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Advanced Sophomore English Vocab for 2nd Semester Exam

All the vocabulary words we will be tested on for our 2nd semester exam in Avdanced Sophomore English
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Allay
to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
Convivial
festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
Counterpart
a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
Effrontery
shameless boldness, impudence
Ephemeral
lasting only a short time, short-lived
Furtive
done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
Illusory
misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
Inordinate
far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
Misanthrope
a person who hates or despises people
Picayune
of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
Arrant
thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
Concilliate
to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
Echelon
one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
Fatuous
stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
Juggernaut
a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
Litany
a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
Paucity
an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
Raze
to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
Saturate
to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
Slough
to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; a mire; a state of depression
Acclamation
a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval
Calumniate
to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously
Collusion
secret agreement or cooperation
Imperturbable
not easily excited; emotionally steady
Mandate
an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; to issue such an order
Paroxysm
a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion
Peregrination
the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country
Refulgent
shining, radiant, resplendent
Tyro
a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill
Vacillate
to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will
Attenuate
to make thin or slender; to weaken or lessen in force, intensity, or value
Cavil
to find fault in a petty way, carp; a trivial objection or criticism
Decimate
to kill or destroy a large part of
Forgo
to do without, abstain from, give up
Inure
to toughen, harden; to render used to something by long subjection or exposure
Obsequious
marked by slavish attentiveness; excessively submissive, often for purely self-interested reasons
Oscillate
to swing back and forth with a steady rhythm; to fluctuate or waver
Peremtory
having the nature of a command that leaves no opportunity for debate, denial, or refusal; offensively self-assured, dictatorial; determined, resolute
Reconnoiter
to engage in reconnaissance; to make a preliminary inspection
Sporadic
occurring at irregular intervals, having no set plan or order
Abrogate
to repeal, cancel, declare null and void
Asperity
roughness, severity; bitterness or tartness
Cabal
a small group working in secret
Deprecate
to express mild disapproval; to belittle
Ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm and excitement; boiling, bubbling
Flaccid
limp, not firm; lacking vigor or effectiveness
Inexorable
inflexible, beyond influence; relentless, unyielding
Necromancer
one who claims to reveal or influence the future through magic, especially communication with the dead; in general, a magician or wizard
Rife
common, prevalent, widespread, happening often; full, abounding; plentiful, abundant, replete
Sequester
to set apart, separate for a special purpose; to take possession of and hold in custody