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SOAD- S 280 Safety Test
Terms in this set (27)
You are required to wear goggles while soldering and using the pickle. What four things do the clear goggles protect you from during the soldering and pickling process?
1. Protects your eyes from the fumes from the flux and metal, and the vapors from the pickle.
2. Protects your eyes from the heat of the soldering process.
3. Protects your eyes from the possibility of hollow form exploding.
4. Protects your eyes from splashes of pickle.
What are the hazards of soldering with fluxes that contain fluorides, such as "Handy Flux"?
Fluoride compounds are highly irritating and release high toxic gases. Fluorides can severely damage lung tissue and can cause long- term systemic damage to bones and teeth. Fluxes and patinas containing fluorides should be avoided whenever possible or a respirator must be worn when any chance of exposure to fluorides might occur.
What is a "safer" flux to use when soldering?
What is pickle?
Pickle is used to clean metal. Pickling solutions are usually a diluted sulfuric acid (ratio of 10:1), nitric acid (ratio 10:1), or solutions of sodium bisulfate (Sparex or Rio Pickle). Mix one teaspoon of dry compound per one cup of water.
Why do we use "Sparex" or "Rio Pickle" instead of sulfuric acid to make our pickle?
Sodium Bisulfate "Sparex" or "Rio Pickle" is less hazardous than sulfuric acid and nitric acid because it comes in a granule form, but once it mixes with water it still releases irritating vapors and can burn your eyes, eat holes in clothing, and irritate your lungs and mucous membranes. Always wear safety googles when using pickle.
If you get pickle on your skin, what can you use to neutralize the pickle and stop it from burning or irritating your skin?
Flush your skin with water and sprinkle on some baking soda to neutralize the pickle.
What should you do if you get any type of pickle in your eye?
Flush your eye with clean water at the eye wash station for 15 minutes. If an eyewash station is not available, then lean over a sink and throw water into your eyes to flush them. If your eyes are burning after flushing, you should go to the IU Health Center, Prompt Care, or the Emergency Room of the Bloomington Hospital. Do not think about the cost of going to an Emergency Room. Get medical help and evaluation and worry about the bill later.
Why is it important to avoid wearing contacts in the metalsmithing and jewelry studio and in other studios where chemicals are used?
Because contacts absorb chemicals and then the chemicals end up in direct contact with your eyeballs which can cause irritation and lead to infection.
Why is it required that you wear safety goggles when soldering?
They are necessary to protect your eyes from the fumes of the flux and to protect your eyes from accidents, such as exploding hollow constructions or from getting firebrick in your eyes.
Why is it required that you wear closed toed shoes when using the Metals Studio?
You need to protect your feet from heaving objects such as hammers and stakes. You also need to protect your feet from falling sharp or hot metal.
What metal commonly used in metalsmithing and jewelry can cause some people to develop mild to sever sinus congestion?
What do we use yellow ochre, water- based Liquid Paper or White- Out for in soldering?
Yellow ochre, Liquid Paper, or White out are used to protect solder seams from reflowing. Yellow ochre is an impure form of iron oxide and it can be hazardous if you breathe it as a dust. All dusts and powders are irritants to your lungs.
Why is it important to have local slot ventilation when soldering?
It is important that the fumes from soldering are pulled away from your face, not up and into your breathing air space.
Why do we not allow the use of low temperature or "lead" solders in the IU Metals Studio?
In recent years, research has increased our understanding of lead toxicity. It is now known that even the small amounts of lead we absorb from air pollution and contamination of food and water are causing health effects in us all, and reduced mental acuity in our children. Lead solder can eat holes in silver when it is heated to annealing or silver soldering temperatures, so we don't want to risk contaminating our good fire bricks and pumice pans with lead solder.
What is the phrase you should remember when turning an acetylene torch on and off?
Lefty loosey, righty tighty
What is a solvent?
The term "solvents" refers to liquid organic chemicals used to dissolve solid materials. Examples of solvents are turpentine, acetone, kerosene, and lacquer thinner.
What solvents are safe to use?
All solvents are toxic. They are hazardous in both their liquid and vapor stateThere are no "safe" solvents but some solvents are "safer" than others.An odorless solvent that replaces turpentine is called Gamsol.
What are the seven hazards associated with the use of solvents?
1). Skin irritation and disease (dermatitis).
2). Irritation of eyes.
3). Irritation of respiratory tract
4). Harmful effects on the nervous system.
5). Damage to internal organs.
6). Reproductive hazards and birth defects.
7). Explosion and fire hazards.
How can you protect yourself and others from hazardous exposure to solvents?
1)Try to find replacements for solvent-containing products. New and improved water-based products are being developed.
2)Use the least toxic solvent possible. Use Table 5 in "The Artists Complete Health Safety Guide" to select the safest solvent in each class. ConsultMaterial Safety Data Sheets on products you use and choose those containing the least toxic solvents.
What are the health risks associated with using metal cleaners such as sulfuric acid (pickle) and nitric acid?
They are highly corrosive to the skin and eyes. Vapors can damage the respiratory system. Heating generates irritating and sensitizing sulfur dioxide gas. You should wear gloves, goggles, and apron when working with acids. If you do not have good ventilation you should also wear a respirator.
What are the four most important rules to remember when using all power equipment?
1). Wear goggles or full- face protection.
2). Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry.
3). Tie back long hair.
4). Pay attention to what you are doing and where your hands are in relation to moving parts of equipment.
What is the main cause of accidents when using a power equipment?
Carelessness and lack of attention to what you are doing.
What is greatest long- term hazard of working with art materials?
Breathing in gases, fumes, chemicals, powders, and dusts that can cause you to develop asthma, lung disease, or cancer.
If a women is pregnant, should she wear a respirator at all times when soldering?
No. Pregnant woman should never wear a respirator as it diminishes the air supply to the baby.
What is the best way to polish wire jewelry or a chain?
Use the brass brush or steel shot tumbler.
One of the most common colorants of metals is liver of sulfur (potassium sulfide). When applied to metals, this compound will darken the surface of metal. Is it toxic to breathe liver of sulfer?
Yes. Liver of Sulphur, when mixed with metal , releases highly toxic hydrogen sulfide gas which is identified by its "rotten egg" smell. many patinas and colorants rely on sulfides and similar reactions occur. Try to avoid patinas containing sulfides, otherwise wear a respirator.
Who is responsible for your safety in using the Metalsmithing + Jewelry Design studio and for learning the precautions you must take in using many art materials?
Myself. I must attend all class meetings in order to learn all safety regulations and the proper use of chemicals and equipment. If I ever need or want to use a technique or chemical with which I am not familiar or that I have not received proper instruction for usage I will wait to get the instruction from my teacher. I will read the Material Safety Data Sheets on all chemicals before I use them or refer to our class safety manual "TheArtists Complete Health and Safety Guide" before I use chemicals.
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