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Chapter 14 - Troubled Times; the Tumultuous 1850s
Terms in this set (12)
What was President Zachary Taylor's top priority as president?
Preserving the Union
Which of the following was not a component of the Compromise of 1850?
The admission of Kansas as a free state
Why did many in the North resist the Fugitive Slave Act?
This federal law appeared to northerners to be further proof of a "Slave Power" conspiracy and elite slaveholders' disproportionate influence over U.S. domestic policy. Northerners also resented being compelled to serve as de facto slave-catchers, as the law punished people not only for helping fugitive slaves, but also for failing to aid in efforts to return them.
Which of the following was a focus of the new Republican Party?
Halting the spread of slavery
Border ruffians helped to ________.
Elect. a proslavery legislature in Kansas.
How did the "Bleeding Kansas" incident change the face of antislavery advocacy?
In response to proslavery forces' destruction of the antislavery press and Free State Hotel, radical abolitionists, including John Brown, murdered proslavery settlers at Pottawatomie. This was a turning point for Brown and many other radical abolitionists, who—unlike their largely pacifist counterparts, such as William Lloyd Garrison—came to believe that slavery must be extinguished by any means necessary, including open violence.
On what grounds did Dred Scott sue for freedom?
The fact that he had lived in a free state
Which of the following was not a result of the Lincoln-Douglas debates?
Lincoln successfully. defended the principle of popular sovereignty
What are the main points of the Dred Scott decision?
The Supreme Court decided that Dred Scott had not earned freedom by virtue of having lived in a free state; thus, Scott and his family would remain enslaved. More broadly, the Court ruled that blacks could never be citizens of the United States and that Congress had no authority to stop or limit the spread of slavery into American territories.
Why did John Brown attack the armory at Harpers Ferry?
To seize weapons to distribute to slaves for a massive uprising
Which of the following did not contribute to Lincoln's victory in the election of 1860?
The defeat of the whig party
What were southerners' and northerners' views of John Brown?
Antislavery northerners tended to view Brown as a martyr for the antislavery cause; some saw in him a Christ-like figure who died for his beliefs. Southerners, for their part, considered Brown a terrorist. They felt threatened by northerners' deification of Brown and worried about the potential for other, similar armed insurrections.
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