Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The Farmers' Alliance was especially weakened by
a)political ineptitude
b)the exclusion of black farmers
c)corrupt leadership
d)the failure to target landowners
e)regional concentration in the South


Jacob Coxey and his "army" marche on Washington, D.C., to
a)demand a larger military budget
b)protest the repeal of the Sherman Siler Purchase Act
c)demand that the government relieve unemployment with a public works program
d)try to promote a general strike of all workers
e) demand the immediate payment of bonuses to Civil War veterans


In several states, farmers helped to pass the "Granger Laws", which
a)raised tariffs
b)lowered mortgage interest rates
c)allowed them to form producer and consumer cooperatives
d)prohibited bankruptcy auctions
e)regulated railroad rates


The Populist Party arose as the direct successor to
a)the Greenback Labor Party
b)the Farmers' Alliance
c)the Silver Miners' Coalition
d)the Liberal Republican Party
e)the Grange


The Nez Perce Indians of Idaho were goaded into war when
a) the Sioux sought their land
b)gold was discovered on their reservation
c)the federal government attempted to put them on a reservation
d) the Canadian governament attempted to force their return to the United States
e)their alliance with the Shoshones required it


The bitter confilict between whites and Indians intensified
a)during the Civil War
b)as a result of vigilante justice
c)when big business took over the mining industry
d)as the mining frontier explanded
e)after the Battle of Wounded Knee


The 1896 presidential election marked the last time that
a)rural America would defeat urban America
b)the South remained solid for the Democratic party
c)a third party candidate had a serious chance at the White House
d)factory workers would favor inflation
e)a serious effort to win the White House would be made with mostly agrarian votes


The Homestead Act
a)sold more land to bona fide farmers than to land promoters
b)was a dreastic departure from previous governament public land policy designed to raise revenue
c)was responsible for the sale of more land than any other agency
d)managed to end the fraud that was common with other government land programs
e)was criticized as a federal government giveaway


The area of the country in which the federal government has done the most to aid economic and social development is
a)the West
b)the Midwest
c)the South
d)the Northeast


Match each Indian chief with his tribe
A. Chief Joseph
B. Sitting Bull
C. Geronimo
1. Apache
2. Cheyenne
3. Nez Perce
4. Sioux
a) A-1 B-2 C-3
b)A-3 B-4 C-1
c)A-2 B-4 C-1
d)A-4 B-3 C-2
e)A-1 B-3 C-4


The mining frontier played a vital role in
a)bringing law and order to the West
b)attracting the first substantial white population to the West
c)enabling the government to go off the gold standard
d)ensuring that the mining industry would remain in the hands of independent, small operations
e)forcing the Indians off the Great Plains


The 1896 victory of William McKinley ushered in a long period of Republican dominance that was accompanied by
a)diminishing voter participation in elections
b)strengthening of party organizations
c)greater concern over civil-serice reform
d)less concern for industrial regulation
e)sharpenend conflict between business and labor


The Depression of the 1890s and episodes like the Pullman Strike made the election of 1896 shape up as
a)a battle between down and out workers and farmers and establishment conservatives
b)a conflict between the insurgent Populists and the two established political parties
c)a sectional conflict with the West aligned against the Northeast and South
d)a contest over the power of the federal government to manage a modern industrial economy like the United States
e)a clash of cultures between ordinary middle-class Americans and European oriented radicals and reformers


In the long run, the group that probably did the most to shape the modern West was the
c)railroad men
e)hydraulic engineers


Labor unions, Populists, and debtors saw in the brutal Pullman episode
a)proof of an alliance between big business, the federal government, and the courts against working people
b)a strategy by which united working-class action could succeed
c)the need for a socialist party in the United States
d)the potential of the federal government as a counterweight to big business
e)the crucial role of middle class public opinion in labor conflicts


The enormous mineral wealth taken from the mining frontier of the West
a)solved the Indian problem
b)solved the currency problem
c)enabled the West to be free of federal interference
d)profited individual prospectors but not corporations
e)helped to finance the Civil War


The monetary inflation needed to relieve the social and economic hardships of the late nineteenth century eventually came as a result of
a) the gold standard
b)McKinley'sadoption of the bimetallic standard
c)an increase in the international gold supply
d)Populist fusion with the Democratic party
e)the creation of the Federal Reserve Board


