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EDP Quizzes Weeks 1-6
EDP Quizzes until week 6 for the midterm exam
Terms in this set (51)
Which best describes a psychosocial crisis?
a psychological or social challenge that one faces at each developmental stage
Children who fail to resolve the autonomy versus shame crisis in a positive manner may experience ______.
a lack of self-confidence in their own abilities
Vivienne is in seventh grade. She is enjoying all of her subjects except math because her teacher stated "You will never be good at math" after she received a "C" on a math test. Vivienne may have problems mastering which of the following?
The school and the neighborhood first become highly important influences during what Eriksonian developmental period?
Which one of the following best illustrates Erikson's stage of identity versus identity diffusion?
Mary is trying to decide what major she wants to choose in college.
If a person is functional and adaptive, he or she is less likely to face a psychosocial crisis.
According to Erikson, the mastery of skills and competencies in elementary and middle school is primarily responsible for a person's later sense of industry or feelings of inferiority.
According to Erikson's theory, if a student fails to develop a sense of who she is as a person, a sense of self, it is most likely because ______.
she had so many responsibilities that she had no opportunity to explore different roles, consider aspirations or goals, or determine her values
According to Erikson, at what point is a person developing their own sense of identity, an understanding of "who I am?"
in high school
According to Erikson, at what point in development are a person's experiences with others most likely to help them develop autonomy?
Which component of social competence focuses on emotional competencies such as the ability to express, understand, and regulate emotions?
Most developmental research on social competence comes from ______ studies.
Which best describes the relationship between the terms self-concept and self-esteem?
Self-concept is a cognitive perception, while self-esteem is affective.
Arnold thinks of himself as being less intelligent than other students. This example best illustrates which of the following?
According to Marcia, identity development should be discussed in terms of ______ and ______.
In identity development, a period of role experimentation and trying new behaviors, including contemplating morals and values, is most accurately called ______.
A student who is not interested in trying new behaviors and exploring new roles and has trouble with making decisions or commitments would have which identity status?
______ is linked to better psychological well-being for boys, whereas ______ is linked to better psychological well-being for girls.
The stages in development of ethnic identity are most highly related to ______.
global identity development
Social skills primarily tend to develop in context of school relationships, so there are multiple systematic ways for teachers to help develop those skills in their students.
A student can have a poor self-concept about an aspect of herself without it having any influence on her self-esteem.
Theories of moral reasoning are best described as being based upon ______.
the thought processes individuals use for determining right and wrong
In moral realism, children believe that right and wrong are determined by ______.
the consequences of behavior as administered by adults
Bobby sees Jennifer copy an answer from another student on a test. Bobby reasons, "Well, it's OK for her to do that because she got away with it--the teacher wasn't looking." The moral reasoning stage reflected by Bobby is ______.
In the responses to the classic Heinz dilemma, a boy stated that what Heinz did is not wrong because he did it to save his wife's life. The boy is most likely to be in which of the following stages?
morality of social contract
Each of the following expresses a child's reasoning as to why cheating is wrong. Which statement is most likely to be made by a child at the conventional level of moral development?
"It's against school policy."
Carol Gilligan's theory of moral development differs from Lawrence Kohlberg's theory in that it proposes that ______.
men and women differ in their moral orientations
Which best defines prosocial behavior?
actions intended to benefit others
In Eisenberg's theory, the highest level is ______ orientation.
Which best describes the relationship between empathy and perspective taking?
To have empathy, you must have perspective-taking abilities.
Adam was brought to the principal for hitting his classmate Craig. When asked why he hit, he answered confidently: "Craig pushed me first!" This example best illustrates which of the following cognitive deficits?
Which of the following is a correct statement about the value of neuroscience data to educators?
Neuroscience can educate teachers on the relationship between the brain and environment and how this relationship effects development and learning.
What part of the brain is primarily responsible for processing visual information?
The extensive outer layer of gray matter which is largely responsible for higher brain functions is called the ______.
Brain cells are called ______.
What are the chemicals that are typically released into the synapse when messages are sent through the neurons?
What best describes what happens when a learned skill is no longer regularly used?
Connections between neurons weaken.
Which of the following areas of the brain produce new neurons during adulthood?
hippocampus and olfactory bulbs
Which of the following disorders/disabilities is most closely associated with issues related to phonological processing?
Ms. Smith understands that David is upset because he is crying. Neurons in Ms. Smith's ______ are involved in understanding David's emotional state.
inferior frontal gyrus
The rate of synapse formation varies in different parts of the brain.
Which of the following shared assumptions about learning is false?
Learning processes are very different across different species.
Which best describes classical conditioning?
A neutral stimulus is paired repeatedly with an unconditioned stimulus.
Which one of the following accurately describes the difference between negative reinforcement and punishment?
Negative reinforcement increases the frequency of behavior, whereas punishment decreases it.
Which is most true of psychological punishment, such as humiliation?
The negative impact far outweighs the potential effectiveness, so it should never be used.
A teacher notices that Mark is having a hard time reading. She works with the student to sound out the letters and then the words. As Mark progresses she increases the amount of reading he does and eventually asks him comprehensive questions about the reading. This step-by-step process is known as ______.
All of the following are actions teachers should take on the first day of class, except ______.
communicating preliminary assessment of each student to their parents
Ms. Butler is in her first year of teaching elementary school. She has, with input from her students, developed a short simple set of classroom rules and made sure that the students understand them. However, she is often frustrated to find students sitting at their desks wearing their coats, having to waste 5 min making sure everyone has the appropriate books or worksheets ready, and spending time reprimanding students for speaking without raising their hands. Ms. Coulthard, who has been teaching for several years at the same school, explains that although Ms. Butler has done a great job with the rules, she has not established ______.
class-running, lesson-running, and interaction routines
Mr. Brooks, new elementary school teacher, is having trouble managing transition time effectively. His colleagues offer some suggestions. Which of these is most likely to lead to effective management of transitions?
Ms. Thompson suggests practicing routines, giving verbal reminders, and praising the students for successful transitions.
What characteristics of teachers are most useful in the development of good relationships with students?
moderate levels of dominance and a cooperative stance
All of the following are effective methods for dealing with misbehavior, except ______.
isolating the student
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
A Concise Introduction To Logic (Mindtap Course List)
Lori Watson, Patrick J. Hurley
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Sets found in the same folder
John Watson's development of the concept of behaviorism was influence most strongly by the work of a. Wilhelm Wundt. b. the Gestalt psychologists. c. John Locke. d. B.F Skinner. e. Ivan Pavlov.
Peyton sits by herself most days at lunch because her friends are refusing to speak to her. Her friends are demonstrating. a. grit. b. narcissism. c. empathy. d. positive reinforcement. e. ostracism.
Which of the following psychologists would be most likely to investigate biological, psychological, cognitive, and social changes over a lifetime? a. Educational b. Experimental c. Social d. Cognitive e. Developmental.
"We were not surprised to discover that contact comfort was an important basic affectional or love variable, but we did not expect it to overshadow so completely the variable of nursing." This quotation was written by which of the following psychologists? a. Harry Harlow b. Konrad Lorenz c. B.F. Skinner c. John B. Watson e. Mary Ainsworth
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