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Terms in this set (104)
What is the correct sequence of the level of organization?
chemical, cellular, tissue, organism
The ______ position is the reference position for all directional terms.
The relationship between the skin and bones is:
The skin is superficial to the bones
A cut that divides the body into upper and lower portions is called
The relationship between the heart and shoulders is that the
heart is medial to the shoulders
At which cavity can you find the mediastinum?
An example of a midsagittal section is
between right and left eyes
Which section shows the breasts on the same side?
towards the nose and mouth
lying face up
The chest muscle (pectoral muscle) is an example of a/an
sole of the foot
initiates immune response
carries out exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body
Which characteristic does not describe living things?
regulates body temperature & synthesizes vitamin D
on the same side of the body
The heart is _____________ to the ribs
posterior aspect of the elbow
The small intestine is found in the _____ region.
The serous membrane that directly surrounds the hearts is the___
The large intestine is in the ___ region
Toward the belly side if the body
Which of the following contains thymine as its nucleotide ?
A nucleic acid with two strands wound together
Substance in the plasma membrane as receptor of other substances
Stabilizes the plasma membrane or prevents it from falling apart
Digestive bags of the cell
Powerhouse of the cell
Cell actively take sin fluids and dissolved substances
What is the complementary pair of following strand ATGGCTA
Microscope that provides 2-D image of specimen
Holds cells together to form tissues
Polar or hydrophilic regin of cell membrane
Which factor does not affect transport of substances through the plasma membrane?
Which process is not a type of dialysis
Lon pump is an example of ____
Large proteins are transported through
Which structures are not found in the cytoplasm
Make and store lipids as wells as metabolizes carbohydrates
Release of lysosomal enzymes to digest the cell
Made of tubulin and found in cilia and flagella
Attaches of chromosomes during cell division
Each chromosomes contains a single long _____ molecule.
A double membrane structure with nuclear pores
The type of tissue that protects, binds organs, and supports organs is the
The following substances are found in the extracellular matrix of connective tissues except
Which among the following types of transport processes across the cell membrane is incorrect?
Bulk filtration is the movement of large molecules across the plasma membrane.
The __________ is the body system that regulates body temperature.
The neck is _________ to the trunk.
Which statement incorrectly describes meiosis I?
The cell in telophase I has single chromosomes.
Which statement incorrectly describes meiosis II?
Single chromosomes move to the metaphase/equatorial plate (center of the cell) during metaphase II.
If the person's lymph nodes are damaged, which fibers are destroyed?
What happens to cells if the tight junctions are defective?
substances leak out between cells
Which human body region is described correctly?
Radial is the lateral aspect of the forearm.
The study of tissues is the study of ____________ anatomy.
Which among the following functions does not belong to epithelial cells?
Secretion through endocrine glands
The cell undergoes ____________ before mitosis takes place.
Why is the cell membrane considered a selectively permeable barrier?
Regulates the passage of substances
The following descriptions of body structure locations using directional terms are correct except
The stomach is superior to the heart.
Which among the following events happens during mitosis?
Chromosomes move to the opposite poles in anaphase.
Which among the following inclusions is a substance used in making energy (ATP) for the cell?
What makes epithelial cells unique?
With apical and basal surfaces
Lysosomal enzymes are released as the cell dies, and the enzymes digest the cell itself, a process called
Which cell structure attaches to chromosomes to move the chromosomes during cell division?
Read the following statements.
Statement A: Pseudostratified epithelium is similar to simple epithelium with one layer of cells.
Statement B: Stratified epithelium is found in organs that allow diffusion of gases.
Only statement A is correct.
Which among the following tissue types do not have blood vessels?
Microtubules are proteins that have the following functions except _________.
Provide support between cells
Cartilage cells are called
Why does the polar region of the cell membrane interact with water?
Cell membrane and water are both polar substances.
Epithelial tissue made up of polyhedral or flattened cells in multiple layers is
Which statement is incorrect?
The nuclear envelope makes proteins.
Which cells are excitable but do not lead to the formation of tumors?
What happens during the normal process of exocytosis?
Vesicle formation, fusion with cell membrane, invagination of cell membrane, release of vesicles
The proteins transported by the rough ER are used for the following functions except ________________.
incorporation into the Golgi body.
Defective immune cells that cannot identify foreign from self-cells have defects in their ______________________ proteins of the plasma membrane.
Peripheral proteins attach integral proteins to the organelles.
The following substances are secreted by glands except ___________.
The following cells of connective tissue proper correspond to their functions except
Osteocytes for bone formation
Which body system distributes hormones, nutrients, and gases?
The following organs are found in their corresponding body cavities except
The vertebral canal is in the anterior cavity.
In which region is the urinary bladder located?
Which among the following statements is true?
The mediastinum contains the pericardial cavity, thymus, trachea, esophagus, & major blood vessels.
The knees are ____________ to the navel.
When the cell needs lipids, which organelle provides lipids to the cell?
smooth endoplasmic reituculum
A horizontal plane between the abdomen and heart is __________.
The following types of connective tissue proper are found in their corresponding organs except
Areolar in the liver
A vertical plane between the right and left eyes is ___________.
The following tissue types match with their locations/examples except
Dense irregular connective tissue of the epidermis
Which organelle uses catalase to detoxify toxins and poisons inside the cell?
The following connective tissue classifications match with their types except
Reticular is dense connective tissue.
The most diverse, abundant, and found in most parts of the body are the ____________ tissues.
The __________ is the body system that transports and filters interstitial fluid.
A person who abnormally bleeds even with small wounds may have lower than normal ____________.
Which basic part of the cell contains vitamins, minerals, water, & other substances?
The following organelles have their own membranes except for _________.
Identify the correct structural organization of the human body from the simplest to the most complex structures.
Atoms, cells, tissues, systems
Which body system supports and protects the body?
Hyaline is the weakest among the supporting tissues because they ________________.
lack protein fibers
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