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34 terms

cat external anatomy and skin

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philtrum
groove that clefts lip in center
nares
situated on naked nose
plica semilunaris
greatly reduced nictitating membrane
nictitaing membrane
3rd eyelid that helps to moisten and clean eye
pinna
long, flexible external fold which directs sound waves into the external auditory meatus
vibrissae/pili tactiles
sensory hairs on face
supraorbitalis
vibrissae above eye
infraorbitalis
vibrissae below eye
zygomatici buccales
vibrissae on cheek
buccales labiales-maxiallaris
vibrissae on upper lip
buccales labiales-mandibularis
vibrissae on lower lip
pili carpales
long hairs on forefeet
teats/nipples
external openings of mammary glands located on ventral surface of trunk usually 4 on each side
anal opening
located at base of tail dorsal to the urogenital orifice
scrotum
contains testes
tori
thick pads on bottom of cats foot
manus
forefoot
torus digitalis
pads on 5 digits of forefoot
torus metacarpalis
larger pad that serves as cushion for joint betwee metalcarpals and proximal phalanges
torus carpalis
covers accessory carpal bone
pes
hindfoot
torus metatarsalis
pads on hindfoot
tori tarsali
pads on hindfoot
digitigrade
animals walk on digits with the remainder of hand and foot elevated
plantigrade
(humans) walk on entire sole of foot
unguligrade
(horse/cow) walk on hoofs
medulla
central portion of hair
cortex
elongated cells that surround medulla
cuticle
scale-like cells that cover cortex
follicles
pits in skin where hair is located
root
portion of hair in follicle
shaft
exposed portion of hair in follicle
sebaceous and sudoriferous
skin glands
arrector pili
skin muscles