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Terms in this set (42)
What is the definition of health literacy?
The capacity of an individual to obtain, interpret, and understand basic health information and services and the competence to use such information and services in ways that are health enhancing.
What is the WHO's definition of "health" in their constitution?
"Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity
What type of practitioner uses the APEXPH Model?
The PEN-3 Model is used to target which groups?
- Cultural identity
- Relationships and Expectations
- Cultural Empowerment
cultural identity is?
Person, Extended family, Neighborhood
relationships and expectations
Perception, Enablers, Nurturers
Positive, Existential, Negative
Which Processes of Change in the Transtheoretical Model are Behavioral Processes?
Self- Liberation, Helping Relationships, Counterconditioning, Contingency Management, Stimulus Control
Which Processes of Change in the Transtheoretical Model are ones that are Experiential Processes?
Consciousness Raising, Dramatic Relief, Self-Reevaluation, Environmental Reevaluation, Social Liberation
How do you determine which stage a person is in with regards to the Transtheoretical Model?
The four A's: Ask, Advise, Assist, Arrange
What is "impact evaluation"?
The phase of the precede-proceed model that identifies the immediate effect on target behavior
What are the strengths/benefits of the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model?
- Popular and most researched model
- In existence for four decades
- Very comprehensive and covers all area of planning
- Initiation of the model utilizes community inputs and participation
- Phased evaluation is also a strong feature
What are the limitations of the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model?
- Too comprehensive to be applied in a reasonable time period at a setting
- Requires heavy financial and human resource input to become functional
- Mixture of several theories
- Comparative studies lacking
What are the typical strategies to build self-efficacy?
- Provide training in small steps (demonstration, re-demonstration)
- Progressive goal setting (self-reflection, diary)
- Verbal reinforcement (one-on-one counseling)
- Reduce anxiety (stress management techniques)
What is primary prevention?
refers to those preventive actions that are taken prior to the onset of disease or an injury with a view to remove the possibility of their ever occurring.
what is secondary prevention?
refers to actions that block the progression of an injury or disease at its incipient stage.
What is tertiary prevention?
refers to those actions taken after the onset of disease or an injury with a view to assist diseased or disabled people.
What does PROCEED stand for in the PRECEDE-PROCEED Model?
Policy, regulatory, and organizational constructs in educational and environmental development
What is a Subjective Norm?
refers to one's belief that most of the significant others in one's life think one should or should not perform the behavior
What might be an example of subjective norm?
a person may think that if he or she exercises, his or her spouse would be proud of that person.
Definition of attitude
relatively constant feeling, predispositions or set of beliefs directed toward an object person or situation-beliefs within an evaluative component
What is autonomy?
-sense of control
-relates to the desire to be the regulator of one's actions and posits that behavior is volitional
what is competence?
-want to feel like you want to do something
-describes the experience of feeling able to achieve a desired outcome
what is relatedness?
-I want someone to relate to me. Do you understand my situation, want to be heard?
-refers to experiencing care and concern from and trust in important individuals and feeling connected to and understood by others
As it pertains to the Self-Determination Theory, what drives intrinsic-regulated behaviors?
This is based off the OIT(organismic integration theory) it is based off the concept autonomy that is described above. They are less controlled and more automatic and intrinsically motivated to do on your own without someone leading you
What is the Theory of Reasoned Action?
Posits that intention precedes behavior and is determined by the attitude toward the behavior and subjective norms
According to the Transtheoretical model, what time frame is "the foreseeable future"?
What are the constructs of sense of coherence?
- Antonovsky has proposed that people who possess a higher sense of coherence tend to cope better in life
- Comprehensible means that the person believes that the world around him or her is making some sense, there is some set structure, and there is some level of predictability
-Manageable implies the faith that one has in his or her ability to meet the various demands in life either one way or the other
- Meaningfulness implies the belief that whatever one does, it has a purpose in life
What is Emotion-focused coping?
Based on focusing inward on altering the way one thinks or feels about a situation or an event
Examples of this strategy at this process level include:
· Denying the existence of the stressful situation
· Freely expressing emotions
· Avoiding the stressful situation
· Making social comparisons
· Minimization or looking at the bright side of things
Examples of this strategy at the behavioral or action level include:
· Seeking social support
· Use of exercise
· Support groups
What is problem-focused coping?
Based on one's capability to think and alter the environmental event or situation
Examples of this strategy at the behavioral or action level include activities such as:
· Joining a smoking cessation program
· Compliance with prescribed medical treatment
· Adherence to a diabetic diet plan
· Scheduling and prioritizing tasks for managing time
Examples of this strategy at the thought process level include:
· Utilization of problem-solving skill Interpersonal conflict resolution
· Advice seeking
· Time management
· Goal setting
· Gathering information about what is causing stress
What is the definition of comprehensibility?
means that the person believes that the world around him or her is making some sense, there is some set structure, and there is some level of predictability
What are the constructs of the IMB Model?
- Behavioral intentions
- Role of the environment and skills/abilities
Knowing one's emotions, recognizing feelings as they occur and discriminating between them
Handling feelings so that they become relevant to the current situation and one reacts appropriately
Gathering up one's feelings and directing oneself toward a goal, despite self-doubt, inertia, and impulsiveness
Ability to recognize one's feelings in others and turning into their verbal and nonverbal cues
what is primary appraisal?
-Am I OK or am I in trouble?
-Judgment based on past knowledge about oneself, about event, influence on others
What is secondary appraisal?
-How much control do I have over the threat?
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