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a situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing its self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior
Tragedy of the Commons
occurs when individuals consume more than their share, with the cost of their doing so dispersed among all, causing the ultimate collapse
outcomes need not sum to zero. with cooperation, both can win; with competition, both can lose
reciprocal views of each other often held by parties in conflict; each may view itself as moral and peace-loving and the other as evil and aggressive
to reduce prujudice, interracial (for example) contact should be between persons equal in status
a shared goal that necessitates cooperative effort; a goal that overrides people's differences from one another
an attempt by a neutral third party to resolve a conflict by facilitating communication and offering suggestions
resolution of a conflict by a neutral third party who studies both sides and imposes a settlement
win-win agreements that reconcile both parties' interests to their mutual benefit
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