The Dawes Severalty Act was designed to promote Indian


Which one of the following was not among influential Populist leaders?
a)William "Coin" Harvery
b)Ignatius Donnelly
c)Mary elizabeth Lease
d)James B. Weaver
e)Eugene V. Debs


In the decades after the Civil War, most American farmers
a)became attached to their family farms
b)diversified their crops
c)became increasingly self-sufficient
d)saw their numbers grow as more people moved west
e)grew a single cash crop


The buffalo were nearly exterminated
a)as a result of being overhunted by the Indians
b)when their grasslands were turned into wheat and corn fields
c)when their meat became valued in eastern markets
d)by disease
e)through wholesale butchery by whites


President Grover Cleveland justified federal intervention in the Pullman strike of 1894 on the grounds that
a)the union's leader, Eugene V. Debs, was a socialist
b)strikes against railroads were illegal
c)the strikers were engaging in violent attaks on railroad property
d)shutting down the railroads threatned American national security
d)the strike was preventing the transit of U.S. mail


A Century of Dishonour, which chronicled the dismal history of Indian-white relations, was authored by
a)Hariet Beecher Stowe
b)Helen Hunt Jackson
c)Chief Joseph
d)Joseph F. Glidden
e)William F. Cody


All of the following characteristics describe William Jennings Bryan in 1869 except
a)he had a brilliant mind
b)he was very youthful
c)he was an energetic and charismatic campaigher
d)he was an excellent orator
e)he radiated honesty and sincerity


Mark Hanna, the Ohio Republican president-maker, believed that the prime function of the governament was to
a)defend against foreign enemies
b)maintain a laissez-faire policy
c)not "rock the boat" of prosperity
d)overturn the "trickledown" theory of economics
e)aid business


Match (Pullman strike)
A.Richard Olney
B.Eugene V. Debs
C.George Pullman
D. John P. Altgeld
1.Head of the American Railway union that organized the strike
2.Governor of Illinois who sympathized with the striking workers
3.United States attorney general who brought in fderal troops to crush the strike
4.Owner of the "palace railroad car" company and the company town where the strike began

A-3 B-1 C-4 D-2

In the election of 1896, the major issue became
a)resoration of protective tariffs
b)enactment of an income tax
c)government programs for those unemployed as a result of the depression
d)the rights of farmers and industrial workers
e)free and unlimited coinage of silver


One key to the Republican victory in the 1896 presidential election was the
a)support of farmers
b)huge amount of money raised by Mark Hanna
c)use of the tariff issue
d)wide travel and numberous speeches made by William McKinley
e)ability of Republicans to disrupt the solid South


The Democratic party nominee for president in 1896 was___; the Republicans nominated ____; and the Populists endorsed_____

William Jennings Bryan, William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan

In 1890, when the superintendent of the census announced that a stable frontier line was no longer discernible,
a)the Homestead Act was repealed
b)little land remained for public sale
c)Americans were disturbed that the free land of the West was gone
d)there were no more isolated bodies of settlement
e)all the western territories had been admitted as states


The 19th century humanitarians who advocated "kind" treatment of the Indians
a)had no more respect for traditional Indian culture than those who sought to exterminate them
b)advocated allowing the Ghost Dance to continue
c)opposed passage of the Dawes act
d)understood the value of the Indians' religious and cultural practices
e)advocated improving the reservation system


Cities like Denver and San Fancisco did serve as a major "safety valve" by providing
a)a home for new immigrants
b)recreational activities for its inhabitants
c)a home for failed farmers and busted miners
d)none of the above
e)all of the above


In the warfare that raged between the Indians and the American military after the Civil War, the
a)Indians were never as well armed as the soldiers
b)the U.S. army was able to dominate with its superiour technology
c)there was often great cruelty and massacres on both sides
d)Indians proved to be no match for the soldiers
e)Indians and soldiers seldom came into face to face combat


The Plains Indians were finally forced to surrender
a)because they were decimated by their constant intertribal warfare
b)when they realized that agricultural was more profitable than hunting
c)after such famous leaders as Geronimo and Sitting Bull were killed
d)when the army began using artillery against them
e)by the coming of the railroadsand the virtual extermination of the buffalo


As a result of the complete defear of Captain William Fetterman's command in 1866
a)the government sent extensive military reinfocements to the Dakotas and Montana
b)the government abandoned the Bozeman Trail and guaranteed the Sioux their lands
c)the government adopted a policy of civilizing the Indians rather than trying to conquer them
d)white settlers agreed to halt their expansion beyond the 100th meridian
e)the conflict between the U.S. army and the Sioux came to a peaceful end


