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First man to see land on voyage with Columbus.


First Native Americans Columbus saw on Bahama Islands.

Christopher Columbus

Sailor who took men to the new world in search of Gold. He landed in the Bahamas and conquered and killed the Indians there.


An island where the first fort built by Columbus stood. It was named Fort Navidad.


Huge estates where Indians were taken for slave labor.

Bartolome de las Casas

Author of "History of the Indies", a journal that described the conditions in the Indies after the Spanish arrived there.


Had own writing system. Population destroyed by Cortes.


Spanish conquistador who used Cortes's tactics to destroy the Incan population.


Population destroyed by Pizarro.


City of Missippi Valley known for advanced agriculture.


Indians living on "Puritan land" who were extinguished during the Pequot War.


Land enclosed for sheep grazing. This forced smaller farmers to look elsewhere for work.

Joint-Stock Company

Provided financial means for English colonization.

Virginia Company

Joint-Stock Company in London that received a charter for land in the new world. Charter guarantees new colonists same rights as people back in England.


Marriage to John Rolfe = Peace settlement ending the Anglo-Powhatan War.

Lord de la Warr

New Governer of Jamestown. Responsible for horrible tactics used on Indians.

John Rolfe

Father of the Tobacco industry and economic savior of the Virginia colonies.

House of Burgesses

First organized form of representative self-government.

Lord Baltimore

Founded Maryland. Permitted freedom of wordship until Act of Toleration. (Favored Catholics)

Act of Toleration

Guaranteed toleration for all Christians.

James Ogelthorpe

Helped found Georgia and make it a haven for debtors.

The Elect

Destined for eternal bliss.

Great Migration

Refugees left England for Massachusetts, West Indies, and Barbados in 1630s.


Only those that belonged to the Church could vote.

Thomas Hooker

Led energetic group of Puritans to found Hartford, Ct. Created first state constitution.

King Philip's War

Indians led by Metacom forced to disband.

Dominion of New England

Formed to promote effeciency to administer English Navigation Laws.

Sir Edmund Andros

Head of the Dominion, he had strong ties to the church and was hated by many colonists.

Glorious Revolution

Bloodless overthrow of King James II that ended the Dominion and established William and Mary as the new leaders.

Chief Tammany

Sold land to William Penn.

Virginia Code of 1705

Set of slave codes that included very harsh punishments.

Stono Rebellion

Slaves in 1739 stole guns, powder, ... etc and marched through town for freedom.


Encouraged the importation of servant workers by offering the importer several acres of land.


Unique language created by blacks that combined English with other African dialects.


African word meaning Okra.


African word meaning Witchcraft.

Halfway Covenant

Offered partial membership rights to people who have not yet converted.


New form of sermon at Puritan pulpit that scolded parishioners from their waning piety.

John and Cotton Mather

Defended the death sentence for Witch trials.

"Meaner Sort"

The democratic forces that opposed class structure ... etc.

"Better Sort"

Tried to recreate the old social structure form the "Old World" but were prevented by the "Meaner Sort"

Paxton Boys

An armed march in Philadelphia led by the Scots-Irish that protested the Quaker policy with the Indians.


The man who believed that "Americans" have risen out of an ethnically mixed breed.

New Lights

Defended the Great Awakening and revivalist tactics.

Old Lights

Orthodox clergymen who were deeply skeptical of the emotionalism and the antics of the Great Awakening.

Pennsylvania Dutch

Germans that fled from religious persecution, war, ...etc.


Frontiersman that were not actually Irish and had no attraction towards England.

Power of the Purse

Colonists could withhold the government's salary unless he yielded to their wishes.


Founded by the London Corporation.

New Hampshire

Founded by John Mason.


Founded by Puritans and received Royal charter from Massachusetts Bay Company.


Founded by Lord Baltimore as a Catholic Haven.


Founded by Mass Emigrants and Thomas Hooker.

Rhode Island

Founded by Roger Williams for religious freedom.

North Carolina

Founded by Virginian Squatters (Poor Whites w/ No Land)

New York

Founded by the Dutch and then the Duke of York took over.

New Jersey



Separated from North Carolina.


Founded by the Swedes.


Founded by John Ogelthorpe asa buffer state and debtors haven.

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