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HESI vocabulary word
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Terms in this set (133)
to choose not to do something
example : the dental hygienist instructed the patient to abstain from smoking to improve his breath odor
To be responsible. (EX: Paramedics are accountable for maintaining up-to-date knowledge or resuscitation techniques.)
sudden, intense. ( Example : the nurse administered the prescribed medication to the patient who was experiencing acute pain after surgery )
To hold fast or stick together. (EX: The tape must adhere to the patient's skin to hold the bandage in place.)
Not helpful; harmful ( Ex. vomiting is an adverse effect of many medication )
a shield; protection ( Ex. unit staffing decisions are under the aegis of the nurse manger )
Having mixed feelings ( Ex. after learning that she had breast cancer the patient was ambivalent about a having mastectomy )
To place, put on, or spread something
Ex: The nurse will apply the medication to the wound before covering the wound with a bandage
to give consent; to agree ( Ex. the patient was asked to assent to the surgery by signing the informed consent document )
Able to be heard. (EX: The respiratory therapist noted the patient's audible wheezing as a symptom of the patient's asthma.
single-celled microorganisms ( Ex. the physician ordered laboratory test to confirm that the patients illness was caused by bacteria rather than a virus )
both sides ( Ex. the unlicensed assistive personnel reported to the nurse that the patient had bilateral weakness in the legs when walking )
pertaining to the heart ( Ex. smoking increases the risk of cardiac disease )
an opening or an empty area
Ex: The nurse inspected the patient's oral cavity for lesions.
Come to an end or bring to an end.
Ex: Because the patient's breathing had ceased, the paramedic began resuscitation measures.
arrangement of events in time
Offsetting or making up for something
Ex: When the patient's blood pressure decreased, the paramedic noted that the heart rate increased, which the paramedic recognized as a compensatory action
Rounded inward ( Ex. the dietician noticed that the patient was very thin and that the patients abdomen appeared concave
brief and to the point ( Ex. when teaching a patient the nurse tried to concise so that the instructions would be easy to remember
degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is in relation to how it flows ( Ex. the respiratory therapist noticed mucus the patient was coughing was of a thin, watery consistency
To draw together or become smaller
Ex: The nurse knows that the small blood vessels of the skin will constrict when ice is applied to the skin.
Ex: The hygienist told the patient that a healthy mouth is contingent on careful daily brushing and flossing.
a reason something is not advisable or should not be done ( Ex. the patients excessive bleeding was a contriandiction for discharge from the hospital
having or causing convulsions violent shaking of the body ( Ex. epilepsy is a convulsive disorder )
hasty, not thorough ( Ex. during triage the paramedic gave each accident victim a cursory examination )
A deficiency or lack of something
downward measurement from a surface
Ex: The physician measures the depth of a wound by inserting a cotton swab into the wound.
Ex: The dental hygienist explains that the condition of the patient's gums is deteriorating and treatment by the dentist is needed right away.
Tool or piece of equipment
Identification of an injury or disease
to make larger; expand
To make a liquid less concentrated
Ex: The paramedic observed several discrete bruise marks on the patients body.
away from the center ( such as of the body )
Enlarged or expanded from pressure
Ex: When a blood vessel is distended, the laboratory technician can easily insert a needle to obtain a blood sample.
Impaired or abnormal functioning
the ability to understand and share the feelings of another
balance ( Ex.the nurse suspected that an ear infection was the cause of the patients lack of equilibrium )
study of the cause of disease
to make worse or more severe
To increase in size or amount
to come in contact
Straightening of a joint
Located outside the body
Extreme tiredness, exhaustion
Reddened or ruddy appearance
of or relating to the stomach and the intestines
Of or relating to blood
Maintenance of body fluid balance
measures contributing to cleanliness
Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level
occurring in the near future, about to happen
impenetrable, not allowing anything to pass through
to suggest without explicitly stating
occurrence ( Ex. in recent years there has been an increased incidence of infectious that do not respond to antibiotics )
Contamination or invasion of body tissue by pathogenic organisms
to conclude or deduce
Ex.when the patient started crying while receiving an injection, the nurse inferred that the patient was in pain
Reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender
To swallow for digestion
To begin or put into practice
so gradual as to not become apparent for a long time
In place, unharmed
Located within the body
Inserting or entering into a body part.
