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What is Psychology?
Terms in this set (20)
Astrology is considered a science because it is grounded in scientific research.
Summarize how psychology is considered a science.
Psychology is considered a science because it uses a systematic method of learning about behavior and cognitive processes. That is, its results are reproducible, its theories are falsifiable, its failures are studied closely, it discards or revises theories, and it attempts to develop solutions to problems.
In a paragraph, explain three differences between a science and a pseudoscience.
Three differences between a science and a pseudoscience are that scientific theories must be falsifiable, and pseudoscientific theories aren't falsifiable, you must be able to reproduce results and pseudoscientific results cant be reproduced, and theories must be grounded in scientific research, while pseudoscientific theories aren't grounded in research.
Unlike psychology, the primary focus in sociology is to study how __________ affect behavior.
B: Social influences.
(Not emotions, not cognitive processes, not individual goals.)
Blood pressure is a cognitive process because it is observable with lab equipment
One of the goals of psychology is to predict future behavior or mental processes. Which of the following scenarios best illustrates this goal?
C: the psychologist tells Michael that his basketball performance will improve when his anxiety levels are moderated.
The psychologist measures Michael's heart rate and bodily functions to better describe his behavior.
The psychologist helps Michael develop strategies to manage his anxiety levels so he can focus on the game.
After careful research, the psychologist explains that Michael's intense feelings of anxiety are hindering his basketball performance.)
In a paragraph, compare and contrast psychologists and psychiatrists
Some similarities between psychologists and psychiatrists ae they both treat people with varying problems and disorders, they can both diagnose, and they practice psychotherapy. Some differences are psychologists obtain doctoral degrees while psychiatrists obtain medical degrees, and psychiatrists can prescribe medication while most psychologists cannot.
All but one of the following are studies done in sociology. Which one best illustrates a study done in psychology?
C: A study that shows how Katrina's stress levels contribute to her obsessive exercise habits.
(True but not the answer:A.
a study that shows how Marissa's study habits change when she is at the library with her friends
a study that shows how Joey's clownish behavior only occurs when he is around his peers
a study that shows how Lisa's obsession with snowboarding is caused by her group of friends)
Psychology is considered a social science, yet it has foundations in the natural sciences.
In your own words, define psychology.
A social science that studies the behavior and cognitive processes of humans and animals.
Love, which can't be observed or measured directly, is an example of a psychological construct.
Which of the following is not considered a behavior?
Psychologists only focus on how people think and feel.
A psychologist has to obtain a medical degree to diagnose and treat people with disorders
Which of the following statements about psychological constructs is true?
B: Psychological constructs represent concepts that cannot be observed or measured directly.
A.Psychological constructs are easy to define and measure.
C.Psychological constructs cannot be researched in psychology because they are unobservable.
D.Psychological constructs represent measurable overt behavior.
Psychology is considered a science because it uses a systematic method of asking and answering questions.
Karl Popper, a 20th-century philosopher, claimed that genuine scientific theories are __________.
Which of the following is not considered a natural science?
(Natural sciences are: Chemistry, biology, and physics)
The goals of psychology are the same as the goals of science, except that in psychology, the focus is on______ and ___________.
C: behavior and cognitive processes
A.behavior . . . biological causes
B.prediction . . . thinking
D.prediction . . . biological causes)
Social science is a branch of science that deals with the nature of _______.
A: human society
B.the physical world
D.the medical field
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