Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Fundamentals Unit 8
Terms in this set (83)
What are the six classifications of nutrients?
Protein, Carbohydrate, Fats, Vitamins, Minerals, and Water
Which nutrient does the body use most for energy?
When the number of calories taken in exceeds the number of calories used, the result it?
One gram of protein or carbohydrate yields how many calories? One gram of fat?
One gram of protein or carbohydrate yields 4cal and one gram of fat yields 9 cal.
What is the recommended number of grams of fiber per day?
Up to 25g
What fats should be avoided in the diet? Give examples
Avoid saturated fats such as whole dairy products and fatty red meats.
What makes up the essential fatty acids?
Omega 3 and Omega 6
What foods contain cholesterol?
Eggs, shellfish, and red fatty meats
What is the normal cholesterol level?
Differentiate between complete and incomplete proteins
Complete proteins have all the essential amino acids and the incomplete do not
What is the most perfect protein?
What are your fat soluble and water soluble vitamins?
Fat soluble are vitamins A, D, E, and K.
Water soluble are vitamin C and B complex
Which mineral is essential for maintaining healthy bones
Which vitamin facilitates the absorption of iron?
Name some food sources containing Vitamin A
Any red or orange foods such as tomatoes, carrots, sweet potatoes.
Name some food sources containing Vitamin C
Name some food sources containing the B Vitamins
Whole grains, green leafy vegetables
What vitamins and essential nutrients would you recommend to the client facing would healing
Protein, Vitamin A and C
What food sources are high in sodium?
Processed foods, cured foods, canned soups that are not low in sodium, lunch meats, and smoked foods
What food sources are high in potassium?
Orange juice, tomatoes, and bananas
List five nursing interventions for the client on swallowing precautions
Look for coughing while eating or swallowing Sit up high
Stroke the threat
Differentiate between a clear liquid and a full liquid diet
Clear liquids are foods you can see through like clear broth, ginger ale, and jello.
Full liquids add foods such as cream of wheat, creamed broth, dark sodas, coffee, and milk.
What foods are avoided on a bland diet?
Alcohol, caffeine, fried or spicy foods
What foods can be suggested to increase fiber in the diet?
Whole grain foods
Why is a high fiber diet effective in the treatment of high cholesterol
Cholesterol binds to the fiber and is excreted in the stool
List five nursing interventions for the client with a tube feeding
Elevate the head of bed
Turn off feeding if lowering the head of the bed
Monitor for aspiration
What are the three components of TPN?
Glucose, amino acids, and lipids
What is a common initial side effect of tubal feeding?
Diarrhea - if they don't get used to the feeding it may have to be changed
List three nursing interventions important for the client receiving TPN
Weekly vitamin K injections
Check blood sugar every six hours
What are the three consistencies of thickened food?
Nectar, honey, and pudding
What vitamin should be used in moderation when taking anti-coagulants?
List four groups of clients at high risk for nutritional deficits
Clients with multiple disorders
Teenagers who eat a lot of fast food
Clients with multiple medications
What mineral is potentially lost during diuretic therapy?
Potassium and sodium
Religious group used to abstain from meat on Fridays, now it is only the Fridays in lent & Ash Wednesday?
Patients on this diet avoid lunch meat, soup, Zerns beef jerky and some seafood?
Low sodium diet
This vegetarian diet includes milk, but not eggs?
An individual is considered. under weight if their BMI is below this value?
An essential position to place the patient in, PRIOR to feeding them to prevent aspiration?
Upright/ high Fowlers
Foods high in this include: Liver, burgers, fries, egg yolks
This is considered too much residual feeding
Greater than 100 mL
An important lower GI assessment for a patient who is recovering from surgery, prior to offering food or fluid?
Religious group who's diet requires separate plates for meat & dairy. They may not both be eaten at the same meal. Meats must be slaughtered by a specific ritual. Pork, Rabbit, Shellfish & Scavenger fish are NOT allowed
An individuals fiber intake goal should be this number of grams per day?
An important upper GI assessment for a patient who is recovering from surgery, prior to offering food or fluid
Gag reflex/ ability to swallow
These vitamins include A,D,E & K. They are stored in the body and may become toxic
Fat soluble vitamins
Foods that are abundant and include meat, beans, tofu & dairy products?
Gingerale, fat free broth, tea & gelatin are commonly consumed on this diet that is inadequate in calories & nutrients
Clear liquid diet
Cultural group that attempts to prevent imbalances & indigestion through the balance of yin and yang
Religious group that fasts for a month each year, avoiding food from dawn to dusk
Over time, what happens when the energy expenditure is less than the caloric intake
Diet used for patients with difficulty chewing. Foods include mashes potatoes, chicken, peas
Fats provide this many calories per gram
This vegetarian diet includes eggs, but not milk
Amount of water a healthy person should consume each day
It is essential to avoid alcohol, caffeine & spicy food when following this diet
Religion which prohibits the intake of stimulants & alcoholic beverages
An important intervention related to the visually impaired patients plate/ tray to help promote independence
Describe plate like a clock
Carbohydrates provide this many calories per gram
Important to monitor this daily for a patient on TPN, at the same time each day with the same amount of clothes on
When administering enteral feedings, in order to maintain this the nurse must irrigate/instill with water & include on I&O
When taking diuretics, it may lead to depletion in this important mineral
This is considered the best source of iron
In order to have sufficient protein intake this type of vegetarian must assure they are consuming a sufficient amount of beans & peas in their diet
Important to avoid this in the diet because it can lead to heart disease
Term used to describe the act of exploring the amount of feeding in the stomach not being absorbed
Checking for Residual
Term used to assure that the feeding tube is in the correct location, prior to beginning the feeding
Checking for placement
These are considered water soluble vitamins
Vitamin B complex & Vitamin C
To prevent aspirations for patients with swallowing difficulties, assure that this is done to thin liquids
Add a Thickening Agent
This is the most common reason for needing a feeding tube
Difficulty/ Inability to swallow
Vitamin C & Protein are essential for healing these
This needs to be checked 4x's a day for patients on TPN & depending on the results may necessitate the administration of another med given by SQ injection
Blood glucose levels
TPN must be infused into the body via this type of catheter
Central Venous Catheter
To assure accurate dosing, it is important that this device be used during administration
IV infusion pump
Symptoms include coughing during & after meals, choking, throat clearing, wet gurgling voice after swallowing
Patients on TPN need to be administered this vitamin on a weekly basis
Over time, what happens when the energy expenditure is greater than the caloric intake
Vitamin C aids in the absorption of this
Lower GI reaction to tube feedings
Omega 3 & Omega 6 are considered this type of fat
"Essential" fatty acids
Position to place an unconscious patient in if he/she begins to vomit
Lateral/ Side lying position
Vitamin necessary for calcium absorption
Primary food sources of this vitamin COMPLEX include whole grain foods, meats, beans & nuts
Primary source of fuel. Food sources include potatoes & breads
Sets with similar terms
Unit 8 Review Fund.
Nutritional needs and diet modification test
Nursing Fundamentals chapter 24 Nutritional care a…
Fundamental Nursing Chapter 24
Other sets by this creator
Oncology + Final
Intro Med Surg Med Packet
A+P Unit 13
A+P Unit 12
Other Quizlet sets
Chapter 14 Exam Study Guide
Physics - Class Notes
HONS 192 chapter 8 reagents and reactions