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Terms in this set (48)
Leonardo da Vinci was a...
Artist, mapmaker, scientist, and inventor
religious reformer emphasized the idea of predestination (fate determined by god)
first Protestant faith?
The publication of Martin Luther's Ninety-five Theses
attacked the abuses in the sale of indulgences, beginning the Protestant Reformation.
Martin Luther opposes
the authority of popes and councils.
Early Christian humanist who argued that faith was the means to achieve salvation, not deeds / indulgences and was a major influence on Martin Luther
During the Renaissance, thinkers and artists looked back at which civilization for their inspiration? After all the Renaissance is seen as a rebirth of these two cultures
Greece and Rome
quote best represents the idea(s) promoted by Mary Wollstonecraft
"Let woman share the rights of men, and she will emulate his virtues"
Francis Bacon used...
an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will.
Earth is at the center of the revolving planets
CHECKS AND BALANCES
Adam Smith and Laissez Faire
government should not interfere with the economy
Through Tabula Rosa how does one acquire knowledge?
Enlightenment philosophy was a threat to English monarchies because it...
suggested the idea of individual liberty and a social contract
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote The Prince as a guide to success in
The people in the third estate were the only estate to...
French Revolutionaries used the guillotine to execute King Louis XVI and thousands of other French citizens believing that it
The French National Assembly swore the Tennis Court Oath, which was
a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution
ordinary patriots without fine clothes.
led by Robespierre and Danton, was responsible for sending approximately 15,000 people to the guillotine.
Committee of Public Safety
What were the two major reasons that Napoleon's Grand Empire collapsed?
The survival of Great Britain and the rising force of nationalism on the continent
The Russians defeated Napoleon's superior Grand Army by
retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own villages and countryside. Thereby starving the French
How is law an expression of the general will?
all citizens are able to influence the law's creation
Napoleon's most significant action was..?
Louisiana Purchase because it gave the US significant territorial power
In which country did the Industrial Revolution begin?
All of the following are true of the Enclosure Acts
forced people to move to towns.
negatively impacted the poor and marginalized.
enabled factories to have enough workers.
Did NOT increase social mobility
one of the first industries to be affected by the Industrial Revolution
One way in which the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain and the potato blight in Ireland are similar is that they both led directly to
significant human migrations
The conditions created by the Industrial Revolution gave rise to all of the following
Child Labor Laws
This political ideology is based on the theories of Karl Marx and his Manifesto
Karl Marx's Working class
local elites were removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials from the conquering country... what kind of rule?
set up a nonviolent movement with the aim to force the British to aid the poor and grant independence to India
What was the Social Darwinist concept of the "white man's burden"?
the belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize indigenous peoples
what was an effect of Europeans conquering Africa
Africans were forced to adopt European customs.
This country in Africa was ravaged by the Belgians for their rubber trees and other resources. And resulted in the death or maiming of approximately 15 million people
What was the name of the group that conspired to assassinate Archduke Franz Ferdinand?
The Black Hand
The Western Front in WWI was characterized by
Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire became known as
The alliance between Great Britain, Russia, and France was known as the
Causes of World War I?
strong sense of nationalism in European countries.
the building up of European countries' military resources in the late 1800s.
entangled alliances by countries to protect one another in war time.
the aggressive preparation for war, and build up of arms was growing along with nations' armies
Which force best describes the motive behind Gavrilo Princip's assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie?
was the first great power to bow out of the war because of domestic economic and political problems
The Treaty of Versailles ending World War I and the leading cause of WWII included harsh conditions against Germany
the return of land back to France.
the paying of war reparations to the Allied nations
admitting guilt for World War I.
is another term for Ethnic cleansing, or the deliberate mass murder of particular racial, religious, or cultural group
Mohandas Gandhi protested British laws by
using methods of civil disobedience, that is, peaceably refusing to obey laws considered to be unjust
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