8 terms

Section 3.3 "Inside Earth"

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shield volcano
A wide, gently-sloping mountain made of layers formed by quiet eruptions.
cinder cone
A steep, cone-shaped hill or mountain made of volcanic ash, cinders, and bombs piled up round a volcano's opening.
composite volcano
A tall, cone-shaped hill or mountain in which layers of lava alternate with layers of ash and other volcanic materials.
caldera
The large hole at the top of a volcano formed when the roof of a volcano's magma chamber collapses.
volcanic neck
A deposit of hardened magma in a volcano's pipe.
dike
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma forces itself across rock layers.
sill
A slab of volcanic rock formed when magma squeezes itself between layers of rock.
batholith
A mass of rock formed when a large body of magma cooled inside the crust.