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Making Sense of Phrasal Verbs by Perch
Popular phrasal verbs with pictures
Terms in this set (120)
(two teenagers beat up a drunk 24-year-old man in a nightclub.)
to hurt someone badly by hitting and punching.
(The boiler blew up, wrecking the whole house)
to destroy (something or someone) by explosion; to
(my car broke down in the middle of the traffic jam)
to stop working (of machinery)
(someone tried to break into my apartment last night)
to enter somewhere (e.g. a house) illegally, especially by force.
(The rain is over and gone.)
to be finished.
(The concert is off due to weather conditions.)
to be canceled (of an event/an arrangement etc.)
(usually used in the present tense)
be taken aback
(I was at first taken aback, not quite sure what was going on.)
to be surprised and confused. (used in the passive)
(I'm going to blow this photo up and frame it)
to fill with air; to inflate. (a balloon / a tyre / a football etc.)
(he broke down and started crying)
to lose control emotionally or mentally.
(She returned the ring and they broke off their engagement.)
to end / to interrupt / to discontinue. (talks / negotiations / an engagement / a
relationship / an agreement etc.)
(War broke out in 1914)
to start, usually suddenly.
(of unpleasant things e.g. wars, epidemics, fires,
break out in
(She broke out in a rash after eating some strawberries.)
to become covered by (spots / a rash / a cold sweat)
(I broke up with Igor because he was nailing my best friend's mother)
to end, to separate.
(of a marriage / a family / a relationship etc.)
(how to break up a fight?)
to stop an activity
(My grandfather brought me up)
(I was brought up on Jazz)
to take care of a child until it is fully grown and able to
care for itself / to train and prepare a child for adult life.
(I thought I'd brush up (on) my French before going to Paris.)
to improve your knowledge, skill, or memory of
something you used to know, or do, but have now partly
(He tried to burn down the school)
to destroy by burning. (usually of buildings)
(She called off the wedding when she learnt he slept with her friend's mother)
to cancel something; to abandon something that has already begun.
(an event / an arrangement / an activity etc. often
used in the passive)
(Calm down, bro!)
to become less excited and tense
(carry out an experiment / research)
to fulfil or perform (instructions / a duty / an order / a threat / a test etc.)
(this new hairstyle is catching on)
to become popular.
(I'll check in at the hotel in the morning)
to report one's arrival. (at a hotel, an airport etc.)
(I cheered up at the mention of her name)
to become happier.
(I came across my old friend at the bar)
(He came across as a good speaker)
to find or meet by chance. (something or someone)
to produce an impression
(I came into a lot of money after my grandpa passed away)
to receive something (usually money or property) after someone's death. (money/property/a fortune etc).
to regain consciousness.
come up with
(I can't come up with any good ideas)
(He came up with a great plan)
to think of; to produce. (an idea / a plan / a suggestion etc.)
cut down on
(I gotta cut down on the cigarettes )
to reduce In size or amount. (smoking / cigarettes / drinking / spending /
(Sorry we were cut off. The connection is poor)
to disconnect, interrupt or discontinue something or
(Good manners are dying out)
to disappear completely; to become extinct.
(I gotta do up a shirt to wear at the party)
to repair; to improve the condition and appearance of
(a house / a room / a flat / an old car etc.)
(do up the buttons of a shirt)
to fasten; to button; to zip; to tie.
a shoelace / a zip / a dress / a coat etc.
(I was in the neighborhood thought I'd drop in)
to pay a short visit, often without warning.
(I'll drop you off on my way home)
to stop a vehicle and let someone get out; to take
something (or someone) to a place and leave it there
(he dropped off in the middle of my story)
to fall asleep (often unintentionally).
(I dropped out of university because it was boring)
to withdraw from, or stop taking part in (a competition, a
social group, a school, a university, a job, etc.).
(I fell out with him over a stupid reason)
(Our vacation plans have fallen through.)
to fail to happen or be completed in a sudden or final way (of plans,
arrangements, schemes, etc.).
fill in / fill out
(fill out the form, please)
to complete (a form / a questionnaire).