The strongest ally of Mark Hanna and the Republicans in the 1896 presidential election was
a)the drop in wheat prices
b)McKinley's vigorous campaigning
c)fear of the alleged radicalism of William Jennings Bryan and his free silver cause
d)the nearly unanimous support of the nation's trained economists
e)the divisions in the Democratic Party


The Indians battled withes for all the following reasons except
a)rescue their familieswho had been exiled to Oklahoma
b)avenge savage massacres of Indians by whites
c)punish whites for breaking treaties
d)defend their lands against white invaders
e)preserve their nomadic way of life against forced settlement


The real "safety valve" in the late nineteenth century was
a)the western cities
b)the western frontier
d) Hawaii


Farmerswere slow to organize and promote their interest because they
a)were not well educated
b)did not possess the money necessary to establish a national political movement
c)were divided by the wealitheir, more powerful manufactureres and railroad barons
d)were too busy trying to eke out a living
e)were by nature highly independent and individualistic


In a bid to win labor's support, the Populist Party
a)supported restrictions on immigration
b)nominated Samule Gompers for president
c)opposed injunctions against labor strikes
d)endorsed workmen's compensation laws
e)proposed a law guaranteeing the right to organize and strike


Japanese immigrants first entered US territory to work as
a)construction workers on the transcontinental railroad
b)"yellow peril" villains in the Hollywood movie industry
c)servants and gardeners for San Francisco's wealthy elite
d)laborers on Hawaii's sugar plantations
e)factory workers in California's canning industry


The extended Open Door policy advocated in Secretary John Hay's second note called on all big powers, including the US, to
a)recognize Philippine independence at an early date
b)guarantee the independence of Cuba
c)maintain a balance of power in East Asia
d)observe the territorial integrity of China
e)pursue further investment in China


In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated American expansion
a)to maintain the international balance of power
b)to open up new markets for industrial goods
c)to spread American religion and values
d)to ease labor violence at home
e)to maintain white racial superiority


Teddy Roosevelt promoted what might be called a "Bad Neighbor" policy by
a)building the Panama Canal
b)making Puerto Rico a US colony
c)involving the US in the border dispute between Venezuela and Britain
d)adding the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
e)sending US troops to the Dominican Republic


The British gave up their opposition to an American controlled isthmian canal because they
a)sold their rights to Philippe Bunau-Varilla
b)could see no economic gans in continuing to block cancal construction
c)confronted an unfriendly Euope and were bogged down in the Boer War
d)were involved in a war with India
e)accepted American domination of Latin America


In the Root-Takahira agreement of 1908,
a)the Japanese government agreed to limit the number of Japanese immigrant laborers entering the US
b)the US and Japan agreed to respect each other's territorial goldings in the Pacific
c)the US agreed to accept a Japanese sphere of influence in China
d)the Japanese agreed to accept the segregation of Japanese children in California schools in return for the US' recognition of control of Korea
e)Japan agreed to accept US control of the Philippines in exchange for Japanese domination of Manchuria


The independent republic annexed by the US during the Spanish-American War, but not acquired as a result of the war


Theodore Roosevelt became involved in the peace settlement for the Russo-Japanese War
a) on his own initiative
b)as a way of enhancing America's position in East Asia
c)when Russia asked for his assistance
d)because he feared that the British might intervene and thus gain prestige
e)when Japan secretly asked him to help


The clash between Germany and America over the Samoan islands eventually resulted in
a)a small naval war between the two emerging powers
b)a colonial division of the islands between Germany and the US
c)complete independence for all of Samoa
d)the intervention of Japan to prevent a German-American war
e)a new American doctrine opposing any colonialism in the Pacific


In 1904 the Russo-Japanese War started because
a)Russia was seeking ice free ports in Chinese Manchuria
b)the US refused to force Russia from Sakhalin Island
c)Russia had forced Japan out of China
d)Russia feared growing Japanese power in the Pacific
e)of racial tensions between Russians and Japanese


When the US invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War,
a)the army ecountered stiff resistance from the Spanish
b)the resulting battle ended the war
c)most of the population greeted the invaders as liberating heroes
d)heavy fighting occurred in the harbor at San Juan
e)its intentions were to grant Puerto Rican independence


