Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Human Rights Midterm
Terms in this set (48)
What 'precursors' after the fact have been created for human rights?
Medieval natural law
Atlantic revolutions in the United States and France
What is the problem of tying today's human rights to previous understandings of rights
Previous understandings of rights were thought to apply only to citizens within bounded communities
Why shouldn't we reclaim women's rights and workers' rights as precursors of human rights?
Because these movements simply wanted to have citizenship rights extended to them, rather than reaching outside the state
With what movement was the word 'internationalism' most often associated before the dominance of human rights?
With international socialism
What are the problems with the mythical origins of human rights? Select ALL that apply
They distract from the real conditions of HRs historical development
They produce conceptual confusion between rights and human rights
Why was the language of rights during the Great Depression not considered progressive?
It was focused on furthering welfare rights
According to Stanton, when did the language of natural rights emerge?
It emerged in Europe in the medieval period
According to Stanton, what was the original understanding of the Roman jus?
Something objectively right or just that specified what was due between persons
According to Schröder, what was the source of the universal claims of natural law?
The source of the universal claims was the assumption that all rational beings were able to grasp and thus follow dictates of right reason
According to Schröder, what was Hobbes' goal when he constructed the state of nature?
To demonstrate compellingly the need to leave the state of nature
Which among the following are critiques that Bentham levels against the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen?
Confusion of can with ought
Incitement to insurrection
What does Burke mean that the science of government is not an a priori science?
He means that the science of goverment is experiemental
According to Burke, on what two principles has the civilization of Europe depended?
Gentleman principles and religion
Why does Burke value "prejudices" as opposed to "reason"?
Because prejudices contain wisdom and virtue
What does the contemporary notion of rights imply?
Individual powers that allow individuals to make claims based on rights
Why is there no space for sociability in Hobbes's theory of natural law?
Everyone has the right to everything
How did the French Revolution transform power?
It expanded the access of political power beyond nobility to the bourgeoisie
According to Burke, what is the best way to proceed with government reform?
Marginal reform over inherited institutions
According to Kant, is the Republican constitution conductive to Perpetual Peace?
Yes, because citizens will consider all possible calamities before committing to a war.
What is the distinction between Kant's concept of democracy and his concept of Republic?
A Republic is representative, while in a democracy everyone wants to rule
What is a federation of nations?
A contract resembling the civil one guaranteeing the rights of states
What is the origin of the common ownership of the earth?
The simple geographical fact that the earth is a globe
What are Kant's 3 Realms of Right?
According to Kant, what is the only way to guarantee peace?
A union or federation to regulate relations between states
According to the UN Declaration of Human Rights, where can victims of human rights violations seek remedy?
In the "competent national tribunals"
Why does Mazower find the "Holocaust" explanation of human rights insufficient?
Because the Holocaust was not as central to perceptions of what the war was about as it is today
What was—according to Mazower—legal theorist Hans Kelsen's conception of rights?
A right consists only in the legal possibility to invoke a court.
What are national minorities?
They are political outsiders whose identities do not fit the prevalent identity of the state in which they reside.
According to Moyn, what other promise present in the Atlantic charter did human rights displace?
Which question, according to Moyn, was genuinely pressing in the postwar?
The question of social welfare
According to Moyn, what does the participation of non-Western diplomats say about the multicultural credentials of the UN Declaration?
Not much, because most of them were schooled in the West
According to Moyn, what group did adopt human rights in the post-war?
European Christian conservatives
After what meeting did nation or national belonging become the relevant category for majority and minority?
Congress of Vienna
What are realpolitik human rights?
Declaring human rights untouchedwithout letting them affect the interests of the most powerful states
True or False: Self-determination was promised in the Dumbarton Oaks Conference (1944).
How did the NAACP and W.E.B. Du Bois use human rights language in the U.S.?
They submitted a petition to the United Nation recommending the organization study the exclusion of African Americans in areas like voting, education, and health.
According to Moyn, what mattered most to Ho Chi Minh, the Vietnamese anticolonialist?
Postcolonial, collective liberation from empire
Why did the covenants expanding on the UN declaration eventually come out in 1976?
Because the newly independent states (former colonies) broke the deadlock of the cold war and allowed human rights to progress as a legal project in the UN forum
What did the NAACP/Du Bois' UN petition "An Appeal to the World" claim?
That African-American subordination was a human rights violation
Does the existence of bill of rights in the constitutions of newly independent countries prove the force of the idea of human rights?
No, if we understand human rights as international laws, to the extent that constitutions were supposed to establish state sovereignty
According to Moyn, which model of human rights advocacy was inaugurated by Amnesty International?
Grassroots human rights advocacy
According to Moyn, what role did the UN play as a forum within the new model of advocacy inaugurated by Amnesty International?
The UN was marginalized as a forum
According to Moyn, why did the language of human rights permeate Latin American leftist activists?
Because the space for radical activism was closing off domestically
According to Moyn, which political causes did the new framework of human rights leave out in Latin America?
Radical claims for social change
Why did Black activists in the U.S., such as Malcolm X, start identifying with transnational struggles?
They could relate to the experiences of those under colonialism more than with other emancipated groups in the U.S.
At which meeting did world powers first agree to the necessity of a new international organization that would replace the League of Nations?
According to Moyn, human rights discourse presumes that morality runs parallel to and should take precedence over:
Human rights organizations focus on victims of what kind of repression?
Other sets by this creator
french exam #2
wgss exam 2
political science exam #2
geography exam #2
Other Quizlet sets
Taylor Swift Song Lyrics
Marketing chapter 1 and 2
Ecology Test 3
SOCA 101 Exam 1