(let's find out what's going on)
to make an effort to discover or get to know (the truth / a secret / an address / the time )
(I need to get away from it all)
get away with
(You can't get away with not preparing for the exam)
(Do you think I can get away with not doing my homework)
to do something wrong or illegal without being punished (usually without even being discovered or caught).
(Get over your breakup it's been six years already)
to recover from (an illness / a failure / a difficulty / a shock etc.)
(We can get round the problem of space by building an extension.)
to solve or avoid a problem/difficulty etc.
(See if you can get round your father to take you to the game.)
to persuade someone to do what you want; to persuade
someone to let you do what you want.
(I called you but I couldn't get through)
to contact someone (usually by telephone).
(I need to get through these tasks by 8 pm)
to finish; to complete. (some work / a task / a book etc.)
(The champion refused to give in and went on to win the set.)
to stop resisting / to surrender.
(The office gives out financial advice to students.)
to give (something or things) to each person in a group of people; to distribute.(books/examination papers/pills etc.)
(Don't shoot! I give up!)
to surrender oneself (usually to someone).
(We've given up trying to persuade them to change.)
to stop trying to do something (often because it is too
(His wife finally persuaded him to give up smoking.)
to stop doing or having (something).(of an habitual activity, smoking / drinking / a job etc.)
(No one expects house prices to go down in the near future.)
(How long will it take for the swelling to go down?)
(The crime rate shows no signs of going down)
to become less
(His dog looked as if it was about to go for me.)
(I think I'll go for a burger instead of a roll)
to attack (a person, an animal.)
(the bomb went off in a crowded street)
to explode or
fire; (of alarms or alarm clocks)
to ring suddenly.
(of explosive devices e.g. bombs, guns etc.)
(Girls don't like it when you go through their stuff)
(Collins went through every legal book she could find.)
(Which shoes go best with this dress?)
to match or suit
(I grew up in a small village)
to develop from a child into an adult.
(Hold on a moment I'll put you through to him)
to wait (especially on the telephone).
(There were several hold-ups on the motorway)
(My train was held up for several hours)
to stop / to delay. (usually used in the passive)
(An armed raider held up the village store last week.)
to rob, especially using a weapon (a person / a bank / a vehicle etc.)
(5000 employees of Amazon were laid off last week)
to stop employing (a worker), often for a short time
because there is not enough work.
(never gonna give you up never gonna let you down...)
to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or
(I was pulled over for speeding, but I was let off with a warning.)
to excuse (someone) from (a punishment, a duty, or
(Who let the dogs out?)
to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place); to
(It's hard work looking after three children all day.)
to take care of someone or something
(Most people look back on their school days with fondness.)
to remember and think about the past.
look down on
(She looks down on anyone who doesn't have a university education)
to think that you are better or more important than someone else, or to think that something is not good enough for you
(I'm looking for a job)
to try to find (something or someone), often a thing or
person that is lost.
look forward to
(He had worked hard and was looking forward to his retirement.)
to feel happy and excited about something that is going to happen
(I wrote a letter of complaint, and the airline have promised to look into the matter.)
to investigate; to carefully examine a situation or event
and try to discover the reasons for it.
(He is looking over the leaflets he picked up earlier.)
to examine someone or something usually quickly (some work / a car / a house / a document / a
suggestion / an applicant etc.)
(Do you want to look around the school?)
to visit and tour round a place.
a house / a shop / a town / a factory / an
(I didn't know what 'loquacious' meant and had to look it up in a dictionary.)
to try to find a particular piece of information by looking in a book or on a list, or by using a computer
look up to
(He's a role model for other players to look up to.)
to respect, admire (someone).
(I can't make out what's written on the board)
to see, hear, or understand (something or someone),
often with difficulty
(Often used in negative with can't and couldn't)
(She made out a cheque and handed it to me.)
to write all the necessary information on a document such as a cheque
(we break up, we make up)
to become friends again after a quarrel.
(whenever he comes late he makes up a stupid excuse)
(it is a made-up story)
to invent, sometimes with the purpose of deception.
