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Program Planning and Evaluation Quiz one

Terms in this set (115)

•Observation can provide information about the people and the environment. Observers must be trained in the process so that data collected is reliable. •1. Direct observation—observing the situation, behavior, or people directly.• For example: Observing how children with asthma use their inhaler during physical activities. • Observing bike riders for use of helmets and other behaviors that keep them safe. • Observing the types of food that children choose in the school cafeteria. •2. Indirect observation—observing the results or outcomes of a behavior or by asking others.•For example: Asking parents about the behaviors of their child with asthma. • Observing the results of flossing and brushing teeth during a dental checkup. • Asking adult children about the adherence to medication of an elder parent.

•Windshield tours or walk-through•the person(s) doing the observation "walks or drives slowly through a neighborhood, ideally on different days of the week and at different times of the day, 'on the lookout' for a whole variety of potentially useful indicators of community health and well-being"•Potentially useful indicators may include: "(A) Housing types and conditions, (B) Recreational and commercial facilities, (C) Private and public sector services, (D) Social and civic activities, (E) Identifiable neighborhoods or residential clusters, (F) Conditions of roads and distances most travel, (G) Maintenance of buildings, grounds and yards" •Photovoice •participatory data collection (i.e., those in the priority population participate in the data collection) in which those in the priority population are provided with cameras and skills training (on photography, ethics, data collection, critical discussion, and policy), then use the cameras to convey their own images of the community problems and strengths •"Photovoice has 3 main goals: (1) to enable people to record and reflect their community's strengths and concerns; (2) to promote critical dialogue and enhance knowledge about issues through group discussions of the photographs; and (3) to inform policy makers"
Only when planners are unable to use or adapt another instrument for their use should they undertake the process of developing their own
-Wording Questions - Avoid leading questions ( most people do this... what do you do?)Ask about one thing at a time (not do you brush and floss your teeth - but separate) Avoid jargon or words people may not know (if use a word - define it like aerobic means doing activities for 30 minutes)Be specific (don't be general or things that can be interpreted more than one way
-esponse Options -Planners must determine the format for response options and the response options will generate the needed data.
Likert ScalesMake sure answer options match well with questionResponse options should be mutually exclusive and exhaustive
-Presentation - 1.A cover page. The cover page should include the title of the survey, indicate the survey sponsor, and contain an image that reflects the survey topic. 2.A survey title. The title should tell the reader what the survey is about. For example: "Live for Life Weight Loss Class Evaluation" 3.A purpose statement. This tells the respondent the reason for the survey. Do not be too specific so as to bias participant responses. For example, "The purpose of this survey is to learn about your experience with the Live for Life classes" is better than "The purpose of this survey is to find out about how often you eat fruit and vegetables and how often you exercise." 4.A statement about confidentiality of answers. This means that nobody will know what they put as answers and their responses will not be linked to them as a person. 5.Instructions for how they should fill out the survey. For example, "For each question, mark the one box that best reflects your opinion." These instructions may also appear throughout the survey before a set of questions. In that case, they are called "transition statements." For example, "The next group of questions asks about your opinion on the Live for Life curriculum. Mark whether you agree or disagree with each statement." 6.Instructions for what they are to do with the survey once they are completed. For example, "When you are finished with the survey, please place it in the box at the front of the room." The visual appearance