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History lesson 7-9
Terms in this set (46)
By 1946, ________, _________, __________, and ___________ had been brought under Soviet domination.
Poland, romania, yugoslavia, hungary
Winston Churchill proclaimed that communist oppression placed Eastern Europe behind a(n) _________.
President Truman ordered that food and supplies be airlifted to ease the suffering of Berliners in an effort called the _________.
The Soviet Union established a communist government for
East Germany and surrounded and cut off East Berlin from the West
A democratic government was established in ___________ Germany, supported by the Allies.
The explosion of communist ideology in the Soviet Union and its spread into Eastern Europe aroused anxiety and concern for ___________ Europe and the United States.
The __________ Act allowed for close surveillance and control of the Communist Party in the United States.
A self-confessed communist agent, ____ testified that senior State Department official ____sent classified documents which ultimately helped the Soviet Union develop its first atomic bomb.
Whittaker. Chambers, Alger hiss
Julius and Ethel _________ were executed as communist spies guilty of conspiracy in 1953.
By 1949, the Soviet Union had developed ________________ of its own.
In an effort to address the developing threat, the UN established the United Nations ________ to inspect every nation's atomic energy development.
Atomic energy commission
The _______ was put into place to assist civilians in protecting themselves against a nuclear explosion.
Civil defense system
In February 1950, Senator _______ charged that the State Department had been infiltrated by large numbers of communist agents.
McCarthys investigations uncovered very ____ activities but none could be proven beyond a ____ doubt
____________ lost support among his constituents (voters) and the Senate denounced him.
The fight against communism involved the efforts of such famous Hollywood personalities as Walt ____ and Ronald ____
Select the three motives of the Soviet Union in eastern Europe and in Asia.
The Soviet Union wanted to gain new territory for expansion of communism throughout the world.
The Soviet Union wanted to gain access to build bases on warm-water ports (ports that do not freeze over in the winter) for easy access to the ocean.
The Soviet Union desired to increase its influence by surrounding itself with satellite nations that could prove beneficial for military and economic gain.
Though ________still existed in much of the United States, most Americans recognized the importance of the role_________played in winning World War II.
American attitudes toward blacks definitely improved after the war, and many people were persuaded that the time had come for ___________.
In 1942, the ______America's largest black newspaper, created a campaign to get this message across. They called the campaign ______
Pittsburgh courier, double v
Black families, to show their patriotism and their desire for equality, displayed a ____________ V sign in their windows.
Baseball's Brooklyn Dodgers took a courageous stand by drafting former soldier _________ and bringing him up to the major leagues in 1947. His success led the way for other teams to bring talented blacks to the big leagues.
In the early 1950s the _________ filed several lawsuits that would eventually overturn the 1896 _____________Supreme Court ruling.
National association for advancement of colored people, plessy vs Ferguson
_________ would become the first African-American Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
________ in Washington, D.C., and other major cities began to end their practice of discriminating against black customers.
The progress of______was slow, but a foundation was being laid that would become important in the later 1950s and would become a(n) _____focus in the 1960s.
Civilrights , National
Select what the two "Vs" of the Double V sign symbolized.
V for Victory against the Axis Powers abroad
V for Victory over prejudice at home
Select four of Ralph Bunche's accomplishments.
He also helped create the UN Declaration of Human Rights.
He served in several diplomatic missions as a peace negotiator for the UN.
He helped in the early stages of the formation of the United Nations, attending the founding conference in April of 1945.
He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950.
What implication did the overturn of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruling have for public schools?
The rulings paved the way for the desegregation of schools
Select two ways higher education opportunities improved for blacks during the 1950s.
Black students were awarded more scholarships to state universities.
Graduate programs previously open only to white students began to accept black students.
The 1950s were marked by a surging _____ and incredible _____ output
The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, better known as the _______, gave military veterans money for attending colleges and universities.
The "________," a surge in births, led to many consumer purchases, including the purchase of homes.
As families grew, couples desired a home outside the confines of the city. Many moved to the ______.
Many industries had been tightly regulated, or controlled, during the war years. When these regulations ended, factories were able to adjust to the new ______________.
The 1950s saw an economic boom that was completely without precedent in the nation. This was evident in the level of consumer spending on items such as _______, _______, and _______.
Automobiles, education, houses
The period was marked by ______ which could be seen in the growth of _____ centers, malls, and miles of ____ dealers stretched out along the highway
Consumerism, shopping, auto
One aspect of the 1950s that truly reflected economic prosperity was the growth of the ______ and ______ industry.
_____ attendance soared and ____
Select four reasons agricultural production increased during the 1950s
Developments in agricultural equipment, pesticides, irrigation systems, chemical fertilizers
Select the two factors that kept factories working at capacity after the end of World War II.
The need for military items continued during the Cold War and Korean War
Consumers began to demand automobiles and other industrial producta
The inflation cycle that continued throughout the 1950s can be described as an increase in a demand of goods, which causes the prices to _______As prices rose, employees _____pay increases. These pay increases were paid for by raising prices.
Select the three actions by the U.S. government that led to deficit spending.
Continuing to spend money on the military
Lending money to the allied nations of Europe
Select the three results of the growth of the tourist and vacation industry.
The fast food industry grew with thousands of restaurants built every few years
National parks saw new record crowds as people went for a drive in their new automobiles
Motels were built by the thousands, particularly as the interstate highway was built.
Select the four inventions that were a sign that economic times were good.
The laser, color television, toys, the microwave oven
Movie attendance, including drive-in theaters, soared during the _____
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