Ex: The laboratory technician is careful when obtaining blood samples because this invasive procedure may cause problems such as infection or bruising.
of or related to movement
Ex. kinetic energy from the battery of the medical assistant´s tablet caused the device to feel warm to the touch
Changing rapidly and often.
Ex: Because the child's temperature was very labile, the nurse instructed the unlicensed assistive personnel to check the temperature frequently.
Present but not active or visible
Ex. the latent infection produced symptoms only when the patient condition was weakened from another illness
on the side
Ex. the physical therapist recommended exercises to help increase the strength of the patients lateral muscles
Difficult to arouse
an indication or sign of a condition
Ex: The dietician looked for manifestations of poor nutrition, such as excessive weight loss and poor skin condition.
Of or relating to muscle and skeleton
of or relating to the nervous system
Of or relating to the nervous system and blood vessels
a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life.
closed or obstructed.
Ex: Because the patient's foot was cold and blue, the nurse reported that the patient's circulation to that foot was occluded.
pertaining to the mouth
A characteristic or constant factor, limit Ex. the dietician explained that the number of calories needed for energy is one of the important parameters a medication
to open Ex. the nurse checked to see weather the intravenous needle was patent before are pathogenic organisms
Processes, causes, and effects of a disease; abnormality Ex. the doctor called to request the pathology report for her patient
producing a strong effect Ex. the potent medication immediately relieved the patients pain
capable of occurring or likely to occur
Ex. because the patient was very weak, the therapist felt the patient had a high potential for falling
Ex: The laboratory technician wore gloves as a precaution against blood contamination
Ex: The paramedic assisted the pregnant woman during a precipitous delivery in her home.
to make more susceptible or more likely to occur
First or most significant
of great importance
the anticipated or expected course or outcome
the underlying reason
to occur again
pertaining to the kidney
Inhalation and exhalation of air.
to hold or keep
calm, tranquil, peaceful
under the tongue
To take in addition to or to complete
to stop or subdue
Being equal or the same in size, shape, and relative position
An indication of a problem
A group of symptoms typical of a particular disease or condition
of or relating to the treatment of a disease or a disorder Ex. therapeutic diets may include calorie and salt restrictions
causing harm, poisonous
crossing through the skin
Ex: The physician prescribed a transdermal nicotine patch for a patient participating in the smoking cessation program.
Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another Ex. nurses should wash their hands to prevent transmissions of infections
Process used to determine the priority of treatment for patients according to the severity of a patient's condition and likelihood of benefit from the treatment
being or seeming to be everywhere at the same time
Ex. the patient noticed the ubiquitous no smoking all over the clinic
excrete or expel urine
Of or relating to blood vessels
Spoken, using words.
Example: The paramedic called in a verbal report on the patient's condition to the emergency room nurse while transporting the patient to the hospital.
extremely poisonous and severe
Microscopic infectious agent capable of replicating only in living cells, usually causing infectious disease
The amount of space an object takes up
select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence. the veterinary technician gave the dog a cursory examination
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.
The instructions for the otic medication stated ¨install 3 drops daily ¨
What the word meaning "control" best fits in the sentence?
Discipline decisions were under the ________ of the school principal.
what is the best definition of the word comprehensive
what word meaning ¨abrupt, intense¨ best fits in the sentence? the paramedics arrived at the home of patient who was experiencing______chest pain
what is the best definition of the word expedite?
select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence. the nurse was keeping careful watch on the patient respiration
B . skin color
select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence. The medication was given sublingually
under the tongue
select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence. the rationale for the therapy was to increase the patient´s range of motion
Select the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence.
The nurse is accountable for patient safety
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