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Speech & Language Disorders
Terms in this set (66)
There is no hierarchy to cognitive processes; they are all on equal footing
Which memory type has procedural memory, priming and classical conditioning?
Which process is considered foundational to all other cognitive processes?
Of the following types of dementia which is the most common?
Alzheimer's Disease (AD)
Associative learning ("if A then B") is:
Of the following types of dementia, which typically has the longest survival after diagnosis?
Alzheimer's Disease (AD)
Language processing, mental math, and spelling a word backwards uses which cognitive skill?
Which of the following tools is most used for measuring the cognitive status of people with TBI to track progress?
Ranchos Los Amigos (RLA)
Of the following types of dementia, which is related to strokes?
Vascular Dementia (VaD)
Which of the following is not true about open head injuries?
More likely to survive, hence seen on our caseload more often
Which primary effect of TBI is injury to the opposite side of impact as the brain rattles back from the first side of impact?
Of the following, which was called in class a "hallmark" of dementia?
What language is the word "polytrauma" from?
Which secondary effect of TBI is reduced oxygen to the brain?
When one stimulus invokes another, it is:
The most prevalent type of TBI, by far is:
Which memory type has semantic memory and episodic memory?
Mild TBI (mTBI) is often missed at time of initial injury and typically has no long-term consequences
Attention is difficult to assess in isolation from other domains of cognition
What is one explanation discussed in class for why Working Memory (WM) is so susceptible to damage?
Because it involves so many brain structures working together that it can be disrupted by damage in so many different regions
Since long term memory (LTM) has virtually unlimited capacity, in normally functioning humans no informations is ever lost from it
Secondary effects of TBI are not as relevant to recovery of function after injury as the primary effects
Approximately how many bits of information is hypothesized that short term memory (STM) can store at a time?
Which secondary effect of TBI can increase ICP (intracranial pressure)?
Which variant of Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD) is called "Primary Progressive Aphasia" or "PPA"
Which cognitive process has a visuospatial sketchpad and a phonological loop controlled by a central executive component?
Which memory type holds general knowledge and concepts?
Which of the following are examples of indirect treatment for individuals with dementia?
About 30% of TBI cases are at risk for a stroke
Which memory type holds personal, autobiographical knowledge?
Of the following, which symptom is NOT one of the triad of symptoms that characterize the mTBI polytrauma in veterans?
Which memory type holds motor skill information?
Think of the big statue in New York of a lady holding up a torch in her right hand and a tablet in the left. Think of the statue's name. Which system are using?
Phonological loop of working memory
Which list summarizes the mechanism of blast injuries in order (from primary to quaternary)?
Blast wave, fragments, body displacement, burns
Which type of TBI is divided into the subtypes of acceleration and non acceleration injuries?
CHI (close head injury)
Of the following types of dementia, which is known to be driven by two processes of accumulations of amyloid plaques and tau protein?
Alzheimer's Disease (AD)
Which of the following tools is most used for determining length of impaired consciousness
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
Since we already know all dementia progresses to loss of independence and all are fatal, there is no useful reason to stage dementia
The lecture slides on mTBI specify which cognitive skill's deficits would determine the extent of social/vocational recovery post TBI more than others?
Which of the following tools is most used for determining length of period when an individual can't store new information
Galveston Orientation and Amnesia Test (GOAT)
PTSD is a common comorbidity of mTBI
Which of the mechanisms of blast injuries is the one where air filled organs and fluid filled cavities are impacted by high pressure
Which is NOT true about short term memory (STM)?
It has unlimited capacity
Neuroimaging evidence of injury to brain is required for insurance to reimburse Dx/Tx for mTBI
Which of the mechanisms of blast injuries is the one where chemical exposure complicated medical status?
Lateral neglect (as seen in RHD) is considered a deficit in what cognitive skill?
Recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have more TBI casualties than other wars
Which of the following are examples of direct treatment for individuals with dementia?
Compensatory strategy instruction
Which of the mechanisms of blast injuries is the one that is most likely to involve acceleration injuries consistent with diffuse axonal injury?
All sensory input is processed
Which of the mechanisms of blast injuries is the one that is most likely to involve an open head injury?
Which primary effect of TBI is the stretching and shearing of axons within the cerebrum and brainstem ?
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI)
Dysphagia is expected at later stages of all dementias
Which type of declarative memory is less vulnerable to loss?
Which is NOT one of the two common measures of injury severity?
Length of disorientation to situation
Which type of attention is defined is Sohlberg and Mateer's taxonomy as switching between tasks?
Of the following, which is NOT a primary effect of TBI (closed head injury)?
A severe infection can lead to which type of dementia?
Because of low blood flow secondary to TBI, the brain ends up getting less of what it needs when it needs it the most. This is called?
Cerebral metabolism mismatch
Which type of memory is relatively spared in Vascular Dementia (VaD)?
All dementia types are fatal
Which primary effect of TBI is bruising of the brain as it is pushed into the bony protuberance inside the skull?
Anosognosia is related to:
When documentation states a person is oriented x2, it means
To person and place
Which is the correct order of orientation
Person, place, time, situation
TBI assessment with formal tools at acute stage is best practice
Recommended textbook explanations
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Psychology: Principles in Practice
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Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
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