Music chapter 30
Terms in this set (37)
Instrumental music that has literary or pictorial associations
Pure music, which consists of musical patterns that have no literary or pictorial meanings
What is one type of program music that came out of the opera house?
The overture was a rousing orchestral piece in one movement designed to serve as an introduction to a opera (or play)
When an operatic overture became popular as a separate concert piece. might evoke a land or seascape or embody a literary or patriotic idea
What is an example of a concert overture?
Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet
Usually consists of an overture and a series of pieces performed between the acts of a play and during important scenes
The most successful pieces of incidental music was arranged into
What are some examples of incidental music
Mendelsshon's music for Shakespeare's A Midsummer nights dream. And edvard greig's Peer Gynt
A multimovement orchestral work (When the passion for program music invaded the symphony)
What are some examples of program symphony?
Symphonies by Berloiz - Symphonie fantastique and Liszt's Faust and Dante Symphonies
Why was the symphonic poem created?
They wanted a large form of orchestral music that would serve the romantic era as the symphony served the classical
Who created the symphonic poem?
Examples of symphonic poem?
Liszt's Les Preludes, Bedrich Smetana's The moldau, and the prelude to the afternoon of a faun by Claude debussy
Program music for orchestra, in one movement, with contrasting sections to develop a poetic idea, suggest a scene, or create a mood. It has a very free structure so its gives composers the flexibility they need for a big single movement form
What is the symphonic poem also referred to?
The tone poem
Who was the first great proponent of musical romanticism in France?
What is Berloiz's most famous program symphony about?
His life. A young musician of morbid sensibility and ardent imagination, in ... lovesick despair, who has poisoned himself with opium. The drug, too weak to kill, plunges him into a heavy sleep accompanied by strange visions... The beloved one herself becomes for him a melody, a recurrent theme that haunts him everywhere
The symphonys recurrent theme. Fixed idea. Symbolizes the beloved; it becomes a musical thread unifying the five diverse movements, through appearances are varied in harmony, rhythm, meter, tempo, dynamics, register, and instrumental color.
The unifying of the five diverse movements. Developed by Liszt in his symphonic poems. Serves the huge expansive form of Berlioz's program symphony
What became a decisive force within the romantic movement?
The growth of nationalism
What are some ways romantic composers expressed their nationalism
Some based their music on the songs and dances of their people, others wrote dramatic works based of folklore or peasant life
What are some examples of this?
The russian fairy tale operas and ballets of Tchaikovsky and Edvard Grieg's Peer gynt
What is another way they expressed their nationalism?
Some wrote symphonic poems and operas celebrating the exploits of a national hero, a historic event, or the scenic beauty of their country
What is an example of this?
Smetana's The moldau
Who was the first Bohemian composer to rise to prominence?
What is one of Smetanas works that shows his nationalism?
A cycle of 6 symphonic poems. Vividly portrays the beauty of Bohemias countryside, the rhythm of its folks songs and dances, and the pomp and pageantry of its legends
What becomes a poetic symbol of Smetanas beloved homeland in the Moldau?
the bohemian river Moldau
Edvard Grieg is known for?
His ability to capture the essence of his countries folklore and dance through music
What is Henerick Ibsens most famous play?
Peer Gynt. Its about a man who looses his bride and then abducts her...
Edvard Griegs journey
Ibsen asked so grieg created 20 pieces for peer gynt. But grieg was unhappy so he took eight of the movements and combined them into 2 orchestral suites
What are some of the most popular songs from griegs first suite
Morning mood and in the hall of the mountain king
Opens the suite. Depicts the sunrise. the work features a lyrical theme that is passed between instruments, building to a long climax
Hall of the mountain king
concieved as grotesque ballet music - a march for the wild daughters of the mountain king. the girls threaten peer for seducing one of them, with the insistent theme growing louder and faster as they chase him, shouting "Slay him!". The chrashing final chord signifies the collapse of the mountain on top of the trolls
Czhech national school is represented by
Scandinavian national school is represented by
Grieg and Sibelius
Russian national school is represented by
A group of musicians called "the mighty five". Which included Musogrsky and rimsky - korsakav
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 30 Terms
Music Appreciation Chapter 34&35
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Art history exam 1
Art History exam 1 examples
Music final matching section
Music final exam