During the Spanish-American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of


The revolution in Panama began when


On the question of whether American laws applied to the overseas territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, The Supreme Court ruled that

a) American laws did not necessarily apply

The numerous near wars and diplomatic cirses of the US in the late 1880s and 1890 demonstrated

e) the aggressive new national mood

to justify american intervention in the venezuela boundary dispute with britain the secretary of state olney invoked the

Monroe Doctrine

a major weakness of spain in the apsnish american war was

b)the wretched condition of its navy

by the 1890s the US was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in

population, wealth, industrial production

In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the US to help Cuba gain its independence Cuban insurrectos

e) adopted a scorched-earth policy of burning can fields and sugan mills

The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by

d)arbitration of the Venezuelan and British colonies

during the boundary dispute between venezuela and britain the US

A)threatened war unless Britain backed down and accepted Venezuelas claim

American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed

b)their economic potential for American businessmenn seeking trade with China and other Asian nations

Which of the following prominent Americans was least enthusiastic about US imperialistic adventures in the 1890s?

e)Grover Cleveland

The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when

e)Emilio Aguinaldo, the filipino leader was captured

The "Rough Riders" organized principally by TR,

e)were commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood

The US gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the

b)Platt Amendment

Arrange the following events in chronological order

sinking of the Maine, American declaration of war on Spain, passage of the Teller Amendment, passage of the Platt Amendment

Pres. McKinley justified american acquisition of the philippines primarily by emphasizing that

e)there was no acceptable alternative to their acquisition

US naval captain Mahan argued that

b)control of the sea was the key to world domination

Before a treaty annexing Hawaii to the US could be rushed through the US Senatin in 1893

Pres. Harrison's term expird and anti imperialist Cleveland became president

America's initial Open Door Policy was essentially an argument to promote


During the building of the Panama Canal, all of the following difficulties were encountered except

a)guerilla warfare wage by Panamanian rebels against the US

Pres. Roosevelt organizd a conference in Portsmouth, NH in 1905 to

e)mediate a conclusion to the Russo-Japanese War

Starting in 1917 many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland US seekinjg


The Roosevelt Corollary added a new provision to the Monroe Doctrine that was specifically designed to

e)justify US intervention inthe affairs of Latin American countries

Regarding the presidency, TR believed that

c)the Pres. could take any action not specifically prohibited by the laws and the Constitution

Pres. Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because

c)he believed that the native Hawaiians had been wronged and that a majority opposed annexation to the US

Many Americans became concerned about the increasing foreign intervention in China because they

a)feared that American missions would be jeopardized and chinese markets closed to non-Europeans

The greatest loss of life for American fighting men durin the Spanish-american War resulted from

d)sickness in both Cuba and the US

in 1899, guerilla warfare broke out in the Philippines because

b)the US refused to five the Filipino people their independence

The real purpose of teddy Roosevelts assault on trustswas to

prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country

Which of the following was not among the issues addressed by women in progressive movement?

ending special regulations governing women in the workplace

When Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle, he intended his book to focus on attention on the

plight of the workers in the stockyards and meat-packing industry.

The muckrakers signified much about the nature of the progressive reform movement because they

sought not to overthrow capitalism but to cleanse it iwth democratic controls.

During his presidency, Teddy Roosevelt did all of the following except

tame capitalism

The case of Lochner v. new york represented a setback for progressive and labor advocates because the Supreme court in its ruling

declared a law limiting work to ten hours a day unconstitutional

The progressive inspired city manager system of government

was designed to remove politics from municipal administration

According to the text, Teddy Roosevelts most enduring achievement may have been

his efforts supporting the environment

Most muckrakers believed that their primary function in the pgoressive attack on social ills was to

make the public aware of social problems

The Elkins and Hepburn acts dealt with the subject of

railroad regulations

Teddy Roosevelt helped to end the 1902 stike in the anthracite coal mines by

threatening to sieze the mines and to operate them with federal troops

The idea of "multiple use resource management" incldued all of the following practives except

damming of rivers

The progressive movement was instrumental in getting the Seventeenth amendment added to the constitution, which provided for

direct election of senators

To regain the power that the people had lost to the "interests", progressive advocated all of the following except


The supreme courts "rule of reason" in antitrust law was handed down in a case involving

Standard Oil

Match each early-twentieth century muckracker below with the target of his or her expose

David G. Philipps - The united states Supreme court
Ida Tarbell - The Standard Oil Company
Lincoln Steffens - city government
Ray Stannard Baker - the condition of blacks

Teddy Roosevelt weakend himself politically after his election of 1904 when he

announced that he would not be a candidate for a third term as president


was closely tied to the feminist movement and women's causes

Progressive reform at the level of city government seemed to indicate that the progressives highest priority was

governmental efficiency

In Muller v. Oregon, the Supreme court upheld the principle promoted by progressives like Florence Kelley and Louis Brandeis that

female workers required special rules and protection on the job.

