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two party system caused by

strong state gov v. strong national gov

issues of election of 1800

kentucky and virginia resolutions, alien and sedition acts, xyz affair

what were the kentucky and virginia resolutions

gave the states ability to nullify any law passed by the federal gov

treaty of ghent resulted in

no change in us territory

important outcome of lewis and clark expedition

scientific discoveries of plants and animals

jeffersons concerns towards owning new orleans by france

france is a dangerous opponent, threatened interests of the us on the miss river

reasons for war w/ great britain

impressment of soldiers, trade embargoes, na conflicts

1st secretary of treasury

alexander hamilton

why did fed gov want to move the nations capital to the south

to settle dispute on how to reduce gov debt

tech innovations during industrial revolution

spinning jenny mechanical reaper steel plow water loom cotton gin telegraph interchangeable parts sewing machine

how did the factory system effect economy

rapid industrilization more goods at cheaper prices

spoils system

giving political jobs to loyal supporters

how did the jacksonian era impact democracy

democracy was extended to common people

who won election of 1824

john quincy adams

effect of the tariff of 1828

south carolina would secede

causes of the mexican war

border disputes, american troops on the rio grande, annexation of tx

horace mann

father of education, education should be free

compromise of 1850 effected slavery how

allowed the expansion of slavery

1st major battle of the civil war

1st battle of bull run

why was the battle of gettysburg an important victory for the south

stopped conf. advancement into the north

souths requirements to reenter the union

equality protected by law, write new state constitutions

what happened after the battle at tippecanoe

tecumseh joined forces with british troops

war of 1812 ended with

treaty of ghent

requirements for presidential elections are in

12th amendment

north border of us settled with

battle of plattsburgh

industrial towns developed by

rivers and streams

corduroy roads

roads with logs laid side by side

favorite sons

name for candidates backed by their home states

force bill

law allowed the president to use us military to enforce acts of congress

1st vp to become president

john tyler

civil war general that became president in 1869

ulysses s. grant

1st state to secede in 1860

south carolina

wilmot proviso

plan that specified that slavery should be prohibited in any lands that might be acquired from mexico

federalist leader, type of gov, loose/strict, type of bank

alexander hamilton, federal, loose, national

democratic republican leader, type of gov, loose/strict, type of bank

thomas jefferson, state, strict, state

1st five presidents

george washington, john adams, thomas jefferson, james madison, james monroe

marbury v. madison est.

judicial review

new republic era

1st president, 1st political parties

chief justice john marshall

presided in marbury v. madison

louisiana purchase was in


monroe doctrine

issued in 1823, prohibited europeans from colonizing

cotton gin

invented by eli whitney, needed more slaves

mexican war ended with

treaty of guadalupe hidalgo

indian removal act

passed in 1830, allowed gov to force na's west of miss. river

mexican cession had

california and new mexico

economy of the south was

agricultural, dependent on trade w/ europe

13, 14, 15 amendments

free citizens vote


year civil war began

henry clay

great compromiser

john c calhoun

vp during jackson democracy

where and when civil war endedq

appotomattox courthouse, va in 1865

lincolns 1st inaugural address

vowed to preserve union

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