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Terms in this set (25)
Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
unit of energy
Broken down to glucose to provide energy.
A tough complex carbohydrate that the body cannot digest
A lipid consisting of three fatty acids linked to one glycerol molecule; also called a triacylglycerol or triglyceride.
A fat that is liquid at room temperature and found in vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds.
solid at room temperature
A type of fat made by the body from saturated fat; a minor part of fat in foods.
An unsaturated fat, formed artificially during hydrogenation of oils, containing one or more trans double bonds.
An organic compound that is made of one or more chains of amino acids and that is a principal component of all cells
Building blocks of protein
Essential nutrients that do not yield energy, but that are required for growth and proper functioning of the body.
help protect healthy cells from the damage caused by normal aging process as well as from certain types of cancer
Nutrients that occur naturally in rocks and soil
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
A substance that dissolves in water to give a solution that conducts electric current
lack of a normal number of red blood cells
lack of water
fat soluable vitamins are
A, D, E, K
water soluble vitamins
B and C
important in blood clotting and formation and maintenance of bones and teeth
nutrient dense foods
foods that are high in nutrients as compared with their calorie content
My plate plan
a plan that groups foods according to types and indicates how much of each type should be eaten daily for a healthy diet
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
a set of recommendations for healthful eating and active living
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