Progressive reformers wer mainly men and women from the

middle class

The settlement house and women's club movements were crucial centers of female pgrogressive activity because they

introduced many middle-class women to a broader array of urban social problems and civic concerns

The political roots of the progressive movement lay in the

the Greenback Labor Party and the populist

Political progressivisim

emerged in both major partiies, in all regions, at all levels of governement

Passage of the Federal Meat Inspection Act was especially facilitated by the publication of

Upton Sinclairs The Jungle

As president, William Howard Taft

was wedded more to the status quo than to progressive change.

One unusual and significant characteristic of the anthracite coal strike in 1902 was that

the national governemnt did not automatically side with the owners in the dispute

While president Theodore Roosevelt chose to label his reform proposals as the

Square Deal

as part of his reform program, Teddy Roosevelt advocated all of the following except

control of labor

While present, Teddy Roosevelt

greatly increased the power and prestige of the presidency

The "real Heart" of the progressive movement was the effort by reformers to

use the government as an agency of human welfare.

Lincoln Steffens in his sereies of articles entitled, "The Shame of the Cities"

unmasked the corrupt alliance between big business and municipal government

Of the following legislation aimed at resource conservation, the only one associate with Roosevelt's presidency was the

Newlands Act

President Taft's foreign policy was dubbed

dollar diplomacy

Female progressives often justified their reformist political activities on the basis of

their being essentially an extension of women's traditional roles as wives and mothers.

The public outcry after the horrible Triangle Shirtwaist fire led to many states to pass

restrictions on female employment in the clothing industry

President Roosevelt believed that the federal governemnt should adopt a policy of


The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was

the Women's Christian Temperance union

All of the following were prime goals of earnest progressives except

abolishing special workplace protections for women

Match each late nineteenth century social critic below with the target of his criticisms

Thorstein Veblen - "conspicious consumption"
Jack London - destruction of nature
Jacob Riis - slum conditions
Henry demarest Lloyd - "bloated trusts"

According to progressives the cure for all American democracy ills was

more democracy

Teddy Roosevelt decided to run for the presidency in 1912 because

William Howard Taft had seemed ot discard Roosevelt's policies

President Wilson insisted that he would hold_________ to "strict accountability" for ______________.

Germany; the loss of American Ships and lives to submarine warfare.

The progressive "Bull Moose" party died when

Teddy Roosevelt refused to run as the party presidential candidate in 1916.

Woodrow Wilson's attitude toward the masses can best be described as

having fait in them if they were properly educated

Congress passed teh Underwood Tariff because

President wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage

Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to

Victoriano Huerta

As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as

passionate reformer

Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following except

scorn for the ideal of self - determination for minority peoples in other countries

Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party

Woodrow Wilson - Democratic
Theodore Roosevelt - Progressive
William Howard Taft - Republican
Eugene V. Debs - Socialist

Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism

supported a broad program of social welfare and government regulation of business

According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was


The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson was

Louis D. Brandeis

In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on the Democratic platform that included all of the following except a call for

Dollar diplomacy

The 1912 presidential election was notable because

it gave the voters a clear choice of political and economic philosophies.

One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it

conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies

Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy


Which of the following American Passenger liners was sunk by German Submarines

none of these was an American Ship

When congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to

lower tariff rates

In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he

personally delivered his presidential address to congress

President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of mexico until

American saliors were arrested in the port of Tampico

From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain

pulled the American economy out of a recession

When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelts name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it

symbolized the rising political status of women

When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the

working class

In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first _________ elected to the presidency since the civil war.

person born in the south

German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning

in retaliation for the British Naval blockade of Germany

In the sussex pledge, Germany promised

not to sing passenger ships without warning

With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Amercians

earnestly hoped to stay out of the war

Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in our purchases all of the following countries except