.
Differential Association Theory (Sutherland)
states that criminal behavior is learned by interacting by close friends and family members.
a illegal behavior in which people willingly engage and in which there are no unwilling victims (examples: drug use, prostitution, pornography, and gambling).
Status Frustration Theory
a theory that states lower-class boys do poorly in school because schools emphasize middle-class values.
poverty and other community conditions give rise to certain subcultures through which adolescents acquire values that promote deviant behavior.
Differential Opportunity Theory
Edwin H. Sutherland argued that criminal behavior is learned by interacting with close friends and family members who teach us how to commit various crimes and also about the values, motives, and rationalizations we need to adopt in order to justify breaking the law.
a behavior that violates these laws and is certainly an important type of deviance that concerns many Americans.
refers to ways in which a society tries to prevent and sanction behavior that violates norms.
Sets found in the same folder
Chapter 6 Quiz
Chapter 7 Quiz
Chapter 9/10 Quiz
Other sets by this creator
Quiz 5 - Language and Communication
Quiz 5 - Early Childhood - Body and Mind
Week 5: Pre-lab Assignment Physical and Chemical C…
Other Quizlet sets
EXAM 1 ASTRONOMY
Nutrition Exam #3
Physiology of Pregnancy
Modalities Exam 1