(a story / a poem / an excuse / an explanation
make up for
(He bought her some flowers to make up for being late.)
to compensate for.
(mistake / doing or not doing something
(The gunman had mistaken him for a drug dealer.)
(I had mistaken friendship for love.)
to think wrongly that one thing or person is another
thing or person
(Two local students later owned up to the prank)
(Dan could have made this whole thing go away simply by owning up.)
to tell someone that you have done something wrong or that you are at fault.
(My grandpa passed away 5 years ago)
to die (usually of a person)
(People everywhere were passing out from the heat.)
to lose consciousness.
(Pick me up at the airport at 6 pm please)
to give someone a ride in a vehicle / to collect someone
or something (sometimes in a vehicle).
(I just wanted to point out some mistakes you made)
to draw attention to something or someone.
(He rejected all the proposals I put forward.)
to offer a proposal / a plan, etc for consideration.
(I often put off doing my homework)
to delay doing something until a later date
to delay an event or arrangement until a later date.
(Lack of parking space was putting potential customers off.)
to discourage, or distract, (someone) from doing something.
(put on a new dress for the party)
to dress oneself.
(he put out the fire by urinating on it)
to extinguish. (a cigarette / a light / a fire etc.)
(Could you put me through to Mr. Brown)
to connect a telephone caller to the number he or she
put up with
(I'm not gonna put up with your behavior)
to suffer a difficult situation or person without complaining.
(I'm running in my new car)
to use a new (or reconditioned) engine carefully until it
is ready for normal use. (a motorcycle / a new car / a machine etc.)
(I ran into Tom at a theater)
to meet by chance.
(We are running out of a toilet paper)
(The printer is running out of ink)
to use all of (something) and have no more left. (of coffee / sugar / money / patience / time etc.)
(Anne saw Terry off at the station.)
to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at
the place (e.g. airport, station etc.) where the journey
(he set off for work an hour ago)
to start a journey.
(Use paper towels to soak up the oil.)
to absorb; to become filled with (a liquid / information / knowledge / punishment etc.)
(Could you speak up please I can't hear you)
to speak louder. (often used in the imperative)
(What does BBC stand for?)
to represent or mean; to be a sign or short form of
(In looks he takes after his father.)
to look or be like an older relative.
(The police took down our addresses and phone numbers)
to record in writing.
(a statement / a telephone number / some
(Don't be taken in by his look)
to deceive; to cheat.
(often used in the passive)
(The plane took off very smoothly)
to rise from the ground.(of an aeroplane)
(take off your shoes and belt and any other jewelry)
to remove anything that is worn on the body (especially
(The leader of my group left, so I decided to take over)
to assume responsibility for, or control of, (something or a
situation) from someone else.
(You should take up a hobby if you often find yourself bored)
to begin to study, to practice, or do a hobby / a sport / a job / a habit etc.
(I tore up all the photos of my old boyfriend.)
to destroy completely by tearing.
(a piece of paper / a letter / a newspaper etc.)
(my mum told me off for ruining her life)
to speak angrily to someone who has done something
wrong; to find fault with someone.
(Let's think over his proposal before we see him again.)
to consider (something) carefully.
(a problem / a proposal / a situation etc).
(What a lovely dress! Why don't you try it on?)
to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks.
(a hat / a new pair of shoes / a dress etc.)
(John hopes to try out his new running shoes this weekend.)
to test something (or someone) by using it.
something or someone
to change; to become.
(They turned down our offer)
to refuse or reject (something or someone).
a request/an offer/an applicant/an application etc.
wear off / wear down
(The pain is wearing off)
to disappear gradually. (of an emotion, feeling)
(The rear tires are worn out.)
to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use;
to become unusable after excessive use.
(You need a holiday or you'll wear yourself out)
to tire greatly; to exhaust.
often used in the passive
(we need to work out how to deal with this problem)
to solve a problem by calculation or study;
to produce a way of dealing with a problem or situation by thinking.
(a sum / a problem / a plan / a method etc.)
(The kids tried to sneak into the rock concert, but they were stopped by the guards)
To enter a place quietly to avoid being seen or heard.
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