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Arkansas - Milk Quality and Products CDE - 2015 Exam
Terms in this set (60)
Cheese manufacturers realize greater yields from milk when the somatic cell counts are low and the_____________ ?.
Protein content is high
The specific gravity of milk is 1.032 at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Knowing the specific gravity of a milk sample and testing the freezing point of milk with a cryoscope is used to determine ____________ ?
Adulteration of milk with water
What step in the milking preparation routine starts the release of oxytocin?
The microbiological standard for Grade A milk is ___________ bacteria or less per militer of milk.
What is the protein in milk that entraps milk fat within the curd matrix during the manufacture of cheese?
Recent research conducted by the University of Wisconsin-Extension shows that it costs approximately __________ per day to raise heifers from birth to freshening.
Raw milk somatic cell count must be _______ or less to meet Grade A standards in the United States.
What temperature must a farm bull tank, or cooling plate, have the capacity to cool milk down to within two hours of the end of a milking?
_< 45 degrees Fahrenheit
Chemical sanitizers containing __________ are most widely used for sanitizing
A cow's stomach has four compartments. Which stomach compartment has the primary function of absorbing water and other substances from the digested contents?
The activity/inactivity of the enzyme _____ is the basis for confirming the adequacy of pasteurization of milk.
The CMT test detects ______________ in raw milk.
The off-flavor in milk generally caused by exposure to sunlight or fluorescent light is _____.
Raw milk somatic cell count must be _______ or less to meet exports standards required by European Union (EU)
Rumen bacteria digest carbohydrates to provide volatile fatty acids (VFAs). After VFAs are absorbed into the blood, what are they used for?
Typical farm milk consists of __________.
87.6% water, 3.7% fat, 3.2% protein, 5.5% other solids
Potassium is an important mineral in dry cow nutrition due to its relationship to the risk of ______.
Which feedstuff is a by-product of ethanol production?
The document used by the U. S. Dairy industry that contains the rules for producing today's fresh pasteurized milk supply is _______________
The Grade A Pasteurized Milk Ordinance
Which action is most likely to cause the development of a rancid flavor in milk?
Over agitating raw milk during cooling and storage
One gallon of raw milk weighs approximately _____ pounds.
Poor quality forage will cause ________ to decrease significantly.
What is the maximum bacteria count allowed for pasteurized Grade "A" milk?
_< 20,000 CFU/ml
The high acid flavor in milk is caused by
Removal of milkstone from equipment surfaces requires a/an ______ type cleaning compound.
The two most important diseases of cattle transmissible to man through milk are
tuberculosis and brucellosis
Among the various food groups dairy products serve as the leading source of ___ in the American diet.
The sugar of milk that acid-producing bacteria ferment is
A major reason for limiting the use of antibiotics with lactating dairy cows is
some consumers are allergic to certain antibiotics
Mold growing on corn and other feed grains may produce
A primary reason for establishing minimum farm milk prices through the Federal milk orders is
to insure an adequate supply milk for the consumer
Federal Orders are written to provide or describe
payment to milk producers for milk
The actual check ammount received by a dairy farmer is called the
Cooperative bonus premium
What piece of legislation made farmer cooperatives legal?
The reason Federal Milk Market Administrators test grade A milk for composition and audit records of purchases by dealers is to
Ensure fairness in the marketing of the milk
What nation could surpass Canada and become the second largest importer of U.S. dairy products?
Which cheese variety produced in the U.S. is the most commonly consumed in recent years?
A Federal milk marketing order classifies milk based on its use. The classes of milk have different
Prices paid to producers
Federal Milk Marketing Orders are a _____________ program that defines the terms under which handlers of milk within a specific marketing order purchase milk from dairy farmers
The Milk Processor Education Program launched a campaign called "_______________" to replace the "Got Milk".
To make one pound of cheddar cheese requires approximately __ pounds of whole milk
Federal Milk Marketing order is authorized only if two-thirds of the affected ______________ milk to the proposed marketing area approved its implementation
Federal Milk Market Orders provide ______________ to distribute moneys fairly among producers supplying milk to a market.
Producer settlement fund
According to the Food & Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences,
all people need at least _________ milligrams of calcium per day.
Marketing cooperatives often offer incentives to dairy farmers for producing milk having which of the following special characteristics?
all of the above
A system of fairly distributing payment among producers in a Federal Milk Market is called:
Dividing the total dollars a dairy has in assets by the number of cows determines which economic indicator?
total investment per cow
The long-awaited Food and Drug Administration (FDA) milk residue study found that more than _______ percent of the samples tested were free of antibiotic residues. The in-depth investigation looked at 31 drugs that are not tested for routinely under the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO) standards for Grade A milk. This makes these results even more profound.
Which state does not participate in the federal milk marketing order program is considering a proposal to create a Federal Milk Order
Since 1984, when President Ronald Reagan proclaimed a National Ice Cream Month, it has been celebrated annually, every
Funding for the Cooperatives Working Together (CWT) program, aimed at strengthening and stabilizing milk prices by balancing supply and demand, comes from which group?
Milk marketing cooperatives
Provide marketing power for dairy farmers
Most dairy cows are milked two to three times per day. On average, a cow will produce ________ gallons of milk each day.
Prices paid by handlers are identical in all federal orders for milk utilized in the manufactured product categories, however milk used in Class I varies by location. The highest price paid for Class I milk is in the _______ region of the United States.
Which beverage milk category maintains the highest per capita consumption rate?
reduced fat milk
Which of the following flavors of ice cream is the most popular, by sales volume?
In a milk market with four classes of milk, Class III milk is commonly used for __________
The number of Federal milk marketing orders in the United States is
less than 12
Milk not used for fluid purposes, called "Surplus Milk"
Commands a lower price than milk sold in the fresh fluid form.
Federal milk order hearings can be lengthy because _________ can testify and _________ can cross-examine the witness.
any interested party, anyone
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